Now it's even hard to say when thethe very first artificial flowers. It seems that they were popular always and everywhere. The first documentary mention of them refers to the III-II centuries BC. Archaeologists are inclined to think what their ancient Egyptians came up with. Later this art was mastered in ancient China, Greece and Rome. Flowers were made from a wide variety of materials - fabrics, porcelain, paper, metal, precious stones, clay, wood, feathers ... and you will not enumerate everything. Some specimens were a real work of art. And they were very expensive. Just imagine what a price can have, for example, a bouquet of platinum and gold roses, decorated with diamonds! In the nineteenth century, the fashion for artificial flowers reached its peak. They began to decorate everything in a row - from hairstyles and clothes to the interior. Since the demand was very high, the production of flowers became a real profession. Special workshops, schools of crafts and courses were opened. In 1894, St. Petersburg even issued a guide to the manufacture of flowers from paper, leather, wax and cloth. Since then, anyone could know how to make artificial flowers with their own hands. The twentieth century introduced its own corrections - it seems that artificial flowers were forgotten. But already at the beginning of the twenty-first century they again firmly became fashionable. Today these accessories take a worthy place in the collections of such recognized masters as Galliano, Valentino, Christian Lacroix and many others. And the art of floriculture is gradually changing from a hobby to a professional mastery. However, it is quite possible to make artificial flowers and with your own hands - there is nothing complicated in this. And the materials can be very different. Let's look at some simple ways to create these elegant ornaments.
You will need:
- needle and thread;
- a sheet of thick paper;
Take a sheet of thick paper and a pencil. Draw three flowers of different sizes - small, medium and large. Each of the flowers should have five petals. With the help of scissors, carefully cut the drawings along the contour - you have got the patterns. Take the fabric and using the obtained stencils, cut flowers already from the organza. Light the candle and gently burn all the petals above the flame. Just do not forget that the organza is very easily ignited. Therefore, to carry out this manipulation should be extremely accurate. In order for the flower to be similar to the real one, it is necessary that the material be wrapped in the right direction - inside. To achieve this, you should hold it with one hand so that the thumb is inside. Move the candle flame in one direction. When all the blanks are processed, put them one on top of the other and secure with threads and a needle. To the thread bundle turned out to be "hidden", connect at first only two petals, and then sew the lowest one to them. Use beads or beads - they will represent the stamens of the plant. The last step is fixing the thread. To ensure that everything turned out neatly, pierce two layers of fabric with a needle and fasten the thread behind the stitches in such a way that a strong knot is formed. That's all! Original and surprisingly delicate flower is ready. It remains to think what you will decorate with this little miracle.
Flowers from paper
Of course, the most important thing on the festive table isdelicious dishes. But, often, beautiful design plays no less important role. If you are planning to surprise your guests with not only culinary delights, but also with original servings, then the flowers from napkins will help you to conceive. For creativity you will need:
- tubes for cocktails;
- multi-layer napkins;
- Threads that coincide in color with napkins.
Tubules are best used in monochrome -suitable white or black. But the napkins should be bright and colorful. Then the decorations will be more noticeable. Take a napkin and gently level it. Fold in half, and then gather in the "accordion." Tie up the received "accordion" thread in the middle. Take the scissors and trim the edges of the napkin, giving them the desired shape. If you want the flowers to look more tender and romantic, then cut the petals in a semicircle. If you prefer sharp edges - give the petals a triangular shape. Raspushite each of the petals, gently turning the paper. Take a stick for cocktails and gently glue it to the base of the flower - turned the stem. The flower is ready! It remains to do a few more of the same and decorate with these original bouquets festive table.
Flowers from felt
Make these fluffy, cute and cuteflowers with their own hands is very simple. They are ideal for decorating your home interior - for example, curtains or decorative pillows. Also, they can be used to create various accessories - rims, rubber bands or hairpins, brooches. You will need:
- Threads matched in the tone of the fabric;
Take the felt and cut it into pieces. The length of each piece should be ten, and the width - two and a half centimeters. Using scissors make a fringe around the perimeter of the entire piece of fabric. Do not overdo it - it should not be too narrow! Otherwise, felt will begin to crumble and all work will go wrong. After that, fold the fabric "accordion" and tie it tightly with threads in the center. Fan the flower, carefully unfolding the petals. Done!
Flowers from beads
Beads - very fertile material for creativity. What crafts and ornaments do not do with it! Some of them are real works of art. Of course, in order to learn how to work with this material, it takes time and patience. But you have to start somewhere! Why not do something simple for a start-for example, a sweet and very simple bouquet. Perhaps the easiest in the manufacture of bead flowers - it's daisies and forget-me-nots. For this bouquet, you will need:
- soft wire;
- beads of green, yellow, white and blue colors;
Let's start with forget-me-nots. Take the wire and cut with a pair of pliers a piece 8 to 10 centimeters long. String one bead of yellow color on this piece. Add to it five blue. Bend the wire and stretch its end into the first bead of blue color. Then - in the second, and then in the third blue bead. After that, pass the wire into the yellow bead and twist together with the free end. I got a forget-me-not with a stalk. Make several such flowers. Now we need to make a leaf. To do this, thread on the ends of the wire green beads according to the scheme: 1-2-3-4-4-3-2. Twist together all the loose ends of the wire - the bouquet is ready! With forget-me-nots. We pass to the daisy. In order to make the petals you will need 10 to 12 pieces of wire a long nine centimeters. Take the white beads and weave the petal. Make sure that the ends of the wire are directed towards each other. To make the middle of a flower is very simple - string seven beads on a wire and roll them into a spiral. Gently gather the flower, twisting the middle and petals together. In order to make a plant leaf use the scheme: 1-2-4-4-3-4-3-2-2-1. In the process of weaving it is recommended to bend the sheet in such a way that it becomes like a real one. Well, the last step is to string a green bead on the stalk of your chamomile and screw the sheet. However, you can leave the stalk and "naked." But only in the event that your wire has a silver color - otherwise it will not be beautiful. Camomile is ready.
Flower of tulle
This amazingly romantic and delicate flower is able to decorate any hairstyle or clothing. And to make it very simple. You will need:
- velvet ribbon;
- leaves from velvet;
- hair clip in the shape of a comb.
Cut the tulle into squares of 20x20centimeters. You need eight squares. Take one and fold it twice in half, and then along the diagonal in such a way that a triangle is obtained. Cut off with a scissors wide end - the petals should have a triangular shape. Repeat this procedure with the other tattoos. Fold the resulting blanks one on top of the other. Secure the middle with a few stitches. Firmly grasp the center of the flower and lift its petals upwards - you will get a bud. Fix its base at a distance of five millimeters from the edge with threads and a needle. Make sure that the flower is sewn very tightly. Take a velvet ribbon 25 centimeters long, fold it so that its ends converge in the middle. Secure with thread. Should get a bow. Sew at its base three velvet leaves. They can be purchased in a store for needlework or simply removed from ready-made artificial flowers. Gently stretch and smooth feathers and fasten so that their base is hidden under the leaves. Fix the bud from the tulle, using threads and a needle. If you wear a flower as a brooch - sew an English pin, if as a hair clip - fasten on the crest. The work is done. Of course, this is not all ways to make artificial flowers. We examined only the lightest of them. As you can see, this kind of creativity does not require any special knowledge and skills. All you need is a little bit of fantasy, patience and a great desire to make this world brighter and more beautiful. At you all necessarily it will turn out. Just try it! We advise you to read: