The crumb was born just recently and all over the world.canons spend most of their time in a sweet dream. However, the crumb for some reason, contrary to the expectations of the parent, periodically bitterly and inconsolably weeps, knocks and groans, and his face expresses simply the universal grief. Parents are struggling to remedy the situation and as soon as possible to calm down the beloved crumb. And for a moment they may think that it was possible - the child calms down. But it takes only a few minutes and again a desperate cry is heard. Neither the nipple nor the mother's breast help. And when the parents are already on the verge of despair, the child suddenly falls asleep. A similar picture is well known to a large number of parents, whose children have already grown up. But the "newly made" mom and dad are very frightened. But this is nothing but an intestinal colic, the symptoms of which are very specific. Unfortunately, in the first few months of life, even in absolutely healthy children, intestinal colic is not that rare. Intestinal colic at this age is a consequence of a functional digestive disorder. This is an absolutely normal phenomenon, which arises from the still insufficient number of digestive enzymes. Ripening of the digestive system occurs by the end of 3 to 4 months of the child's life. And that's why other disorders - flatulence, constipation, diarrhea, regurgitation - also manifest themselves. At its core intestinal colic infants - it spasmodic contractions of intestinal loops, which are provoked by excessive accumulation of gases and their difficult separation. There are several additional factors that can cause intestinal colic in a baby:
- Lactose (milk sugar)
A child's body can often not completelydigest and assimilate milk sugar, which is found both in breast milk and in artificial milk mixtures. This phenomenon is observed in more than half of all babies.
- Introduction of artificial milk mixtures
Unfortunately, not always mothers succeedkeep breastfeeding, and not always for reasons that depend on them. And the introduction of artificial milk formulas very often provokes the development of intestinal colic. Therefore, if you had to inject a mixture, consult a doctor about the brand of food in advance.
- General physiological immaturity of the child's organism
Difficult gases, as well as theirexcessive formation, very often arises because of physiological immaturity. Typically, this is typical for those crumbs that are too much hurried to appear. Or if the child was born with too little weight.
- Binge eating
How trivial it may seem, but abouthalf of all cases, the cause of frequent intestinal colic is the banal overeating of the baby. And it's not surprising - after all, every mother wants the baby to eat well and gain weight. And that's why they sometimes overdo it. It is very important to strictly monitor the size of a serving of crumbs. But pay attention - this applies only to those children who receive an artificial mixture.
- Breaking the diet of a nursing woman
In no case should we lose sight of thisan important point, like a breastfeeding mother's diet. If a woman consumes prohibited foods, the chances of developing intestinal colic in a child are rapidly increasing. Such products include: coffee, cocoa, chocolate, cabbage, legumes, fried, smoked and spicy dishes. More detailed information will be provided by your pediatrician.
- Diseases of internal organs
In some cases - rather rare - appearanceintestinal colic indicates the presence of any internal diseases, or of hormonal disorders. That's why doctors insist on compulsory examination of such crumbs. The doctor will examine the crumbs, give necessary consultations, and if necessary, send the crumb to the narrow specialists for further treatment.
Mom, it hurts!
Let's talk in more detail about those symptoms,which will suggest the presence of the child is the intestinal colic. And although it is difficult to confuse intestinal colic with anything, once again to consider the symptoms of the disease will not be superfluous:
- Strong baby crying
The kid starts to scream suddenly and shrill,as from a severe pain attack. Crying is very specific - from the usual discontent or vagaries of the baby, the parents will distinguish it without any difficulty. Even if they still do not have any experience behind their shoulders. As a rule, crying lasts quite a long time - up to 3-4 hours. In breaks between intestinal colic, the child serenely sleeps. But during the attack of crying, as already mentioned above, to calm the child is almost impossible. Very typical for crying with intestinal colic and time - as a rule, the baby starts to cry in the evening or at night. But, of course, during the day, seizures can also happen.
- Position of the child's body
During intestinal colic, the child occupies a typical position of the body - he presses the legs to the stomach, periodically moves them quite actively, and again presses it.
- Expression of a baby's face
During an attack of intestinal colic, the baby's face is very tense, blushing strongly, and the eyes are squeezed. And such an expression of the face persists until the end of the attack.
Because of the fact that the baby's stomach is piling upa lot of gases, to the touch it is hard and tense. Some parents jokingly compare it to a balloon. IMPORTANT! Remember that neither vomiting, nor diarrhea, nor the higher temperature are symptoms of intestinal colic. And if your crumb has at least one of the above symptoms, show your child to the doctor as soon as possible. If it happens in the evening or at night, do not wait until the morning - call the ambulance immediately.
To my tummy is not sick!
Of course, parents are very much frightened,watching for bouts of the baby. And it's not surprising - it's very hard to look at how your child cries. However, doctors argue that if intestinal colic in newborns is a reaction to food, or a specific feature of the child's body, they do not pose any serious threat to children's health. But, needless to say, in no case can we ignore the child's crying. And it is unlikely that someone will succeed, is it? So let's try to figure out what exactly can help reduce the risk of intestinal colic.
- Correctly we select nipples and small bottles
In the event that your baby getsartificial mixture, pay special attention to the nipples and bottles. There is a special type of "anti-bullet" nipples and bottles. They allow you to correctly regulate the flow of the mixture, depending on the speed of sucking the child. This eliminates the situation in which the child simply chokes and swallows air. But this factor greatly increases the risk of intestinal colic.
- Feeding rules
It is very important how exactly the feeding takes place. Feeding should take place in a relaxed environment so that the child does not get distracted.
- Posture of the baby after feeding
A good preventive measure isa certain position of the body after feeding. Doctors recommend immediately after feeding about 10 minutes to keep the baby in a vertical position. And it is worth doing even if the child falls asleep. It is unlikely that you will wake him.
To the tummies do not hurt
But if the attempt to avoid all the same failed,you can try several ways to ease the baby's condition. All these methods are completely safe for the child, so they can be used without fear. But only in the event that it is reliably known that the child suffers from intestinal colic:
- Carry the child in your arms
During an attack, if the temperature in the roomallows, undress the crumb, take it on the handles and press the tummy to your skin. Doctors say that tactile contact of crumbs with parents at times facilitates his condition. The gases go away much faster, and the baby cries less.
- Tummy massage, exercises
Another way to alleviate a child'sthe time of an attack of intestinal colic is massage of the tummy and gymnastic exercises. Put the crumb on the back, grease the fingers of the hand with baby oil and with a light pressure, start to massage it in a circle, clockwise. After 2-3 minutes, firmly press the baby's legs to the stomach, bending at the knees. Such approaches should be a minimum of 5. When performing all manipulations, remember to use caution.
- Laying the baby on the stomach
In addition to massage and gymnastics for the preventionthe appearance of intestinal colic doctors recommend to regularly spread the child on the stomach. However, in no case put the baby on the stomach in the first half hour after feeding - otherwise there may be strong regurgitation, and sometimes even vomiting. And this is clearly not our goal.
- Warm bath
Very often experienced parents during seizuresIntestinal colic in crumbs resort to the help of a warm bath. Place the baby in warm water, while stroking the crumb on the belly clockwise. However, too much abuse of water procedures is not necessary - as much as 20 minutes. Otherwise, the likelihood of developing nervous excitement of crumbs is very high.
- Warm diaper
There is one secret, tested by dozens of years. Take a flannel diaper, iron it with an iron and attach it to the tummy tart for a few minutes. Be sure to ensure that the diaper is not too hot. Very often such a maneuver helps to completely relieve the attack. But once again draw your attention - this can only be done if the child has intestinal colic. In all other cases, heat with abdominal pain is strictly contraindicated and very dangerous.
- Decoction of fennel
It is very useful in this situation, the broth of dill. It is prepared very simply - place in a thermos 5 grams of dill seeds, fill it with 100 grams of boiling water. To insist it is necessary not less than three hours, then to filter through the gauze cloth. On the day of the crumb should drink about 100 grams of this infusion, previously diluted with children's drinking water. You can also use children's teas with dill or fennel of factory production.
- Flue gas duct
Still our parents have estimated all charm of suchinvention of mankind, as a gas pipe. To great regret, recently they have been harder and harder to find in the pharmacy. But if you can not find the finished tube, you can do it yourself. To do this, purchase a children's enema (No.1) and trim its vault. Be sure to boil it before use. Lubricate the tip with petroleum jelly or boiled sunflower oil and very gently enter the anus approximately three centimeters. During the procedure it is desirable to press the baby's legs to his tummy. The child should remain in this position for about 15 minutes. Very often, such a procedure, performed at the very beginning of an attack, helps to stop it. Both parents and children will be able to sleep peacefully all night.
- Pharmacological agents
There is a fairly large numbervarious medicines. However, you should not repeat the mistakes of many parents and buy the first medicine in the pharmacy only because it helped the child of friends, or was advertised. All medicines should be selected by the doctor, taking into account the individual characteristics of each particular child. That medicine that will help one baby, will be ineffective for another. With the birth of your baby, your new life in the hypostasis of parents is just beginning. And this life is very interesting, full of unexpected discoveries and positive feelings. But there will be many anxieties in it. And intestinal colic in babies is just a drop in the ocean. But in the event that you will have the necessary information, these difficulties will not frighten you. You can easily help your baby. And after a very short time you will smile with a smile about these first fears and worries! We advise you to read: