Gardnerella (bacterial vaginosis) isa very common infection in our time. According to statistics, more than 20% of women who have sex work suffer from such a disease. The thing is that the gardnerella is always present in the microflora of the female sexual organ. But with a sharp increase in the number of these bacteria, the microflora of the vagina is broken, which leads to the development of infection. The question is whether this type of vaginosis is precisely the disease that, like many, is sexually transmitted, still has no unequivocal response from the medical profession. However, bacterial vaginosis requires immediate treatment, and this is not even discussed. Gardnerella is not pathogenic in itself, but it leads to the appearance of other pathogens that are more dangerous to women's health. Gardnerella performs the function of preparing soil for harmful microorganisms. When these microorganisms begin to multiply at an accelerated rate, the products of their metabolism adversely affect not only the vagina, but also penetrate into the urethra. Disrupted microflora for gardnerella - the cause of occurrence number 1. Bacteria that have grown in such a "favorable" environment, and cause inflammation.
Is bacterial vaginosis contagious?
Of course. It is the patients who are very active in sex life, most often encounter this disease. Avoid the transfer of vaginosis can be used with contraceptives, especially should pay attention to it, if you are tying a relationship with a new partner. This statement does not mean that a man is "contagious". It is possible that the microflora of a man is alien to your body. This will lead to dysbiosis, and then to gardnerellezu. Treatment of this disease is no different from the rest, sexually transmitted infections. Regardless of the confirmation of the disease, both partners must undergo a full course of treatment with the drugs that the doctor will prescribe to one of them. You can get sick with gardnerellez, even if the fact of infection as such was not there. The disease can develop due to the use of antibiotics or contraceptives of topical use. A number of cases of development of gardnerella after taking the following drugs were recorded: Terzhinan, Betadin, Polizhinaks. Disrupt the microflora of the vagina can be with prolonged stresses, diets, with intense physical and emotional stress.
Symptoms of gardnerellosis
The first signs of the appearance of the disease shouldknow every woman, because to start treatment and take special medications you need as soon as possible. The symptoms of gardnerelleza in women are much more noticeable than in the stronger sex. Vaginal discharge can have a yellow, green, white, transparent and white-gray shade. They have a uniform consistency, creamy or watery, often foam. Sexual lips swell, blush, with urination or with sexual intercourse, there is itching and burning. The main sign of the disease is the smell of spoiled fish. In addition to excreta, gardnerella in women cause an internal inflammatory process, which also leads to itching, pain and burning in the vagina. In men (90%), gardnerella do not cause any discomfort. In rare cases, the presence of the disease can be judged by painful urination. Even more rarely are abundant discharge from the penis, burning and itching. When any minor symptoms of gardnerellosis appear in women, it is recommended to consult a doctor right away. Experts argue that the disease can be cured from the first time only at an early stage of development. The complications and consequences of the disease are diverse. Urethritis, prostatitis, infertility threatens men. And women often develop inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs. The external genitalia, the vagina, the cervix are all endangered. The consequence is endometritis and adnexitis, which will bother you all your life. If we talk about the consequences that appear immediately, then this is a sharp decrease in immunity and a high risk of diseases of the genitourinary system. Gardnerella is common in pregnant women. Often a woman becomes infected before the conception of the child, and during pregnancy, pathogenic microbes exacerbate. The reasons are as follows: during pregnancy, the body's immune defense falls sharply and hormonal changes take place. These factors affect the microflora of the female vagina, and if the girl has a minimal risk of getting a gardnerellez, the body acts far from benefiting the owner.
Diagnosis of the disease
Today, women's gardnerella can berevealed at the initial stages, good, for every specialist this is possible. Women with the first suspicions should immediately contact the gynecologist, and men - to the venereologist or urologist. First, the patient is examined, the symptoms are evaluated. The most frequent complaint is discharge with a sharp unpleasant odor. If the symptoms are not so well expressed in Gardnerella, then a laboratory analysis is performed, which allows to identify the pathogen. The analysis is a general smear with microscopy. Considering under the microscope cells of a sick person, you can see a thick layer of microbes, which speaks of the fact of the disease. Another analysis to confirm the disease is the measurement of the pH of the vaginal environment. Finally, the diagnosis can be made after a reaction to isotrile (just the substance that produces a terribly unpleasant odor). If the diagnosis is confirmed, ask the doctor to conduct a test for inflammation in the vagina (sowing of vaginal discharge, analysis for dysbiosis, PCR). Gardnerellez in women during pregnancy is the most common disease, but do not despair, the main thing - in a timely manner to cope with the disease. Drugs for treatment should be prescribed by a doctor, since many medicines are prohibited, including antibiotics. Typically, doctors prescribe the following drugs for treatment: Metronidazole, Clindamycin. And one and the other drug is available both in the form of a gel for external use, and in the form of tablets. The treatment and dosage of the drug is prescribed by the attending physician. It should be remembered that these drugs are incompatible with alcohol. Having finished the course of treatment, take the tests again, and then watch your health and do not allow relapses. Prevention of the disease is simple enough:
- Take care of your health.
- Strengthen the immune system.
- Lead a healthy lifestyle (do not overdo it, eat right).
- Eliminate casual sex.
- Use condoms.
- Within 2 hours after the "suspicious" sexual intercourse, use antiseptics.
- Refuse douching and preparations containing 9-nonoxinol (contraceptive).
Constantly watch your sex organs, keep them in perfect purity. At the first occurrence of any symptoms, consult a doctor, do not self-medicate!