Teeth baby are always subject toclose attention of all parents. First, parents are looking forward to the first tooth. But time flies imperceptibly - and now my mother and father are just as eagerly looking in the mouth of the baby, waiting for the first milk teeth to fall out. And this question often causes a lot of anxiety and excitement, because someone has milk teeth begin to fall earlier, and someone - later. But in any case, the scheme is standard - the first teeth in children are dairy, changing them to permanent starts at about 6 - 7 years. In order to better understand the principle of changing dairy teeth, let's make a brief excursion into the anatomy. Formation of the rudiments of milk teeth begins during the intrauterine development of crumbs, and from the first weeks of pregnancy. And the rudiments of permanent teeth begin to develop immediately after the appearance of crumbs into the light. This process is very complex and lengthy, adjusted for the individual characteristics of the baby's body. Kits of dairy and permanent teeth are also different. As you know, a person has 32 teeth - 16 upper and the same lower. However, the milk teeth - only 20. As a rule, most often the milk teeth fall out at a time when the permanent ones begin to erupt. Very often parents experience that a child with a change of teeth will begin to experience pain. However, nature is extremely reasonable and ruled out such an opportunity. At the beginning of the process, the rootlets of the baby teeth begin to gradually "dissolve". Having lost roots, the teeth begin to loosen and fall out, without causing the child any special discomfort. And it is this liberated place that is cut and grows a permanent tooth. Most often, teeth change begins with the child's lower jaw. Of course, the child's teeth change gradually - for 6 to 8 years. As already mentioned, this process begins about 7 years, and ends at 14 years. The fluctuations of these terms depend on a variety of factors - genetic predisposition, the diet of the child, the quality of his drinking water. Doctors - dentists even trace the timing of teething from the child's region of residence. And so do not panic if the baby teeth do not hurry to drop out. And, in addition, remember that the change of teeth directly depends on the overall development and growth of the body. And all the diseases that the child has suffered, can also delay the beginning of the change of teeth.
How's it going?
So, we found out that the timing of the change of teeth in allchildren are individual. But the sequence in all cases, except for rare exceptions, is the same. The first permanent "fast" will be the molars - the sixth teeth in the account. And pay attention - milk molars do not happen. As the child's jaw grows, there is a place for these teeth. The timing of the change of teeth is very individual, but the sequence of this process is always the same. The first permanent teeth that you will find in the mouth of your baby are molars, the sixth teeth, if you count from the middle of the jaw. Place for these teeth will appear when the jaw grows, while the appearance of the sixth molars is not associated with the loss of milk teeth. The place for them appears as a result of an increase in the size of the child's jaw. Then the very beginning of the change of the infant teeth begins, which proceeds according to the same scheme as they did erupt. First of all, the incisors loosen and fall out, after them - premolars. The first pair of premolars is replaced about 10 years, and the second - to 12 years. And to 13 are replaced by fangs. By the age of fourteen, second molars appear, and in the last place - third molars - the teeth of "wisdom." Although they, for the sake of justice, need to be noted, appear in adulthood. And even then - they do not appear to all young people. Some people remain "unreasonable". This can happen due to the absence of tooth rudiments. And in some other cases, the tooth simply does not erupt - either because of a lack of space in the jaw, or because of its incorrect position. This is observed very often. Doctors believe that the wise nature has also put it to this. After all, to a greater extent, a modern man, these teeth are no longer needed - we do not eat raw meat.
Care of teeth
Parents should carefully monitor the processcare of the oral cavity. There is nothing particularly difficult in it. At first, after the permanent tooth erupted, its enamel is not sufficiently mineralized, and hence the likelihood of developing caries is also very high. Therefore, care in this period should be particularly careful. First, get the child a fluorine-containing paste. In addition, it is desirable that the child after every meal at least rinsed his mouth with water. This measure will greatly reduce the likelihood that you will need to seek help from a dentist. And pay attention - it is desirable to exclude possible snacks, as they also significantly increase the risk of caries. In the event that the change of teeth is accompanied by severe itching or pain of the gums, or the baby complains of the increased sensitivity of tooth enamel, be sure to show the child to the dentist. The doctor will examine the oral cavity of the child and, if necessary, prescribe a special treatment aimed at strengthening the enamel. And parents should remember about the need to adjust the diet of the child - it should contain as many products with a high calcium content. Moreover, doctors recommend during this period to systematically give the child vitamin-mineral complexes. You can find them by your pediatrician. And in some cases, the doctor, assessing the condition of the child, can decide on the need to take those or other drugs with calcium content.
If the tooth is crooked?
Sometimes parents are distressed that, unlikemilk teeth, the root erupt at random. Why is this happening? The most common cause of this is the slowed down overall development of the child. The jaw of such a baby grows slowly enough. Therefore, permanent teeth, larger than its predecessors, simply do not have enough space. And, as a consequence, they begin to grow at random. In addition, in some cases, the cause of improper growth of teeth is the presence of certain harmful habits. A similar habit can be sucking the tongue, fingers or foreign objects. Therefore, it is necessary to try to wean the child of this as quickly as possible. And in the event that the parents notice that the child has not had interdental intervals by 4 to 5 years, they should show the child as soon as possible to the dentist - orthodontist. Some parents ask the dentist to remove the tooth immediately after it has just begun to stagger. However, you do not need to do this without special need - most often the teeth change is completely painless and unnoticed for the child. But in some cases, a doctor may still need help. Such situations include:
- The position of the tooth
In some cases, the milk tooth can be stronglyinterfere with the eruption of the permanent tooth. And if the milk tooth is not removed, there is a risk that it will consistently grow up incorrectly. It is worth to get rid of such a tooth in time.
- Inflammatory processes
Also with a milk tooth it is necessary to leave inthe doctor's office in the event that he became the culprit in the development of inflammatory processes in the oral cavity. In some cases, without the removal of the tooth, it is not possible to eliminate the inflammation.
- Tenderness of a milk tooth
Also from a tooth it is necessary to get rid in that case,if he excessively shakes and hurts, but does not want to drop out. Such a tooth can deliver a lot of discomfort to a child. In any case, if the change of baby teeth in children is accompanied by some or other problems, you should not risk and wait until the problem resolves itself. However, it is much wiser to seek medical help as soon as possible. After all, at this stage, doctors can do much more than when the child has cut through all the permanent teeth. But you should not worry in advance, "just in case". The change of milk teeth to permanent molars in children, as a rule, proceeds without any complications.
The tooth fell out. What to do?
So, the child had a tooth. What to do in this situation? As a rule, the wound bleeds sufficiently. And many parents are frightened when they see this. However, this is not at all an excuse for panic - there are a lot of small blood vessels in the mouth. But this bleeding does not represent any threat to the health of the child. So calm down - your fear can be passed on to the child. Just stop the bleeding. To do this is very simple - form a napkin from a sterile bandage or gauze and give the child a bite. As a rule, after 3 to 5 minutes, the bleeding will stop. If the bleeding does not stop within 10 minutes - this is cause for concern. Inform your doctor about it to the pediatrician. You may need to give a general blood test. Make sure that the child does not eat or drink for two hours after removing the tooth. From the diet on this day, you must exclude all the bitter, salty and spicy food. It can provoke irritation of the wound and uncomfortable sensations in the child. Very often parents prefer to give the baby a mouthful of hydrogen peroxide. But doctors do not recommend doing this. It is better to rinse the tooth with salt solution every second day after tooth loss. It is prepared simply - heat a glass of water, dissolve in it two tablespoons of salt and add a few drops of iodine. Thoroughly move and cool to a temperature of 37 degrees. And do not forget about the most important thing! Put the tooth for the night under the pillow, so that the tooth fairy brought a gift. Or leave it to your mouse - that's how you like it. Of course, modern children are not as naive as we were. But the child remains a child. And any child believes in a miracle !. We advise you to read: