With problems of female infertility and impossibilitygestation, unfortunately, many today are familiar not by hearsay. This can be seen by looking at any forum dedicated to women's health. And did you know that the causes of almost all types of infertility and other women's problems are often associated with violations that occurred in the girl's body in childhood and early adolescence? Such violations include, for example,
Hyperplasia of the uterus
This is one of the varieties of hormonal dysfunction, that is, a malfunction in the hormonal system. The reasons for this violation can be:
- First, the disruption of the hypothalamus of the brain department, which is responsible for the activity of all the endocrine glands in the body) or,
- Secondly, hypofunction (decreased activity) of the ovaries producing female sex hormones.
As a result of these disorders in the bodytoo small a number of female sex hormones. As a result, the growth of the uterus and other genital organs is delayed. What factors can provoke hyperplasia of the uterus?
The form of the hypoplastic uterus is divided into three types, depending on when the development stopped:
- fetal, or embryonic
- infantile, or children's
One of the main symptoms of uterine hyperplasia -violation of the menstrual cycle. Therefore, if the girl in 15-16 years old did not have the first menstruation, or the monthly ones come irregularly and are painful, too abundant or, on the contrary, scanty parents should pay attention to it and show the daughter to the gynecologist-endocrinologist. Many women are worried about whether pregnancy is possible with uterine hypoplasia. The question to the doctor on this topic is often asked both in gynecological rooms, and on medical websites on the Internet. As a rule, doctors respond as follows: "Pregnancy in uterine hypoplasia, if only it has not stopped in development at the embryonic stage, is possible. But before long a long course of treatment will be required. " With a small underdevelopment of the uterus, physiotherapy procedures and the use of vitamins are sufficient. However, in most cases, you still have to turn to the help of hormones - because the cause of uterine hypoplasia lies precisely in hormonal disorders. Sometimes the cause of problems with bearing pregnancy is hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of the cervix. If the normal cervix has a cylindrical shape, then with hypoplasia it retains the shape of a cone, as in girls. Hypoplasia of the cervix does not prevent the onset of pregnancy, but it can become a serious obstacle to her bearing, due to the appearance of so-called ischemic-cervical insufficiency, that is, muscle weakness at the junction of the cervix with her body (from istmus - isthmus, cervix - cervix ). Too weak muscles are unable to keep the ever-hardening fetus, which gradually descends lower and lower. Thus, pregnancy with cervical hypoplasia can result in miscarriage at a period of 20 to 30 weeks. Isthmiko-cervical insufficiency is very insidious - very often it proceeds absolutely asymptomatically.
Increased viscosity of the cervical canal
This is another common cause of infertility,which can lead to inflammatory and infectious diseases, untreated in childhood and adolescence. The cervical canal is the transition from the vagina to the cervix. The thick secret filling the canal, blocks the spermatozoa for a long time into the uterine cavity. Only for two to three days, in the period of maximum activity of estrogens, its viscosity decreases. At this time here, in the cervical canal, spermatozoons pass a kind of "exam" - after all, only the most mobile and viable can overcome it. But with pathologically increased viscosity, the secret to pass into the uterus cavity fails - alas, not a single sperm ...
Bending of the uterus
The cause of this pathology may be a weakeningthe tone of the ligaments supporting the uterus, after pregnancy. But, unfortunately, this problem often "grows" from childhood or a stormy youth. To such trouble can lead, for example, excessive lifting of weights, extreme jumps with a strong concussion of the body - especially during menstruation, when the uterus becomes filled with blood and can be quite heavy. To the bend of the uterus can lead platypodia, chronic constipation, and sometimes even a delay in urination. Why is this pathology dangerous? First of all, because it is very rarely accompanied by any expressed symptoms, but it creates serious obstacles for the onset of pregnancy. However, for some women, the bending of the uterus is only one of the variants of the norm.
This disease is caused by the mosta variety of hormonal disorders. The first "transgressor" is often the pituitary gland - the main endocrine gland in our body, which directs the work of all other organs that produce hormones. How dangerous is this pathology? First of all, the fact that it arises usually unnoticeably, and just as imperceptibly flows. Often, polycystosis begins to develop in very young girls, immediately after the appearance of menstruation and manifests "just" an increase in the menstrual cycle. Monthly may not be for two or three months, or even longer. But not always a girl will pay attention to such a trifle. At this time it is more occupied with study, communication with friends and friends, the first love ... Usually a young woman remembers her health only when it becomes clear her inability to become pregnant.
Is polycystosis possible?
The doctors clearly answer this question: yes. Polycystic ovary often very successfully treated with hormonal drugs. If hormone therapy does not bring the desired results, ovarian cysts are surgically removed. The problem is one: this operation gives the result only for a few months, sometimes for a year. If you are lucky, this time can be quite enough to get pregnant and safely endure the baby. During pregnancy, a woman should be very careful and bear in mind that polycystosis is fraught with such troubles as a threat of miscarriage, frozen pregnancy or premature birth. However, many women with such a diagnosis quite successfully nurtured and gave birth to a healthy baby. We advise you to read: