Antipyretics for children - this is the grouppharmacological drugs that are used in the pharmacy the greatest demand. And this is not accidental - seeing a temperature on the thermometer, most parents are frightened, and strives to reduce it all the forces. And they are right - if a child has a fever, this is clear evidence that an inflammatory process is taking place in the body. Or it was based on a viral infection. In 80% of all cases, a rise in body temperature is a consequence of ARI or ARVI. And in other cases - symptoms of more serious diseases. And in this situation, the increased body temperature is nothing more than a protective reaction of the body to pathological processes. Due to the increase in temperature, the multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms stops, and when the temperature rises above 38 degrees, most microbes do not die at all. Simply put, in the event that the disease in the child occurs with an increase in body temperature, its immune system functions quite normally. And what do we, worried parents? Correctly - the mercury column will not have time to pass for a mark of 37 degrees, as they grasp the antipyretic drugs. Doctors also recommend not to bring down the temperature until it is below 38 and 5 degrees. And before that, you can only monitor the baby's condition. First, make sure that the child receives a sufficient amount of fluid. Drink should be warm, and not sour. Be sure to monitor the temperature in the room - the air should be mildly cool and in no case dry. The child's clothing should also be given special attention - do not wrap it up. The baby's skin should be dry and slightly cool. If the crumb begins to sweat, wipe it with a towel soaked in cool water - this will speed up the heat transfer process. However, all these measures are relevant only if the temperature is kept below 39 degrees. After this, it is necessary to take measures aimed at reducing body temperature. However, there are a number of cases in which the temperature must be knocked down earlier - at a figure of 38 degrees:
- Severe diseases of the cardiovascular system
- Diseases of the nervous system
- In the event that the child had previously had subfebrile convulsions
- Age of child under 3 months
- Significant deterioration of the child's well-being
However, doctors are advised not to shoot downtemperature yourself, and immediately call a doctor at home. Normally, all antipyretic therapy should be performed only on the prescription of a pediatrician and under his sensitive control. Even the most harmless antipyretic drugs can lead to very serious complications. For example, numerous studies have shown that those children who have been taking aspirin systematically at the age of 3 years are much more at risk of developing bronchial asthma for years to 6. That's why carefully approach the issue of choosing antipyretic agents and do not use them without special need . And we will help you to cope with this difficult task. Although, of course, it will be much better to consult a pediatrician.
Choose a medicine
Unfortunately, there is not a single pharmacologicalantipyretic drug, which would be absolutely harmless to children's health. All of them represent a potential threat to the health of the child, as they can lead to the development of various complications. However, different antipyretic drugs have an unequal level of danger. To date, the most antipyretic antipyretic agents contain paracetamol. A single dose of such a drug can reduce the temperature of the child for several hours. However, with high temperature figures, unfortunately, the effect of drugs is very short-lived. Paracetamol is available in a variety of forms - effervescent powders, tablets, syrups and rectal suppositories. In our pharmacies the most popular such antipyretic drugs for children, as "kalpol", "panadol", "efferalgan." When choosing, you need to focus on the form of the drug. The next most popular and safe antipyretic drug is Ibuprofen. It is sold under the names "ibufen" and "nurofen". This drug reduces the temperature more efficiently and quickly than paracetamol. However, unfortunately, ibuprofen has much more side effects than paracetamol. Pay attention - doctors do not recommend this drug to children under 12 months. Once again I would like to advise paying special attention to the form of release of the medicine - it is easier for babies to give liquid medications in the form of a syrup, and it is digested in this form much more efficiently. And for very young children it is better to give preference to rectal suppositories - they are much more convenient.
How correctly to knock down temperature?
It's time to talk about how toto apply those or other antipyretic drugs. As already mentioned above, all medicines can lead to the development of certain side effects. Therefore, always observe a few simple safety rules:
- Instructions for use
Always carefully read the instructions forthe use of a pharmacological drug. And do this even if this drug is given to your child not the first time. And be sure to keep the instruction-it can be needed at any time.
- Intended use
Remember that paracetamol can be usedonly as an antipyretic. Despite the fact that paracetamol is widely positioned as an anesthetic drug, doctors do not recommend using it for anything other than lowering the temperature. And then - only if the child's body temperature exceeds 39 degrees.
- Age of child
Remember that it is unacceptable to give paracetamol to children under the age of three months without first consulting a pediatrician.
- Dosage of the medicine
Strictly observe the age-related dosage. In no case do not exceed it and do not give the child the next dose just for prevention. The systematic use of antipyretic drugs at times increases the risk of complications.
- Compatibility of drugs
Do not forget that you can not give a childAny antipyretics in the event that he receives antibacterial drugs. This is possible only on the prescription of the doctor and under his strict control. After you gave the child an antipyretic agent, carefully observe his condition for the next hour. If you notice that the child's cheeks have turned red and the handles and legs are cold, immediately call an ambulance. Before they arrive, carefully rub the baby's skin with hands and feet, water with warm tea. And pay attention to another very important point - never give your child antipyretics if he has a stomach ache. In this case, it is possible to skip the onset of such a serious disease as appendicitis. It is much more sensible to show the child to the doctor as soon as possible.
What antipyretic drugs can not be given?
In principle, the answer to this question arises from the wholeabove information. All those antipyretic drugs that do not contain ibuprofen and paracetamol are not suitable for lowering the temperature in a child. Remember the following drugs and never give them to your child:
- Acetylsalicylic acid
All these drugs can lead to suchcomplications, such as the development of ulcerative lesions of the gastric mucosa, gastric and intestinal bleeding, acute renal failure. For example, the use of acetylsalicylic acid in children can provoke the development of Reye's syndrome - a severe renal failure, in which a fatal outcome is observed in 50% of all cases. Analgin also very often causes serious disruption of the normal functioning of the hematopoietic system. In addition, the likelihood of a drop in body temperature below 35 degrees is very high. And this condition is also very dangerous both for the health of the child and for his life. Therefore, do not risk your child's health. It is much safer to call a doctor who will choose an effective antipyretic agent for children that does not harm the health of crumbs.