removal of glands in adults "And their head hurts, and the neck hurts!"" A sore throat. Who among the people did not come across her at least once in his life. And some less fortunate people have to live side by side with angina all their lives. Angina doctors call an acute infectious disease, in which the upper respiratory tract and nasopharyngeal tissues are involved in the process. The source of infection in angina is a patient with various forms of acute diseases and a carrier of pathogenic microorganisms. The greatest importance is for patients with foci of infection in the upper respiratory tract. This disease is very widespread, because it is extremely contagious. It is very easily transmitted by airborne droplets, so it's enough for one person in the team to get sick, as the epidemic begins. And in the event that the angina repeats in a person twice a year and more often, it is considered chronic and requires more cardinal treatment. As a rule, we are talking about the removal of tonsils. Of course, that the removal of glands in adults is not done to all people who have a sore throat. There are a number of strictly limited indications for conducting this surgical intervention:

  • Relapse of the questionnaire more than 3 times a year, especially accompanied by a rise in heat - more than 38 and 5 degrees.
  • The onset of abscesses of the tonsils.
  • Angina, leading to complications in the form of diseases of the kidneys, heart or joints.
  • Extremely weakened immunity.

Sometimes it is not complete, but partial removaltonsillitis - tonsillotomy. As a rule, it is prescribed in those cases when the very condition of a sick person does not cause special complaints from doctors, and no complaints about the state of health on the part of the sick person also come. However, the patient's tonsils are too large and prevent him from breathing normally, and also lead to the appearance of snoring. And if a person's tonsils are enlarged, removal in this case is not avoidable. However, there are a number of circumstances that are strict contraindications to surgical intervention. These include:

  • Severe blood diseases, such as leukemia or aplastic anemia.
  • Angina pectoris and other serious disorders of the heart rhythm.
  • Open form of tuberculosis.
  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
  • Time during pregnancy.
  • Third trimester of pregnancy.

Features of the operation

Despite the fact that the removal of glands is notrepresents at least some serious danger for the sick person, and special difficulty for the doctor, it was, is and will still be a surgical intervention. And, needless to say, removing the glands, like any other operation, has its own specific capabilities. If you or your loved ones have an operation to remove the glands, then the excitement that you are experiencing is quite natural. The information below will help you to know exactly how the given surgical procedure is performed. After all, most of it is the lack or complete absence of information and leads to fears. As a rule, surgery to remove glands is performed under general anesthesia. This allows not only doctors to do their job quietly, but also to save the person from unnecessary emotions, fears and other stresses. The exact anesthesia will be applied by the doctor - an anesthesiologist in each case, considering a large number of the most diverse individual characteristics of a person. After the person is anesthetized by anesthesia, the doctor excludes the pathological tissue of the tonsils. Excision can be done in various ways:

  • Ultrasound.
  • Laser ray.
  • Electricity.
  • A liquid nitrogen.

After the removal of the glands is completed,physicians will turn it to the right side. In order to reduce blood loss, the neck of a sick person makes an ice lotion. Immediately after surgery, the doctor appoint a patient a course of antibiotics, the purpose of which is to prevent the development of infection of the wound. In the first day after the operation, the patient is strictly forbidden to take any food, it is allowed to drink only water. On the second day you can stuff liquid porridge. And pay attention to the temperature of food - ideally it should be cool, but certainly not hot. Very many doctors even recommend eating ice cream on the second day after the operation. Such a diet should be kept at least four days. Approximately on the fifth day the operating wound is completely closed. tonsils removal

Possible complications after surgery

In some cases, it is rare enough, but still,Some patients may develop certain postoperative complications. However, this is not at all a cause for concern - modern medicine allows you to cope with these complications absolutely painlessly and in a short time. That is why the first time after surgery a person should spend under medical supervision.

  • Bleeding

After surgery, a person can developbleeding, especially in those patients who suffer from rheumatism. As a rule, the doctor is aware of a possible threat in advance and takes all measures to prevent bleeding. And even in the event that the bleeding does begin, the doctors will easily stop it. Therefore, such bleeding poses absolutely no threat.

  • Lymphadenitis

The second most common complicationis the penetration of pathogenic microflora into the cervical lymph nodes, through the wound operating surface. As a result, the lymph nodes become inflamed, and lymphadenitis develops. The doctor will immediately prescribe a treatment that will get rid of the disease in the shortest possible time. However, despite the fact that this special surgery does not represent any particular danger, it is also not worth using. The operation is an operation, and any outside intervention is the least. It is much more reasonable to observe preventive measures in a timely manner to prevent the development of the disease.

Glands and pregnancy

Talking about a disease like angina,it is impossible not to tell about one interesting feature of this disease. Doctors - gynecologists advise those women who want to become pregnant, but they can not get it, ask for a consultation with an otolaryngologist. Often the most common removal of glands allows a woman to become pregnant very quickly. Doctors explain this surprising fact by the fact that infertility in women can be caused by the presence of a hotbed of chronic infection localized on the glands. Therefore, in the event that you have any problems with conception, do not rush to begin complicated and expensive treatment. To begin, visit the doctor - an otolaryngologist - perhaps, he will be able to solve all your problems. In any case, the decision on the operation should be made by the doctor, on the basis of all the data available to him. Very often it is possible to do with "little blood" - conservative treatment. Of course, conservative methods of treatment can take quite a long time. However, do not try to follow the path of least resistance, asking the doctor to remove your tonsils. Remember that not a single cell in the human body is superfluous, and they all fulfill their role, each of which is important in its own way. We advise you to read: