cervical erosion A very common female diseaseis the erosion of the cervix. This diagnosis is put almost every second woman. The consequences of this disease can be very different, sometimes even deplorable. Under erosion is meant a certain defect on the surface of the mucous tissues of the cervix uteri. This defect can be represented in the form of small wounds and sores. It often happens that erosion is noticeable to the naked eye. The doctor can see small redness and wounds in the uterine cavity during examination. In neglected condition, wounds can increase in size to 2-3 cm. It is important to know that erosion is considered a benign cervical cavity formation. In an unoccupied condition, this disease does not present any serious threats to women's health, but if the problem is negated and treatment is neglected, it can lead to terrible consequences and to hit the patient himself for any woman - for reproductive function. diagnosis of the disease

Cervical erosion: consequences, causes, diagnosis, treatment

Why does this problem occur? What is the impetus for its appearance? And how to treat this disease? The reasons for the appearance of such a disease on the surface of the cervix can be very different. So, in medicine, erosion is divided into 2 types. It can be both congenital and acquired. Congenital erosion is called pseudo-erosion and looks like some velvety reddening. This pathology is characteristic of those women who have a high level of progesterone in the blood. This kind of erosion is considered rare enough. Acquired erosion is considered a defect in the mucous membrane of the uterine cavity, which can be represented as ulcers and wounds. Outwardly this defect looks like a red spot among healthy tissue. The causes of the acquired erosion of the cervix can be completely different. Very often, the cause is transmitted sex diseases (STDs), among which may be chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, genital herpes virus, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and others. Each of these diseases has a number of inherent pronounced symptoms. All these diseases are transmitted from one partner to another. Sometimes the cause of erosion are bacterial diseases, among them candidiasis and vaginosis. Mechanical damage to the cervix during childbirth, abortion and gross sexual intercourse can also cause erosion. Very vulnerable to erosion are girls and women who have permanent hormonal disorders and irregular menstruation. The early onset of sexual activity, the frequent change of sexual partners and the weakened immune system - all this can only provoke the appearance of erosion. symptoms of cervical erosion

Symptoms of erosion in the uterus

As a rule, such cervical diseaseis asymptomatic, which can lead to a neglected form of the disease. To detect erosion, it is not necessary to undergo any non-standard procedures, it is enough just to visit a gynecologist who will examine you and give you an opinion. Externally, erosion looks like a small area of ​​velvety mucous membrane of red color. The gynecologic probe can easily damage this site, as a result of which it will begin to bleed. There are cases when erosion can be discerned and independently, simply by inserting into the vagina a gynecological mirror. One of the first symptoms that signal the erosion may be abnormal discharge from the vagina of white color. Do not confuse leucorrhoea with mucus. In the normal state, the secretions have a translucent milky color, and there are few of them. If you began to observe that the amount of secretions increased significantly, their color changed, and the secretions themselves acquired an unpleasant smell - all this is a serious reason for going to the doctor. To establish an accurate diagnosis, the doctor may perform a calcoscopy. Before proceeding directly to the treatment of erosion of the cervix, it is necessary to pass many analyzes, the results of which will help determine the most correct and effective way to treat this disease. Among such tests, blood flow from the veins to determine the presence of chlamydia, genital herpes, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, gardnerel, syphilis, hepatitis C and B, HIV, etc. In addition, it will be necessary to take a swab from the vagina to the flora, to sow microflora on the vaginal bacteria to detect or eliminate dysbiosis. Sometimes a biopsy is required.

Treatment of erosion in the cervical cavity

Like any disease, erosion can be treatedtraditional way, as well as folk remedies. Before you start self-treatment with folk medicine, be sure to talk with your gynecologist. Such treatment is permissible only in the event that there are no serious contraindications, the erosion is small enough and there are no concomitant diseases. Traditional treatment can be presented in different forms. For example, medication is sometimes appropriate. It is effective in eliminating all the inflammatory processes that occur in the cervical cavity. Treatment of this disease with the help of drugs can be independent (which is ineffective) or complex. If erosion has occurred due to infectious or bacterial diseases, it is appropriate to prescribe an antibacterial course of treatment. Do not forget that the treatment should be carried out for both partners, otherwise it will simply be inconclusive. Another method of treatment is also practiced, which is called cryodestruction, otherwise freezing erosion. This method of treatment is carried out using liquid nitrogen, which is delivered directly to the affected area of ​​the cervix. As a result of this procedure, erosion cells are frozen, and then die off, while healthy cells are not damaged in any way. A huge advantage of this method of treatment is its painlessness and lack of blood, which has a positive effect on the condition and health of the cervix after treatment. On the surface of the cervix, no scars are formed and no deformation occurs.

Other methods and methods of treatment of the disease

Treatment of the disease is possible by lasercauterization. This method in medicine is called laser coagulation. This method of treatment is considered sparing. The laser beam penetrates to the required depth and removes only the affected tissue cells. Healthy cells do not suffer in any way, scarring as a result does not remain. There is also such a method of treatment as moxibustion of erosion. In medicine, this method is called diathermocoagulation. This method of treatment of the disease involves cauterization of affected areas of the mucous membrane of the cervix by means of an electric current charge. As a result of this method of treatment, a cicatrix is ​​formed on the surface of the cervix, which can adversely affect the childbearing function. With the exception of this nuance, this method is considered very effective. The newest in the field of medicine and gynecology is considered the radio wave method of erosion treatment. It consists in the direct action of radio waves on the affected parts of the mucous tissue. This method is painless and effective. After treatment in this way, the surface of the cervix is ​​restored quickly enough. It is worth noting that this method of erosion treatment is not practiced everywhere. Regardless of which way to treat erosion education will be chosen, it is necessary initially to pass a number of tests and undergo examinations. Very often, the fear of erosion treatment leads to infertility. A gynecologist should visit a doctor at least once or twice a year. A very important role is played by how personal hygiene is observed. During the menstrual cycle, you should wash yourself as often as possible, at least 2 times a day. Do not neglect your sex life, the regular change of sexual partners only negatively affects women's health. As a result, the microflora of the vagina changes, and the risk of erosion only increases. Try to avoid artificial termination of pregnancy. Abortions only harm the female body, injure the uterine cavity, which can lead to erosion.

What can lead to untreated erosion?

As is known, erosion creates idealconditions for the development of pathogenic bacteria, which as a result can lead to various diseases. All these diseases can lead to infertility, because erosion is the strongest barrier to normal fertilization of the egg. It is worth knowing that from benign education erosion can develop into a malignant, that is, contribute to the onset of cervical cancer. To avoid such serious consequences, erosion should be treated early. Do not neglect your health.