Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract affect theall systems of the body, thereby greatly reducing the quality of human life. Gastritis, which causes inflammation of the walls of the stomach, is becoming more common. There are several of its types: hyperacid, hypoacid and anacid gastritis. Each species has its own symptoms and special treatment.
Types of gastritis and acidity levels
The level of acidity of gastric juice can be normal or with impaired (increased, decreased or zero). Depending on such violations gastritis are divided into three types:
At zero acidity, the covering(parietal) cells of the stomach are atrophied and can not secrete a sufficient amount of acid. The balance of the microflora is disturbed, the penetration of various microbes and viruses occurs. Because of this, the mucosa thinens and inflames in the stomach, the immune system loses its resistance, pathological changes begin, up to oncological diseases. The intestinal motility decreases, especially the upper and lower divisions. Constipation begins.
Causes and symptoms of anacid gastritis
Chronic form of anacid gastritis candevelop after acute gastritis, occasionally after typhoid fever or dysentery, if not treated these diseases. The reasons can also be: alcohol abuse, constant overeating, spicy food, large breaks between meals, dry food, smoking, quick snacks. Therefore it is not surprising that under the impact there are more and more young people, especially women, who work all day in a sitting position. With an anacid gastritis, symptoms of the disease may be absent for a long time. But we must remember that with zero acidity there is no bactericidal effect. Viruses and microbes freely enter the body with food, so there is a violation of digestion, indigestion, other diseases of the stomach and intestines may occur.
What are the main symptoms of this disease?
If there is an anacid gastritis for a long time, the following symptoms are added:
- even stronger weight loss;
- flatulence, swelling;
- the emergence of anemia, dysbiosis;
- the appearance of pancreatitis and cholecystitis;
- intolerance to certain types of food, especially milk.
Treatment of anacid gastritis
First of all, with the first manifestations of the disease,It is necessary to address to the gastroenterologist for definition of level of acidity of a stomach and an establishment of the diagnosis. For the treatment of anacid gastritis, the following methods are used: taking drugs that replace natural hydrochloric acid; enzymatic drugs for the normalization of digestive processes; herbal medicinal herbs; physiotherapy; diet and avoid bad habits. Treatment with herbs can be effective, but on condition of long reception (from 6 months to 2-3 years), together with the necessary drugs and regular repetitions of the course.
With an anacid gastritis, adhering to the correct diet, you can significantly improve your health. Here are some recommendations:
- thoroughly chew food. Saliva enzymes will be the first protective barrier to your body;
- there is often, at a time, at one time;
- Do not eat spicy, fatty, fried, rough and very cold food;
- cook on vegetable or melted butter;
- with exacerbations adhere to diet number 2;
- salads from fresh vegetables combine with boiled or stewed;
- Acid fruits and berries are useful for the activity of the enzymatic system, but they are not acidic
- will increase;
- use bread only white, but necessarily yesterday;
- do not drink whole milk.
If you have an anacid gastritis, try not toviolate the diet, quit smoking, alcohol, coffee. Nicotine breaks the microcirculation in the mucous membrane of the stomach, which violates its absorption. Alcoholic beverages, including beer, damage mucous cells, which reduces the enzymatic ability. Pay special attention to the state of the nervous system. Watch for mouth hygiene, in time treat and prosthetic teeth. Be sure to go to the doctor, do a gastroendoscopic examination. The causes of an anacid gastritis are poorly understood. It is suggested that the reduced and zero levels of acidity in the stomach are due to the genetic factor and are the result of a metabolic disorder. To date, completely cure this disease is not possible, but, adhering to these recommendations, you can maintain your condition at a normal level.