Poland is an ancient Catholic state withrich in history. This country attracts tourists with ancient churches, picturesque nature and numerous historical monuments. The relatively small territory of the republic has successfully accommodated seaside towns, ski resorts, historical sites of international importance and simply indescribable beauty of national parks. Each corner of the country is unique in its own way. If you want to explore all the sights of Poland, then you will need to spend a lot of time getting to know her.
Getting to know the country - proud Warsaw
The main attraction of the republicdeservedly considered its capital - Warsaw. Almost every tourist begins acquaintance with the country from this city. In its more than 800-year history, Warsaw managed to visit the hands of Germans, Russians and French. This left its imprint in the external appearance of the Polish capital. Among the architectural monuments of the city, the most remarkable cathedrals, castles of the Middle Ages and luxurious palaces of Polish monarchs are particularly notable. Two world wars did not bypass Warsaw and most of its sights were destroyed. However, architects and historians managed to restore almost all the ancient buildings of Warsaw, and they are open today for a visit. The heart of Warsaw can be called the Castle Square, located in the Old Town. On its eastern side rises the Royal Castle, which served as the residence of Polish kings since 1596. The sign of the square is the column of Sigismund, established in 1644 in honor of the King of the Commonwealth Sigismund III Vaza. Walking through Warsaw, you should visit the famous Market Square, imbued with the spirit of the Middle Ages. Its original color is made up of ancient architectural buildings, numerous shopping bazaars and tiny cafes, where you can relax while watching street musicians and artists. The sights of the Polish capital are medieval Barbican, Belvedere, Wilanów and Presidential palaces, St. John's Cathedral, St. Anne's Church, the Chopin Museum, the National Museum, the famous University of Warsaw. Tired of the bustling metropolitan streets, you can retire and enjoy nature in the beautiful park of Lazienki, whose main attraction is the Palace on the water, built in the style of classicism with Baroque elements. The alleys of the park are decorated with sculptures of famous cultural and historical figures, the central place among which is the statue of Chopin. The lawn in front of the monument to the composer serves as a venue for concerts of classical music.
Royal Krakow - the pride of the state
Krakow - no less famous city of Poland,performing in the XIV-XVII centuries the functions of the capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Until the 18th century, the crowning of all Polish monarchs took place in Krakow. Today this city is the largest historical and cultural monument in the country. Getting acquainted with Krakow follows from the Gothic Wawel Castle, which used to be the seat of the royal residence. The first buildings of this structure belong to the XI century, the castle was rebuilt in the XIV century for the Polish King Jagiello and his wife Jadwiga. During its history, a lot of royal families lived in it. The palace of Wawel was repeatedly rebuilt and restored, thanks to which it was preserved for our contemporaries. Walking along the narrow streets of Krakow, you can endlessly enjoy the splendor of medieval churches and palaces of different eras. By the beginning of the XVI century, the construction of one of the most famous sights of Krakow - the Palace of Bishop Erasmus Ziolek. The central entrance to the castle is crowned with the coat of arms, which shows the royal eagle and the letter "S", denoting the initial letter of the name of the Polish king Sigismund I of the Old. After the death of Tsiopeka, the palace passed into the possession of bishops and cardinals until in the XIX century it was finally ruined and partially destroyed. Thanks to the restoration work begun in 1999, it was possible to restore the architectural details of the castle. Today the building is part of the National Museum of Krakow, among its exhibits there is a gallery of Galician Orthodox iconography, a statue of the Virgin Mary, an epitaph from the Bishop of Vezhbent and other expositions centuries old. Krakow's business card can be called the Market Square, which is a large number of medieval colorful buildings. The main buildings of the market square are the Marysky Church, where from the window of the signal tower a gilded pipe plays every hour, playing the sounds of Heinul, and a 70-meter medieval tower in which the city hall once housed. In the square there is a 100-meter trading hall Sukennice, built in the middle of the 14th century. The first floor of the hall is occupied by various souvenir shops, and on the second floor there is the People's Museum, in which art exhibits of Polish painters and sculptors are collected. Do not forget that in Krakow is one of the oldest higher educational institutions in the world - the Jagiellonian University. In its Gothic building, built in 1400, today is a museum dedicated to the history of the institution.
Unforgettable Wroclaw and Gdansk
In the Polish city of Wroclaw, you can see a lotinteresting sights. The most popular place for tourists is the Old Town, located on several islands, connected by more than a hundred bridges. In Wrocław, many ancient architectural buildings in the Baroque, Gothic and Art Nouveau style have been preserved. The most notable buildings of the Old City are St. John's Cathedral, Market Square and buildings built during the Renaissance. Noteworthy is that the entire city center is decorated with figures of dwarfs. Gnomes are everywhere: at the bank, near the dental clinic, on the lamppost, on the motorcycle. Walking around the city, you can count a few dozen figures of these fabulous creatures. And Wroclaw attracts tourists with numerous music and theater festivals that regularly take place on its lands. On the shores of the Baltic Sea lies Gdansk - a famous Polish spa town. In addition to the sea coast, Gdansk is interesting to its guests with a lot of architectural attractions, most of which is located on the territory of the Old Town. Here you can see Europe's largest brick church St. Mary's Church, the entrance to the ancient city of the Royal Route, the town hall of the Renaissance, the Golden House, the fountain of Neptune. Having visited the Maritime Museum, popular among the guests of the city, one can consider the unique construction of the Zhurav, built in the 15th century. In the old days, it was part of a defensive tower, a city gate and a huge port crane.
Awful pages of history - Auschwitz
There is a provincial town in the south of Poland,who witnessed the innocent death of 1.5 million people (mostly Jews) during World War II. It's about Auschwitz, a city that, during the Nazi occupation, was a concentration camp for millions of people. In 1967, the museum complex Auschwitz-Birkenau was opened on the territory of the former concentration camp. His blood-drenched exposures force visitors to reconsider their values and think about such a thing as the fate of a person. Begins acquaintance with the museum from the gate, above which the inscription "Labor frees." Millions of Nazi prisoners passed through the gate into the embrace of death during the war. On the territory of the museum there were preserved brick buildings, in which prisoners of war were killed or cruel experiments were conducted over them. Separately you can see the exposition with the lists of the dead in the walls of the camp, with their photos and farewell letters. Near the wall of death, where thousands of people were shot in 1941-1943, candles are constantly burning. The most terrible sight of the museum complex is the gas chamber, in which hundreds of thousands of people were killed with the help of gas "Cyclone B", and a crematorium with black walls from soot. Despite the sad past, Auschwitz continues to live. The city is a large Jewish center, consisting of a synagogue, a museum and an educational institution. In the old part of the city you can see several ancient churches and the ruins of an old castle.
Picturesque places in Poland - lakes, mountains and forests
In the southern part of the coastal seaside stretchesThe land of thousands of lakes, more commonly known as Mazury, where one-fourth of the country's water resources are concentrated. Here you can perfectly relax from the hustle and bustle of bustling cities and enjoy nature. The region is very popular not only among tourists, but also among fishermen, yachtsmen and kayakers. Here is the famous water route "Great Mazurian Lakes". Lovers of medieval architecture will not be bored resting in Mazury, since there are ancient Teutonic fortresses, ancient churches and castles on this land. During the war, Hitler's Wolfschanze rate was located here, which is now open to visitors. The Polish Tatras are part of the Carpathian Mountains, they are on the border between Slovakia and Poland. On their peaks all year round there is snow, which attracts fans of mountain skiing. The total length of well-equipped tracks exceeds 250 km. In addition to the snow slopes in the Tatra Mountains there are many fascinating lakes and waterfalls. In the mountains there is a large number of wild animals and birds (brown bears, lynxes, chamois, eagles). To protect the local fauna here was created the National Park Tatras, under the protection of UNESCO. The main transport hub of the mountain range is the city of Zakopane, located at the foot of the Tatras, where tourists can stop for the night and rest before conquering the snow peaks. Talking about the sights of Poland, we can not fail to mention the Belovezhskaya Pushcha, famous throughout Europe for its untouched forests and bison, freely roaming freely. The total area of the Pushcha exceeds 1250 square kilometers. km, it includes the Belovezhsky National Park. It is believed that the fauna of Belovezhskaya Pushcha is an exact copy of the primeval forests of this region. Here grow hornbeam, alder, oak, birch, linden, fir, pine, ash, maple, wild apple, elm and ash. The hornbeam occupies the dominant position among all trees in the Belovezhskaya Pushcha, it grows on the third part of the square. In addition to Belovezhsky, in Poland are located the Narva, Biebrza National Parks and the Park of Knyshinskaya Pushcha. Among the sights of the republic a special place is occupied by the Wieliczka salt mines - an underground nine-level city located in the northern part of the Carpathians. The extraction of salt has been going on continuously for many centuries. Copies are decorated with salt statues, galleries and many artificial lakes. In the endless labyrinths there are a large number of caves, ventilation shafts, purification chambers. It is noteworthy that to this day at the depth of 100 m in the mines balls are held. The high content of salt in the air has a beneficial effect on the human respiratory system, so in one of the mines is a real medical sanatorium. A very popular place among visitors to the mines is the St. Anthony chapel, in which all the decor elements are made of salt. Recently, more and more newlyweds express a desire to be married precisely in this chapel. It is impossible to list all Polish sights. Each locality here is unique. A small provincial town of Torun is known for its semi-ruined Teutonic castle, dating from 1231. Having visited Białystok, you can take a picture against the background of the most beautiful White Church. In Kournik, a 15th-17th century castle, belonging to the family of Gurko's magnates, was preserved. Częstochowa is famous throughout the Catholic world in that it houses a famous shrine - the icon of Our Lady of Częstochowa. In Poland there are 40 health resorts (Kudowa-Zdrój, Krynica, Duszniki-Zdrój, Shavnica and others), where almost all diseases can be cured. As you can see, traveling through Polish lands will not leave indifferent any person, because there is an occupation for everyone.