He really handsome, this exotic flower,called also alpine violet or dandruff. His tender flowers are like moths fluttering over a green bush. Few will remain indifferent to his graceful beauty and charm. But even fewer people who venture to start cyclamen at home, as the plant has a reputation for a whimsical houseplant. It is believed that cyclamen is difficult to grow in a room. However, many growers, it grows, constantly blossoms and feels very good. Let's see, what kind of flower is this cyclamen - care at home for him is complicated or not?
Such a different cyclamen
Cyclamen is a perennial cormorant ortuberous plant. He lives about twenty years, and blooms abundantly and continuously: from autumn to spring. Flowers cyclamen has a variety of color. They can be either white or all shades of pink, burgundy and purple. Cyclamen came to our homes from the gardens of ancient Rome. There, these flowers were planted together with violets and daffodils. And their homeland - the Middle East and the Mediterranean. The most common varieties of plants are called: the cyclamen of Persian (Eastern origin), as well as its western cyclamen European fellow. Both of these species are very decorative, but have their own distinctive features. Cyclamen European - an evergreen tuberous plant with small rounded-sertsevidnymi leaves (2-4 cm in diameter). They have a dark red color from below and dark green with a silvery pattern - from above. Cyclamen flowers of Europe are also not very large - up to 2 cm in length, pink with a pleasant smell. The tubers of this species of cyclamen are spherical or flattened, with roots and daughter nodules. After flowering Cyclamen, European foliage is not discarded and retains a decorative appearance. Cyclamen Persian - a plant from 15 to 30 cm in height. This species of cyclamen has large heart-shaped leaves (up to 14 cm in diameter). Below the leaf is green, and on top of it is a silvery-gray pattern. Flowers of this species reach in diameter about five centimeters. They are very fragrant, with oblong petals curled back. This species differs in the variety of petal stains. It has flowers from pink to pale lilac and white with purple stains at the bottom. The cyclamen of Persian has a large tubercular globular tuber with roots. After flowering, the Persian cyclamen passes into a state of rest and discards the leaves. Contrary to the prevailing opinion, the home cyclamen is not so capricious. Of course, there are requirements for the cultivation of this houseplant. Care for the cyclamen is not limited to correct and timely irrigation. But the handsome cyclamen, who blooms in the cold winter, is worth your attention, and your time.
Selection and landing
First of all, you need to choose the right flower. If you decide to purchase a cyclamen in a flower shop, then, when choosing a plant, pay attention to the leaves and the tuber. The tuber should be dense and without the kidneys located at the top, and the flower leaves should not sag. Flowering cyclamen in winter is best to buy in October (at the very beginning of flowering). Choose only a healthy plant with strong and green leaves and a lot of unblown buds. Also pay attention to the soil in which the cyclamen is planted. Most often they are sold in peat substrata. Such soil is completely unsuitable for the normal existence of this plant. In this case, the cyclamen should be immediately transplanted into a common soil. When transplanting, carefully remove all peat lumps and rotten roots, and put drainage on the bottom of the pot. Check to see how deep the tuber is (for a Persian cyclamen it should be about a third higher than the ground). Pick up a suitable pot (cyclamen do not like too large containers). Between the bulb and the pot wall should be no more than two or three centimeters. Therefore, for a one-year-old plant with a small corms, a pot about eight centimeters in diameter is suitable. For a two- or three-year-old flower - fourteen to fifteen centimeters. Put a flower pot on a cool window sill near the glass and try to protect the cyclamen from the dry air of the heating battery. If you plant the indoor cyclamen seeds, sow them in February. For germination, the seeds need darkness and humidity, so cover the pot with a seed saucer. After the first leaf and tuber appears, remove the saucer. Water the shoots neatly (preferably from a pipette), moistening the soil next to the nodule. In the summer, grow up plants, and then take care of them in the same way as for older cyclamen. That this indoor plant does not hurt and blossom in due time, it is necessary to observe the requirements for caring for it.
General care rules
Do not water cyclamens strictly forrecommendations of flower encyclopedias. For each plant, it is necessary to create an individual watering regime and watering, depending on the conditions in which it grows. The main thing is not to overdry or fill the room cyclamen. Keep in mind that overdrying is not as scary as waterlogging. Overmoistening is fraught with the appearance of mushroom mosquitoes. But the saddest thing is that even one excess watering can provoke rotting of the roots and death of such a plant as cyclamen. Therefore, proper watering is one of the main conditions for growing this indoor flower.
Cyclamen is photophilous, but does not tolerate directsun rays. Best room cyclamen feels on the windowsills of the northern windows. For plants living on other windows, a shade from the sun is required.
Cyclamen loves the coolness. Poor response to temperatures above fourteen degrees. The way out is to put the cyclamen in the winter as close as possible to the window glass, and in summer remove the pot from the plant further away.
- Transplant and Reproduction
Every year (in summer) cyclamen is necessarytransplanted into fresh soil, while conducting a preventive examination of the plant. Cyclamen Persian reproduces only by seeds (sometimes by bulb division). Cyclamen European can be propagated by the separation of side tubers.
After the flowering cycle, the cyclamen is Persianenters a phase (period) of rest. The leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off, and by the beginning of summer the tubers remain bare. At this time, the plant requires special care. With the appearance of the first yellow leaves you need to shorten the watering (but do not stop it at all). After the cyclamen has discarded all the leaves, it is necessary to place it in a dark and cool place (pantry, cellar, but not a refrigerator!). At this time, the roots of the flower remain alive, so you need to water the cyclamen occasionally (preferably from a pallet). At the end of the summer, the cyclamen is transplanted to a new land and the flower pot is returned to its original location. And with the appearance of the first leaves, they return to the previous irrigation regime. During the rest period, cyclamen can be propagated by the Persian division of the tuber. Do this as follows. The tuber is removed from the pot, dried and cut into pieces (parts of the tuber with the kidney and spine). The slices are slightly dried and treated with an antiseptic (wood or activated charcoal). After that, the pieces are planted in separate pots. Compliance with these rules will ensure a whimsical handsome man comfortable conditions. But if the plant is not all right, the cyclamen will definitely let you know about it. The main thing is not to miss this signal and provide timely help to the flower.
Distress signals and ambulance
- Fast flowering. The reason - hot conditions, lack of nutrients. In this case, you need to move the cyclamen to a cool place and feed it.
- Rotting of peduncles and leaves. A possible cause is an excess of moisture in the soil, water entering the germ zone. First aid is to dry the soil and water the cyclamen less often.
- Withering and yellowing leaves. The reason is dry and hot air, bright sunlight, insufficient watering. In this case, it is necessary to pritenyat cyclamen, more often to water and moisten the air around the flower.
- Formation of small deformed leaves. A possible cause is the appearance of pests (cyclamen mite, thrips, aphids). Help - remove the affected leaves, lower the temperature and humidity in the room, spray cyclamen with insecticides.
In conclusion, let us draw the following conclusion about the peculiarities of this house plant.
As you can see, not so cyclamen and capricious. Yes, it is demanding (but the requirements are quite acceptable), yes, gentle (but is this a disadvantage?), But how good! How good is the handsome cyclamen with exotic flowers-moths! He, for sure, will be a worthy decoration of your house, an object of special pride and occasion for enthusiasm and compliments to his mistress. Good luck! We advise you to read: