Pregnancy is the most joyful, but at the same timetime and the most exciting period in the life of any woman. Well, why it is joyful - it's easy to guess. But why is it the most exciting? Yes, because there are plenty of reasons for the excitement of the future mother. And not by accident - not only that the future mother should protect the crumb from all negative influences from the outside, so your own organism can rebel. It's sad, but the fact is - so many pregnant women face a variety of diseases. And this is quite understandable. In order for the body not to make attempts to reject, the work of the immune system decreases. This process is absolutely natural and necessary for the normal course of pregnancy. However, this medal, like any other, has two sides. And the second is far from as positive as the first. Because of the decrease in the immune system, a pregnant woman very often faces a variety of diseases. For example, cystitis in pregnancy is a very common phenomenon. Moreover, it is cystitis - the main sign of a decrease in immunity. According to gynecologists, cystitis and pregnancy are old "sworn" friends. More than half of all future mothers face this disease. And those women who, before pregnancy, experienced what cystitis is, are at risk of developing cystitis at this critical period of their life is much stronger than everyone else. Strictly speaking, every future mother has a chance to get cystitis, so it is very important to get all possible information regarding cystitis.
Causes of developing cystitis during pregnancy
Let's first find out what is becomingcause of development of cystitis during pregnancy. After all, he can not, in fact, appear from scratch. Of course, it is simply impossible to list and provide for all provoking factors. But the most common of them to know yet you need:
- Chronic cystitis occurring before a woman's pregnancy
As already mentioned above, those women whowere ill with cystitis - especially in chronic form - are much more likely to exacerbate the disease while waiting for the baby. And for the first time cystitis will remind of itself at the earliest stages of pregnancy. Although despair is still not worth it - the likelihood of the disease is not yet a guarantee that the disease will inevitably overtake you. Prevention of cystitis in most cases allows you to avoid personal acquaintance with this disease. And to begin to carry out this prophylaxis it is necessary, naturally, at the earliest stages of pregnancy.
- Changing the hormonal background
During pregnancy, the hormonal background of a womanchanges radically, and as a result - the microflora of the vagina is disturbed. Most often this occurs in the early stages of pregnancy. Add here, and reduced immunity - formed a very favorable soil for the development of acute cystitis. By the way, pay special attention to a small, but important nuance. As you know, cleanliness is the guarantee of health. But in the event that the purity is too much, health will also be exposed to a certain threat. In this case we are talking about the purity of the sex organs. Of course, hygiene is extremely important, but too frequent washing, and even with improper means, also in almost all cases - sooner or later - leads to the very imbalance of microflora. During pregnancy, the amount of secret produced by the sexual organs of a woman increases. And women start to wash more often, thereby breaking the microflora and provoking the development of cystitis. Of course, no one says that hygiene is bad. However, do not abuse soap, gels and other products - just wash yourself with water, or use wet napkins.
Diagnosis of the disease
In order to prescribe cystitis treatment forpregnancy, which will save the future mother from the problem, it is necessary to diagnose the disease correctly and in time. For modern medicine, this is easy. First, the doctor is based on complaints of a pregnant woman. In addition, a number of specific studies will be assigned to a woman:
- Urinalysis - both general and Nechiporenko
- Bacteriological culture of urine, which is necessary to identify pathogens.
- PCR is a diagnosis that will help to eliminate the majority of known infections.
In the event that the analysis of urine shows upa large number of leukocytes, and even more so if pathogenic microorganisms (gonococci, staphylococcus, streptococcus and others) are found, the doctor can confidently assume the presence of a woman with cystitis. In addition, the doctor will probably prescribe a study to determine whether a woman has a problem such as vaginal dysbiosis. After all, he, as already mentioned above, often becomes the main culprit in the subsequent development of cystitis. If the dysbacteriosis is detected, the doctor will prescribe the necessary treatment, which allows to correct this problem. In addition, we can not do without ultrasound examination of all organs of the small pelvis without exception. This measure is necessary in order to find out whether cystitis is just a concomitant disease of any more serious pathology. Many mothers are afraid of such a study, but in vain - for the child it is absolutely safe. If necessary, if on the basis of all the above methods, it is not possible to diagnose the disease reliably, the doctor can prescribe such studies as cystography or cystoscopy. They can reveal pathological changes in the structure of the bladder - tumors, deformities, the presence of sand and stones, the extent of the spread of the inflammatory process. These studies are the most reliable and help diagnose the disease. In no case do not abandon the proposed survey. Otherwise, the disease may go unnoticed. It would be erroneous and irresponsible to rely only on the symptoms of cystitis. First, during pregnancy, cystitis can be completely asymptomatic - a woman simply does not notice the existing problem. By the way, this is one of the reasons why doctors require that a future mother give a general urine test so often. It is commonly believed that this is done solely for one purpose - to determine the presence of protein in the urine. However, in fact, in addition to protein, laboratory assistants are also looking for leukocytes, and pathogenic microflora. After all, the sooner a cystitis is detected, the easier it is to treat it. In addition, in a number of cases, there may be various other diseases that have symptoms similar to those of cystitis. For example, frequent and painful urination is also characteristic for kidney diseases - for example, for pyelonephritis. And only a detailed examination will help to establish an ailment. In addition, often frequent urination is associated only with an enlarged tummy that presses on the bladder. And acute cystitis does not matter. By the way, about the symptoms. What are the symptoms of the disease? Typically, this is:
- Increased urination
When the bladder gets pathogenicmicroflora and begins to develop a pathological inflammatory process, the body does its best to help yourself - to wash the infection out of the body. As a result, the urge to urinate begins to appear more and more often. This is the very first sign. But do not forget that in a pregnant woman, in any case, the amount of urination is much greater - therefore the symptom is only indirect. Especially the first and last 10 weeks of pregnancy. In the early stages, in the first 10 weeks, urination appears due to a sharp change in the hormonal background. And in the last 10 weeks - because of the pressure of the uterus on the bladder.
- False urge to urinate
During the period of cystitis, a person oftenhas a false urge to urinate. A woman feels that she wants to go to the toilet, but no urination. And during cystitis such false desires can arise so often that practically deprive the future mother of rest. This symptom for cystitis is the most typical.
- Pain and burning during urination
Another sign is the process of urination. During cystitis presents certain difficulties. The sick person feels strong pain, pain and burning, especially at the very end of urination. For a future mother, every trip to the toilet will be a real torture. A sad prospect, therefore, having noticed a similar sign, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Treatment of cystitis in pregnancy
In no case should you ignore the symptomscystitis. Although, in fairness, it should be noted that cystitis during pregnancy brings so much discomfort that it is almost impossible to tolerate it. However, treatment should be literate and timely - to completely get rid of the disease, and not just eliminate this or that symptom. Otherwise, cystitis in pregnant women will take a chronic form of the flow. And cystitis for the future mother is far from the best friend and companion. Cystitis can provoke a number of complications - including premature and difficult births. It is not worth worrying about the child, because he will not suffer anyway. But my mother will have a hard time - very often, in the absence of timely and proper treatment, bacteria on the ureters go up, thereby provoking kidney pathologies. And they can be very acute - without hospitalization in this case is unlikely to manage. So acute cystitis in pregnant women is not such a trifle as it seems. So, the fact that cystitis is necessary is obvious. How to treat acute cystitis in pregnancy? Exclusively under strict medical supervision. However, unfortunately, even doctors often make mistakes when prescribing medications. Most often, doctors, as a matter of habit, prescribe drugs that are standard for the treatment of cystitis. And they are often contraindicated during pregnancy. And they still treat acute cystitis ... More precisely, they are trying to cure. Therefore, as they say, rely on the god, but he is not bad - before applying this or that drug, be sure to carefully study the liner. And in the event that you find pregnancy on the list of contraindications, do not be shy - immediately tell your doctor about it. Cystitis during pregnancy can be cured without these medications. Strictly speaking, during pregnancy, you should not take any medications at all. Even the safest drug taken by a future mother falls into the baby's body. And it is difficult to predict how the reaction to one or another drug will react. Fortunately, many women are well aware of this and try to avoid taking medications. But there is one more - no less common - mistake. The future mother of medicine, appointed by a doctor, does not accept. Naturally, cystitis continues to bother her. And she hopes to cure cystitis with the help of various means of traditional medicine - in particular herbs. However, this method of treatment is a very serious danger. Many herbs, even the most curative, during pregnancy are strictly contraindicated for women - their effect on the body is very negative. This is due to the fact that many herbs contain substances that can interfere with the normal course of pregnancy - cause miscarriage or premature birth. Hardly anyone decides to risk the life of their baby, right? And with the help of herbs to treat the acute form of the disease is useless - they are effective only if a person has chronic cystitis. A chronic cystitis - a slightly unpleasant prediction. Therefore, it is necessary to start treating the disease at the very beginning of the disease. Because it is in the case, if you treat cystitis in the beginning, the risk of developing a chronic form of the disease is minimal. So what do you do? First, calm down. It is known that there are no hopeless situations. To date, there is an excellent scheme - the treatment of cystitis in pregnant women by instillation of the bladder. The essence of this treatment is to administer directly to the bladder of a sick woman medicines designed to eliminate the pathogenic microflora and eliminate the inflammatory process. Of course, such a procedure can lead to certain uncomfortable sensations. But, firstly, they last a very short time. And secondly, the benefits are so obvious that it is worthwhile to suffer. After all, drugs penetrate directly into the bladder, which means that it does not enter the baby's body. And any consequences are excluded, since the effect of drugs is minimal. And the result will be noticeable already on the second day after the beginning of treatment - all unpleasant symptoms will disappear instantly. Several of the following procedures will eliminate the inflammatory process, strengthen the walls of the bladder, restore the mucosa. We advise you to read: