In each country there are special categoriescitizens, who need additional protection of the state from illegal actions on the part of employers. To them, first of all, should be attributed to women with the status of single mothers. Indeed, they have a hard time, because you need to combine the functions of child upbringing, its development and providing it with a decent life. Therefore, it is the duty of the state to protect the basic rights of such women in many spheres of social life. It is article 261 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation that clearly regulates the main reasons why, on the initiative of the employer, it is impossible to dismiss a mother single-handedly from work officially and without legal violations, if her upbringing is a child under fourteen years old or a disabled child up to eighteen years of age. There are several of them, and the main ones are:
- reduction in the number of employees of the enterprise, company or other organization where such a woman works;
- her incompatibility with her position;
- change of the owner of the enterprise or the company with which the labor activity of a single mother is connected.
However, Article 81 still provides grounds forlegal dismissal of women of this category. In principle, these factors do not differ from those that serve as an excuse for terminating employment relations with any careless employee. So, the legal dismissal of a single mother is possible for any of the reasons listed below.
There are a few more points that giveThe possibility for the employer to terminate labor relations with a woman in the status of a single mother, for example, her inability to perform her duties due to her state of health (clause 8 of Article 77 of the TC) or the refusal to amend the material terms of the employment agreement (clause 7 of Article 77 of the TC). These reasons are also common to all workers. Summing up, it should be noted that the Labor Code itself is written in order to maintain a balance between the interests of employees and employers. And in order to properly implement the laws of the country, they must first be thoroughly studied. This applies to us, employees, and those who provide us with jobs. But often it happens that exactly unprotected categories of citizens, for example, single mothers, are simply forced to be well-oriented in their rights to avoid illegal actions by unscrupulous employers. And this, as a rule, is never superfluous. We advise you to read: