The most common disease in childrenyounger age is bronchitis. It is an acute inflammation of the bronchial mucosa caused by an infectious agent. This inflammation causes edema of the mucous membrane, as a result of which the diameter of the lumen of the lungs narrows and their patency is impaired. Inflammation in the bronchi causes a disruption of the normal activity of the bronchial glands, and they begin to develop a viscous secret that does not cough badly. Sputum accumulates in the child's airways, makes breathing difficult and causes a painful dry cough.
Symptoms of bronchitis
Thus, bronchitis in children has symptomsthe following: hoarse breathing, abundant sputum or absence of sputum. The child's health worsens, weakness and lethargy appear, and body temperature rises. Often at the beginning of the disease, bronchitis in children appears cold. Acute bronchitis causes cough in the early days of the disease. Bronchitis in children up to a year often quite hard - they have shortness of breath and a frequent obsessive cough of an annoying type, breathing is disturbed. Such a bronchitis is called "obstructive bronchitis." The inner walls of the bronchi are inflamed with bronchitis, are covered with a murky secret, are edematous and have a bright red color. The causes of bronchitis can be viral infections, pathogens, fungi, toxins. The most common are viral bronchitis. The most severe bronchitis are bacterial and fungal. Recently, there has been a spread among children of allergic bronchitis, a consequence of the reaction of the mucosa to the effects of dust, pollen of plants and other allergens. The most favorable for the onset of the disease in children are factors such as dampness, cold, large concentrations of people, passive smoking, nasopharyngeal infections. A prolonged inhalation of tobacco smoke is especially effective on the delicate mucous membrane of the baby. Acute bronchitis in children under 1 year can take place at a fairly high temperature, but more often it only slightly exceeds normal temperature. A pronounced intoxication is almost not observed. Complicated disease course occurs in weakened children and children with malformations of the respiratory tract. Such diseases often provoke chronic bronchitis, which man will suffer the rest of his life. The most dangerous form of bronchitis is bronchiolitis. This is a very serious disease, causing a sharp breathing disorder and oxygen deficiency, which require immediate hospitalization of the child. Symptoms of bronchiolitis are severe shortness of breath, bloating, blue fingernails and blue circles around the lips. At the slightest manifestation of such symptoms, the child should immediately call an ambulance. In young children, bronchitis sometimes occurs hard and is difficult to treat. In general, with proper treatment, the damaged shell of the child's bronchi is restored fairly quickly, the cough disappears, and, within about two weeks, the child completely recovers. Of course, a pediatrician who watches a child should prescribe this treatment. He will be able to correctly determine the state of the child, select the drugs and the type of research needed to treat them, and, if necessary, prescribe antibiotics. However, some measures for the treatment of bronchitis can be done independently.
Bronchitis in children. Treatment
The main methods in the treatment of bronchitis aredestruction of the infection that caused it, elimination of edema of the respiratory tract, decrease in the viscosity of sputum and its removal from the respiratory tract, and reduction of dry cough. Many young parents, suspecting bronchitis in children, how to treat it, the concept is vague. First of all, the child should be protected from hypothermia and dampness and provide him with fresh air. If a child has weakness and lethargy, and the fever has risen, it must be put in bed. If you have hoarseness and cough, you should not talk too much with the child - excessive conversations will cause new coughing attacks and increase hoarseness. As for nutrition, it should be focused on the child's appetite in the first days of the disease and must include fruits, vegetables, juices. Especially important in this period is a plentiful drink. It reduces the density of sputum, which then leaves well, and increases the effectiveness of expectorants. A sick child can be given weak tea, mors, broth, mineral water. No medicines without a doctor's prescription can be used - they can cause side effects that will lead to complication of the disease. Very useful for the child's disease with bronchitis hot foot baths before bed and general warm baths, in which you can add herbs that have anti-inflammatory effect. Such baths are conducted in the absence of high temperatures and allergies to grasses. In bronchitis, the child can put mustard plasters, which are superimposed on both sides of the chest or on the chest and back. They are kept from three to ten minutes. Effective in bronchitis and medical banks that enhance blood circulation and well resorb inflammation. Banks put on the chest and back, bypassing the heart, for fifteen to twenty minutes. Therapeutic inhalations are applied according to the doctor's prescription. For them, as a rule, a special device-inhaler is used. At home, the most convenient and effective are steam inhalations, inhalations with saline solution and inhalations with still mineral water. They well relieve irritation of the bronchial mucosa. Inhalations can be carried out daily.
Bronchitis in children. Treatment with folk remedies
Bronchitis in children folk remedies is also goodtreat. A proven and relatively safe method of such treatment is decoctions and infusions of herbs that remove inflammation of the mucous tunic and promote good expectoration of sputum.
One of the most negative effects of bronchitis, -bronchial asthma in children. To cure a child in this case is quite difficult, antibiotics, as a rule, only take off shortness of breath for a while, and attacks of bronchial asthma, which often occur suddenly, are very dangerous. One of the methods to combat such complications of bronchitis is the use of rye straw: Two hundred grams of straw are steamed in two liters of water, add to the resulting infusion of teaspoon valerian and two tablespoons of alcohol. The resulting mixture is used for inhalation, letting the child breathe in pairs for several minutes. After inhalation, you can put a straw on the baby's chest and hold it for forty minutes. Treatment with folk remedies can be carried out in parallel with the treatment prescribed by the doctor. However, people should be treated with caution: some of them can cause allergic reactions in the child. In general, they are very effective and are a true panacea in the treatment of bronchitis. We advise you to read: