Elevated blood pressure may bediagnosed in any person, regardless of age and sex. It is generally accepted that normal blood pressure in healthy people should not exceed 130/85 mm Hg.
High Blood Pressure: Causes and Symptoms
These are conditional parameters that canvary, but if the numbers grow, you need to pay close attention to it and, possibly, undergo a course of treatment. In emergency cases, you should immediately take medications that normalize the patient's condition. The exact causes of hypertension are difficult to establish. There are certain risk factors that can provoke an increase in blood pressure and the development of the disease:
- Improper eating, excessive consumption of salty and fatty foods;
- Obesity is the main companion of an increased vascular disease;
- Smoking and alcohol abuse directly affect the increase in pressure;
- Lack of physical activity, sedentary lifestyle;
- Kidney disease;
- Lack of potassium and magnesium in the body;
- Acceptance of some medicines. Drugs for weight loss and oral contraceptives can cause increased pressure.
There are also independent reasons capable ofprovoke hypertension: age, heredity, male sex. Quite often, blood pressure rises asymptomatically, and the person does not hurry to start treatment. The following signs indicate the increase in pressure:
- Frequent dizziness;
- Darkness in eyes;
- Shortness of breath and chest pain.
Redness of the skin of the face, swelling and numbness of the fingers, sweating are another symptoms of the ailment that should make the patient consult a doctor and undergo a checkup.
How to treat high blood pressure?
Severe hypertension requires urgent medical attentionhelp! Only a specialist can correctly select the necessary medicines and their dosage. To achieve a rapid effect, injections are used. In particularly difficult cases, hospitalization and inpatient treatment will be required. It is important to prevent the development of serious conditions such as myocardial infarction, acute heart failure, unstable angina, aortic aneurysm, stroke, etc. Medication correction of high blood pressure may consist of a minimum amount of medicines or include complex therapy. The following preparations are usually used:
- Diuretics (diuretics);
- ACE inhibitors (relax the walls of blood vessels);
- Beta-adrenoblockers (reduce heart rate);
- Alpha-adrenoblockers (relax the walls of blood vessels);
- Calcium antagonists (reduce heart rate, dilate blood vessels);
- Blockers of angiotensin receptors (protect the brain, heart and kidneys from lesions caused by high blood pressure).
Any means used to normalizepressure, can be prescribed exclusively by the doctor taking into account the symptoms and contraindications. In addition to medicines, the patient is always prescribed a diet and rest. Quality sleep, lack of stress and walking outdoors will accelerate the process of recovery. In the early stages of the disease, treatment of high blood pressure can be reduced to a change in lifestyle and nutrition. It is enough to reduce the consumption of animal fats and salt, to normalize weight, to abandon bad habits and to engage in easy physical training. If hypertension is a symptom of some other disease, then therapy should be directed toward eliminating the primary problem.