Currently, the most popular methodrejuvenation, bypassing surgery, is chemical peeling. Many look at chemical procedures with caution. However, experts consider this kind of pilling the most effective and sparing. What is chemical peeling, what is the principle of its effect on the skin, and why has it gained such wide popularity?
Types of chemical peelings
Chemical peeling of the skin of the face has an effectactive substances on the epidermis. The composition of chemical peeling means includes: clay, minerals and alpha-hydroxyl acids. Thus, various chemical agents affect the middle and surface layers of the skin. There are various types of chemical face peeling. In small areas of the skin, including wrinkles around the eyes and mouth, as well as in the cheek area when changing pigmentation, you can apply acid peeling. Although the same kind of peeling is successfully used on the entire surface of the face and neck, on the hands and in the decollete. This procedure has no age restrictions. For surface chemical peeling, as a rule, acids such as phytic, pyruvic, lactic, gluconic or glycolic are used. Trichloroacetic acid is used for chemical medial peeling and deep chemical peeling of the body. Surface and middle layers of skin cells during the chemical peeling of the face and body skin are evenly peeled off by several layers of dead cells. This leads to activation of the synthesis of elastin and collagen, the growth of new cells and general skin rejuvenation. So, we have already defined the types of chemical peelings: deep, middle and superficial. Deep chemical peeling damages the basal membrane, delimiting the dermis and epidermis; median - works at the level of the epidermis; Surface - only at the level of the stratum corneum.
Superficial chemical peeling
Recall that for this type of peeling is usedretinol, gluconic or glycolic acid. The fruit type of chemical peeling means the presence of one of the following acids in the skin treatment composition: apple, wine, milk, glycolic and the like. Most accurately, the surface chemical peeling determines exactly the fruit chemical peeling, which is a gentle technique, not knocking out of the working rhythm. This procedure can be used from adolescence and to the deepest old age in order to prevent skin aging. Experts recommend using a fruit chemical peel for problem skin with traces of sebaceous secretion and acne. A dermacosmetologist or a dermatologist calculates the number of necessary procedures, the method of peeling, and the concentration of acid. The results of the procedures depend on the time of action of the acid. Typically, a specialist appoints 5-10 sessions, between which a break in 7-10 days. In order not to have a negative reaction of the skin to chemical peeling, the patient is forbidden to sunbathe during the period of cosmetology procedures and within a month after the course of peeling. Chemical peeling with fruit acids is considered the most mild type of peeling. The opinion of specialists in cosmetologists is unanimous - this is the best variant of all kinds of chemical face peeling. The face area requires a gentle gentle impact, since even minor damage manifests itself in the form of redness and flaking, especially after an incorrect chemical peel around the eyes. Nevertheless, the peeling procedure should ensure removal of dead cells and removal of irregularities. Glycolic chemical peeling is most suitable for these conditions. The concentration of glycolic acid during peeling ranges from 25% in the first stage to 70% at the final stage. Peeling with glycolic acid affects only the surface layers of the skin. Superficial chemical peeling of the face does not require anesthesia and does not carry a danger. Glycolic chemical peeling face reviews are gorgeous: tired skin acquires a fresh look, and regular application gives unrivaled results. There are no complications after chemical peeling with fruit acids. On the skin there is only a slight pinkish hue, which disappears within an hour. Nowadays, glycolic chemical peeling has gained incredible love among the fair sex. Peeling, which is made with gluconic acid, is safe at any time of the year and gives effective results for any type of skin, even for supersensitive skin. In addition to starting the processes of skin regeneration, gluconic acid has a number of specific properties: it increases the barrier properties of the skin and prevents the processes of destruction of elastin under the influence of ultraviolet rays. Specialists in chorus recommend glucone chemical peeling of the face - the consequences of this peeling are truly inspiring: a noticeable improvement in the quality of the skin; pronounced lifting and rejuvenating effect; start the process of cell regeneration; smoothing of fine wrinkles on the surface; restoration of skin hydration and increase of its barrier properties; prevention of acne; activation of synthesis of dermal matrix components; treatment of hyperkeratosis and hyperpigmentation; strengthening the supporting skeleton of the skin; prevention of photoaging; Apply this type of surface chemical face peeling as a weekend care. Gluconic acid perfectly restores the optimal level of hydration of the skin, moistening all its layers, improving the transmission of signals between cells, stimulating the development of growth factors and skin rejuvenation processes. In addition to the main component - gluconic acid - this chemical peeling includes citric and lactic acid in a small amount. Gluconic acid together with these acids and gluconolactone has moisturizing and softening properties. Lactic acid moisturizes the stratum corneum, accumulates in it and increases its hydration. It is likely the occurrence of complications after chemical peeling in the form of inflammation on the skin. To block inflammatory reactions in the peeling included panthenol, vitamin C and polyphenol green tea. "Yellow" retinol peeling is referred to as surface-median peeling. It is produced on the basis of drawing from an exotic plant urukum. Retinol chemical peeling is considered very careful, so it can be carried out on young skin. The main reasons for carrying out retinol peelings are: photoaging, post-acne, hyperpigmentation, as well as deep and fine wrinkles. In retinol chemical peeling, the effects are pronounced and positive in keratinization of epidermocytes, normalization of differentiation processes, stimulation of the synthesis of epidermal lipids. Experts give retinol chemical face peeling reviews of the following character: the procedure stimulates angiogenesis, activates the synthesis of elastin and collagen, helps restore the population of so-called Langerhans cells, thereby improving tissue reepithelialization, and also providing comedonolytic and sebostatic action.
The essence of the medial peeling (aka TSA-peeling)is the use of trichloroacetic acid. Such chemical peeling of the body and face improves the skin tone, smooths wrinkles, eliminates post-acne and ugly pigment spots. Chemical medial peeling gives an excellent rejuvenation effect. For three days, the skin remains reddish, after which the dead cells exfoliate. The most common chemical peel with trichloroacetic acid in the concentration of 15-35%, this procedure lasts for 10-15 minutes. This chemical peeling for dry skin can be harmful. In the place of application the doctor most likely will recommend you to use a cold or to apply an anesthetic. Median chemical peeling with salicylic acid is used for: first and second degree acne, seborrhea, age-related skin changes, actinic hyperkeratosis, senile lentigo, and hyperpigmentation. Salicylic peeling is the ideal chemical peeling for problem skin. This is explained by the fact that salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid, which has keratolytic properties, as well as a strong antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect. For this reason, salicylic peeling is the most chemical peeling from acne. Salicylic chemical peeling - contraindications: individual intolerance, violations of the integrity of the skin, active inflammatory processes on the skin, herpes in the active phase, prolonged exposure to the sun.
Deep chemical peeling
Phenolic peeling is nothing short of deepchemical peeling of the face and body, affecting the deep layers of the skin for the correction of scars and wrinkles, as well as pigmentation and hyperkeratosis. Deep chemical peeling is done in a hospital environment, as this is a very serious and painful procedure, appointed and conducted by a high profile specialist. He will also be watching you during the recovery period after a deep chemical face peeling.
A number of procedures can cause a burn after chemicalpeeling. For this reason, many types of chemical peeling have contraindications to be. For example, carrying out phenol peeling has the risks of a number of complications - scarring and skin pigmentation disorders. In addition, phenol is cardiotoxic and nephrotoxic, which means that chemical peeling based on this substance can cause a violation of the heart and kidneys. Despite the presence of contraindications, chemical peeling reviews are in most cases positive. Women are seeing a significant improvement in skin condition.
Chemical peeling at home
Use chemical peeling in the homeconditions should be extremely cautious. Choosing the right acid for you is better done together with a beautician. How to do chemical peeling? First, you need to accurately calculate the acid concentration and the frequency of its use. For a chemical peeling at home it is desirable to use a surface peeling. To the results of chemical peeling of other species pleased you, it is better to seek help from specialists. The use of chemical peeling at home implies compliance with important rules:
- Do not use chemical peels in the summer, otherwise there is a high probability of a burn after chemical peeling. The ideal time for the procedures is very or spring.
- When making a chemical peeling at home, apply the solution evenly on a thin layer on the entire surface of the face. Do not apply a lot of acid to wrinkles and scars to avoid burns.
- Pre-clean and degrease the skin with lotion or gel.
- Carefully monitor the skin reaction to the procedure, especially chemical peeling around the eyes. After burning, immediately rinse off the acid solution with warm water.
Do not use chemical peeling for autoimmunediseases, with exacerbations of acne, as well as chemical peeling during pregnancy and chemical peeling during lactation. Remember that chemical peeling during pregnancy can cause irreparable damage to the fetus and cause serious disturbances in its development. But in the subsequent postpartum period chemical peeling of stretch marks will be extremely useful. Despite its soreness, such a procedure will significantly reduce their number and size. The face after the chemical peeling looks much younger, the pores are cleared and narrowed, the scars and the pigmented spots, which give you unpleasant sensations, simply disappear. We want to demonstrate for you a chemical face peeling - the photo clearly confirms the unsurpassed results on cleansing and rejuvenating the skin. Remember that for any chemical peeling caution and regularity are important. How often do chemical peels? Observe the frequency of procedures, repeating them no more often than 1 time in 7-10 days. Do not forget to consult a beautician beforehand. Chemical peeling is not an easy procedure, but the results are worth the effort! We advise you to read: