As everyone probably understands, one of the mandatoryactivities in the care of plants - this is their regular inspection. Then you will be able to detect diseases of indoor plants or their pests in time. And this is very important, because a timely and noticeable diseased plant will not have time to infect the neighbors. Running the same cases will require chemical methods of struggle. Many houseplants are rather unpretentious. But if you do not pay any attention to them, even the most hardy of them will stop growing. If you follow certain rules, then taking care of indoor plants does not require much effort and time from you. But your pets, responding to your care, will please you with abundant flowering and dense crown.
Your plants look rancid, looksick? Do the leaves of indoor plants become stained or yellow? Find out what causes cause diseases of indoor plants, cause wilting and drying leaves, and then eliminate these causes. Yellow leaves Yellowed leaves appear during normal renovation, and if there are not enough of them, then there are no reasons for concern. But if there are a lot of yellow leaves, then this indicates errors in care - lack of oxygen in the soil, its waterlogging, excessively low or high temperature, poor lighting or abrupt change of it.
- Council. You need to find the cause of the yellowing of the leaves and eliminate it. Creating a favorable environment for the plant will help to restore it.
Silver spots If the spots appear clearlyare limited, this is the result of sunburn. Do not confuse these spots with the defeat of the plant thrips, when the leaves appear silvery shine. In some shade-tolerant plants sunburn can occur with active sunlight, and the leaves may become brown or red.
- Council. Such plants should be removed to a shaded place and protected from direct sunlight.
Twisted edges In plants with soft leaves whenexcessively dry air or a dried substrate begin to twist the edges. The leaves also curl when the substrate is waterlogged, when the plant is not able to fully absorb moisture.
- Council. It is necessary to moisten the substrate and air in the right degree and in a timely manner, then the leaves will not twist. If, because of the overmoistening, the roots begin to rot, and in this case the smell of decay comes from the pot and the plant, it is urgent to transplant the plant to a new land. Before this, it is necessary to cut off all the rotten roots, and place the cuts better with sprinkled coal.
Light spots Sometimes it happens that on a sheet platechaotically placed vitreous spots appear. The plant responds so sharply to fluctuations in temperature, as well as to too warm or cold water for irrigation. The same spots appear on the plant if it is sprayed in the sun. Then the droplets of water become like magnifying lenses, through which the sun simply burns the tissues of the leaves.
- Council. Learn the basic rules of care and strictly follow them. Do not remove the leaves affected in this way. They are quite viable and continue to supply the plant with nutrients.
Brown edges With excessive fertilizing or irregular watering, the leaves first turn yellow at the edges, and then turn brown. Check the soil to see if a white crust has formed on it.
- Council. Remove the affected leaves. In order to determine the humidity level of the substrate, there are special humidity indicators that, when checked, change color. If the problem is in the soil, then it is urgent to change the salt supersaturated substrate to another one.
Dry tips First of all, this is a sign of dry air. But dry tips can also indicate a prolonged drying of the substrate.
- Council. It is necessary to carefully cut off the dried ends with scissors, leaving a thin, dry ledge in the place of the cut. In hotly heated rooms or in hot weather, you should water the plant two or three times a week. It is good in this case to use pots with a double bottom, in which moisture is reserved for future use.
Chlorosis If the leaves turn pale or turn yellow, but veins remain green, it means that the plant suffers from watering with hard water. This leads to a lack of iron and an overabundance of calcium.
- Council. Change the water. If this is not possible, boil the water for irrigation, and then stand it. In this case, iron containing fertilizer should also be used. For these purposes, it is possible to dilute iron chelate in water for irrigation - one gram per liter of water, and then defend it within 24 hours.
Cork spots Even people call such diseaseshouse plants "turtle". They appear most often on plants with fleshy leaves that store moisture. With constant drying, and subsequent overmoistening of the substrate or with sudden temperature fluctuations, cracks begin to appear in the tissues of the leaf, which then turn into scars.
- Council. Strongly affected leaves are best removed, and in the care it is necessary to eliminate the deficiencies.
Plants can also feel badand because they are, as they say, "not in their element." The fact is that buying for your house plants a new land in the store, you need to pay attention to which plants it is intended for. For example, for planting palm trees, the land that is intended for planting orchids is completely useless, ferns will disappear in the ground for cacti, and azaleas can not grow in the ground for balcony flowers. Do not make your plants suffer from unsuitable soil - they are also alive. In addition to the previous recommendations, I want to add that to care for green friends, if you love them, it is worthwhile to plan your time. To do this, leave each week a little time, which you can devote to your green pitmen. If necessary, pour them, feed them, carefully inspect them. If there are wilted parts - remove them, but with the first signs of diseases of indoor plants, fight from the very beginning. In addition to diseases caused by improper maintenance or care of indoor plants, your pets are threatened by diseases caused by various fungi. Knowing these diseases of indoor plants will help you in time to recognize them and successfully fight them.
Diseases of plants
The cause of many plant diseases (besides improper care) are fungal infections. Consider the most common of them.
Fungal disease, most often strikingseedlings. At the ground level, the stalk of the plant blackens, becomes thinner, and the plant falls. To prevent this disease, it is necessary to use decontaminated land, not to muffle crops, to regularly ventilate them and not to allow waterlogging of the soil. Affected plants are immediately removed, and the rest is treated with a fungicide solution.
- Gray mold (botrytis)
Can develop in cold wet weather, andalso in excess in nitrogen soil. On the leaves, and sometimes on the stems appears shaggy gray mold. Affected parts of the plant should be removed, and the plant can be treated with a fungicide.
- Powdery mildew, real or false
This is a fungal disease. On leaves there is a white mealy coating (real powdery mildew) or yellow and discolored spots, covered with grayish mold from below (powdery mildew). This disease often affects begonia in cold damp weather. The enemy of mildewed fungus is a milk stick, hence the fight against it: dilute any fermented milk product in the water - kefir, curdled milk, sour milk - and apply to the leaves. After a week, repeat the procedure. You can also powder the leaves with ground sulfur or treat them with a fungicide.
- Black fungus
It looks like a black coating on the leaves. The fungus develops on sugary isolates of aphids and whiteflies, so it is necessary to fight with the root cause. Strongly affected leaves are better to remove, slightly affected - wash with water and soap.
This disease manifests itself in the form of yellow, orange, brown convex spots. The diseased leaves should be destroyed and the plant treated with a fungicide.
Folk remedies for disease control
Now chemical methods for controlling plant diseases have been developed. But if you do not want to deal with pesticides, you can try folk remedies.
- Infusion of nettle
It is used against aphids. Five hundred grams of fresh nettle, collected before flowering, pour five liters of water and insist from twelve hours to a day. The treatment is carried out by spraying the plant with undiluted infusion.
- Broth horsetail
It is sprayed onto leaves and watered by plantsagainst powdery mildew. Five hundred grams of fresh or one hundred and fifty grams of dried horsetail grass is insisted in five liters of water and boiled for thirty minutes. After that, the broth is cooled, filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of one to five.
- Broth from wormwood
Applied for spraying against aphids. One tablespoon of wormwood is boiled in one liter of water for an hour. Then the solution is filtered and applied without diluting.
- Infusion of onion
They are used against aphids. A litred can of onion husk is poured over with water and insisted for 24 hours. Then the husks are squeezed, the infusion is filtered and the plants are sprayed two or three times, repeating the procedure in five days.
- Infusion of garlic
Used against aphids, thrips, fungal infections. Twenty-thirty small cloves of garlic are pressed and squeezed. The resulting juice is dissolved in ten liters of water and used for spraying.
- A solution of wood ash
Used against aphids and thrips. Pour 12 tablespoons of ashes with a liter of water and insist for two days. Then the solution is drained and sprayed with plants.
- Infusion yarrow
Used against aphids, mites, thrips. Scalded with boiling water fifteen tablespoons of dry shredded grass, pour a liter of hot water and insist two days. Infusion filter and spray the plant.
- Mustard infusion
Used against aphids, thrips. To prepare the concentrate, three teaspoons of mustard powder is insisted in one liter of water in a tightly closed container for two days, after which it is filtered. Before spraying, four parts of water are added to one part of the concentrate.
- Decoction and infusion of tobacco
They are used against aphids, thrips and mites. Eight tablespoons of tobacco take one liter of water. To prepare the infusion, tobacco is kept in water for two days, and then filtered. To prepare the broth, tobacco is insisted for one day, and then boiled for two hours and filtered. Before sprinkling, the broth and the infusion are diluted half with water. And finally remember the golden rule. The main preventive measure against plant diseases is competent agricultural technology. Properly transplanted, in time watered and fed the plant has enough strength to resist pests and diseases independently. We advise you to read: