It would seem that in our time no one is already aware of liceremembers. However, unfortunately, this is not so - even today, pediculosis is a very widespread problem. How to get rid of lice - this problem worries a huge number of people. And pediculosis is much more likely to affect children. And they most often serve as a source of infection for parents. Talk about this problem is not accepted. Why then people have the opinion that lice are an indispensable attribute of socially disadvantaged people, then how to get rid of lice worries least - alcoholics, homeless people, beggars. And because of such stereotypes, a person who has encountered the problem of pediculosis, simply hesitates to ask how to get rid of lice, even the doctor. And very vain - no doctor will ridicule you. Just the doctors are very well aware of the true state of affairs: the disease with pediculosis in no way depends on either the social status, the financial situation, or the cleanliness of people. Moreover - in the last year across Russia there has been a general epidemic of pediculosis, and these epidemics are captured even by the most elite kindergartens, schools and summer camps. Pediculosis is an extremely dangerous disease. When in contact with the carrier of lice, the risk of infection reaches about 90%. Well and at use of the general things - and all of 100%. That is why it is so important to observe the rules of personal hygiene and never, under any circumstances, to give anyone and not to take any combs, elastic bands and headgear. Sometimes only one fertilized female is enough for a person to become infected. And lice reproduce very, very quickly - in just two weeks the head of a sick person becomes a real hotbed of lice. Therefore, treatment should be started immediately, with the first symptoms of pediculosis. What exactly are the symptoms of pediculosis, will be told a little lower. In order to successfully fight the disease and know how to get rid of lice, you need to have a clear idea of the types of parasite data. There are three varieties of lice:
- Pubic louse
- Head Louse
Strictly speaking, it is the infection of a personhead lice and is called pediculosis. About this disease and will be discussed below, in this article. Pediculosis is the most common disease, occurring in 93% of all cases of infection with lice.
Symptoms of lice
The head louse is a parasitic insect, nothaving wings. Inhabits the head louse exclusively on the scalp, giving preference to such places as the back of the head, whiskey and the area behind the ears. However, in particularly neglected cases, the diseases can parasitize the entire scalp. The head louse has a very strong and resilient body that withstands a load of about one kilogram, and its legs are arranged in such a way that it easily moves over the surface of the hair. The head louse drinks blood with the help of a special sharp proboscis with which it pierces the scalp. After the louse pours blood, it acquires a reddish hue. To maintain life, the head louse needs human blood. Without food, it can live only a few days, depending on the temperature of the environment. So, for example, in the hot season, at an ambient temperature of about 30 degrees, without blood, lice can live only one day, at a temperature of 20 degrees - two days, and at a temperature of 10 degrees - about five days. Optimum conditions for the development of head lice is about 26-28 degrees. Approximately this temperature is at the roots of the hair, where head lice dwell. The lower the ambient temperature, the fewer eggs the lice lay. At temperatures below 12 degrees, egg laying stops completely. Egg lice in the official medicine are called nits. Nits with a special adhesive material very firmly adhered to the base of the hair. After about 8 days, lice hatch out from the nits, which after 9 days fully ripen and are ready for egg laying. Nits should be given sufficient attention - after all, if after the treatment of the head of a sick person at least a few living nits remain, the entire cycle of the disease will begin anew. It goes without saying that the presence of parasites can not go unnoticed. Pediculosis has the following symptoms:
Treatment of pediculosis
Getting rid of pediculosis is not so difficult iftreatment started in a timely manner. The first condition is thorough hygiene. The patient should wash his hair as often as possible, ideally every day. Otherwise, because of the large amount of abundant secretory secretions of lice and sticky substance nits, the hair is very much confused, and it is also possible that an extremely intense and unpleasant odor is produced. And besides the aesthetic side of the question, such a state leads to the fact that the laying of eggs in lice becomes practically mass. Fortunately, modern pharmacology offers a large selection of a variety of chemicals that allow you to get rid of pediculosis quickly enough. If with the question of how to get rid of lice, you contact a doctor, he will help you pick up the drug. If you are too shy to visit a doctor, the pharmacy staff can help you with the choice. However, before using any medication for the treatment of pediculosis, you need to remember about some of the features:
- Make sure that the disease does exist
Very many people who are afraid of themselvesa pediculosis, at the slightest itch of a head run in a drugstore, get medicine and smear a head for prophylaxis. However, doctors do not strongly recommend doing this because these drugs are toxic. In no case should you begin treatment until you are certain of the presence of parasites. We must not forget that there is a huge number of various causes leading to the development of pruritus of the head.
- Breast children, pregnant women, scalp inflammation
Also, doctors do not recommend performing treatmenthead at the expense of children, under the age of one year, pregnant women. And also with care it is possible to apply these pharmacological agents for the treatment of pediculosis in those cases when a person has any inflammatory process or irritation on the scalp. In such cases, it is very important to seek help from a doctor in a timely manner.
- Protect eyes
As already mentioned above, all drugs forgetting rid of pediculosis is extremely toxic, so you need to take all the necessary precautions in order to avoid getting the drug into the eyes.
- Follow the instructions on the instructions
Before using pharmacologicalpreparations intended for getting rid of pediculosis, it is necessary to carefully read the instructions for the use of the medicine. When used, the instructions should be carefully followed, especially in the point concerning the dosage of the preparation and the repeated treatments. Very often a person, extremely upset by the very fact of infection with lice, seeks to get rid of pediculosis as soon as possible. And as a result, it can largely exceed the dosage given in the instructions, believing that it will work more efficiently. However, this is not so, the only thing that can be achieved by this method is a general poisoning of the body. And the effectiveness of treatment still will not improve.
Do not use a hair dryer to dry your hair after treating the head with a pharmacological preparation - heat can greatly reduce the effectiveness of the drug.
- Washing head
Avoid washing your hair in the first day aftertreatment of the head with anti-pediculosis medication. Most of the parasites die in the first hours after treatment with the drug. However, its effect lasts for the first 24 hours.
- Application rules
Another common mistakeis the wrong application of the drug. Remember that the medicine is not a shampoo. Apply it very carefully - on each strand of hair individually, making sure that there is not a single untreated hair left. The drug should be left on the hair for exactly the amount of time that is indicated in the drug's instructions.
At the end of this time, carefullycomb the hair with a small comb. It is advisable to do this over a white sheet of paper, on which lice are clearly visible. In the event that all lice are dead, the drug acts reasonably effectively. However, in no case forget that none of the drugs available today has any effect on nits - louse eggs. That is why it is very important to carefully comb out them.
- Re-treatment of the head
As already mentioned, no drug isdestroys the nits. And even in the event that all nits are carefully combed out with a small crest, there is always a chance that a few nits will remain on the hair. And to avoid repeated reproduction of lice, it is necessary to re-treat the head after the time specified in the instructions.
Other ways to treat pediculosis
However, to a great regret, this method does notis always the best way to get rid of lice. The doctors themselves admit that more and more often there are varieties of lice that are absolutely immune to many medications. In this case, you should try to use another drug. Carefully read the annotation to the drug and pay attention to the active ingredient - often drugs that carry different names, in fact, represent the same thing. Also in some good way how to get rid of lice, is an ordinary hair conditioner and a small comb. To do this, the conditioner must be applied very abundantly on the hair - they must all be covered with a thick layer. The head should be covered with a plastic wrap and left for about two hours. After that, without flushing the air conditioner, carefully comb the lice and hair with a small comb. Repeat the procedure every day, for two weeks. There are a lot of folk ways how to get rid of lice and nits. However, doctors are extremely negative about different folk remedies, like dichlorvos or kerosene. These methods of treatment can most negatively affect the health of a sick person, let alone a child. And as a result, the child will have to be treated not only from pediculosis, but also from the general intoxication of the body, sometimes quite strong. We advise you to read: