subatrophic gastritis Subatrophic gastritis differs from other formsthis disease by the presence of atrophied areas of the gastric mucosa (most often atrophy of the gland and small areas of the mucosa itself). At the atrophy of the glands, the cells responsible for the production of pepsin and hydrochloric acid die. In the case of mucosal atrophy, some of its areas can not function normally, as a result of which they are replaced by cells of the epithelial and connective tissues. Naturally, these cells are not able to produce an enzyme of gastric juice and, as a consequence, the stomach can not fully perform its functions. Gastritis got its name because the patient's stomach mucosa becomes inflamed and becomes very thin. Thus, subatrophic gastritis is characterized by a decrease in the production of hydrochloric acid and a decrease in the level of acidity of gastric juice, thinning of the tissues of the gastric membrane. In more severe cases, atrophy can affect not only a certain area, but the entire organ. To avoid such a situation, it should be remembered that the subatrophic type is only the initial stage of gastric atrophy, and with timely treatment it is well treatable. The main thing is that it does not grow into a chronic one. Subatrophic gastritis treatment

Causes of the disease

To get rid of the problem, you should findfirst the cause of its occurrence. Only in this case it will be possible to avoid relapse in the future. Otherwise, gastritis can develop into a chronic form, which is fraught with quite serious consequences, including cancer. Often the blame is caused by the bacterium Helicobacter (as in other manifestations of gastritis). Settling on the epithelium of the gastric mucosa, it causes an inflammatory process that leads to a superficial gastritis. At this stage it is important to identify it and begin to treat, but if this does not happen, the disease from the primary stage goes into other forms. With autoimmune gastritis, autoantibodies are formed that affect their glands, which leads to their death. Provoke subatrophic or chronic gastritis may factors such as improper, inadequate nutrition, as well as overeating, the use of hormonal drugs, alcohol, preservatives. Remember that treatment is half the success. Your attitude to bad habits is important. Symptoms of subatrophic gastritis:

  • Sharp deterioration of appetite;
  • Lethargy, heaviness in the abdomen, an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, belching;
  • Sharp loss of kilograms;
  • Fatigue at low loads;
  • Nausea, abnormal stool, flatulence.

With such an unpleasant disease, the patient's bodyceases to perceive milk, resulting in the body does not get the right amount of nutrients. There is a depletion, as the lack of vitamins and trace elements is increasingly felt. Patients often observe deterioration of vision, development of anemia, hair loss. For the fastest detection of an ailment it is important to carefully look at your body: the exfoliated nails and dry hair can "talk" about the presence of the disease. And it is advisable immediately to begin treatment. At occurrence of even some of the above-stated signs it is necessary to address to the doctor. After diagnosis, he will put an accurate diagnosis, prescribe a treatment that includes proper, dietary nutrition, as well as taking special restorative medications. The main thing is not to delay the visit to the doctor, because timely treatment is the key to a quick recovery. It is worth noting that atrophic gastritis can not be felt for a long time, therefore it is often possible to detect the disease only with endoscopic examination, during which the stomach, esophagus and duodenum are examined. Often subatrophic gastritis is accompanied by other diseases, such as cholecystitis, enterocolitis, pancreatitis. chronic subatrophic gastritis

Effective treatment of the disease

For the treatment to bear fruit, it is necessaryfirst thing to eliminate the causes of this disease. For a start, you need to consult a doctor and clarify whether there is an analysis for helikobakter in your med-card. If not, most likely, it needs to be done. If the infection is detected, the treatment will consist of taking antibiotics and medications that block the production of stomach acid. If, on the basis of the analysis of the infection, there is no infection, in this case it is necessary to look for another reason (autoimmune process, the intake of anti-inflammatory drugs). Usually it takes up to two to three months to diagnose and treat such diseases.

Prevention of gastritis: how to protect your stomach

Prevention of gastritis has a simple basis,However, adherence to simple rules allows you to protect yourself from an unpleasant disease. Nutrition of a person who wants to avoid the appearance or exacerbation of gastritis should be balanced and timely, contain a sufficient number of trace elements, vitamins, fats, proteins, carbohydrates. How should you eat to avoid subatrophic gastritis? It is important to observe the regime of the day and eat 4 times a day, in small portions. To eat without overeating. Supper is recommended 4 hours before bedtime so that the food has time to digest well, because at night the stomach rests, like the entire human body. Eating dry is a good provocateur of gastritis. Try to avoid such snacks. Do not rush to eat, thoroughly chew every bit - it is better to eat less and chew better than "throwing" the stomach with a huge amount of heavy food. To avoid atrophic gastritis, it is better to refuse too hot and cold food, poor-quality products, dyes and preservatives. Hygiene is an important part of a healthy stomach! To atrophic (new name of subatrophic gastritis) did not become an unpleasant surprise, it is necessary to adhere to the basic rules of hygiene:

  • Wash hands with soap and water;
  • Rinse thoroughly under running water with vegetables and fruits;
  • Prepare meat and fish until ready (but do not fry until the crust);
  • Monitor the condition of your teeth;
  • Carry out timely treatment of all diseases;
  • To refuse from bad habits.

It should be remembered that atrophic gastritis canexacerbated by taking certain medications. Therefore, before you drink tablets, such as flu, read the instructions, pay special attention to how they affect the stomach.

How does subatrophic gastritis develop?

In modern clinical practice, 2forms of atrophic gastritis: multifocal and autoimmune. Multifocal gastritis is often called "environmental disease". The immediate causes of the development of this pathological process have not been studied thoroughly, but a significant role is played by the influence of Helicobacter pylori, the lack of consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, and the ingestion of nitrates and other toxins into the stomach. If untimely treatment on the affected stomach can appear polyps, ulceration of the mucosa. The development of an autoimmune form of subatrophic gastritis is associated with genetic causes. In 10% of chronic gastritis this form is diagnosed. The presence of an autoimmune variant of the disease is associated with an increased risk of tumors. Therefore at the slightest suspicion of a gastritis it is necessary to address to the doctor who will appoint or nominate treatment.

Danger of chronic disease

Without proper treatment, almost allthe disease sooner or later goes into a chronic stage. This also applies to subatrophic gastritis. Many people who ignore discomfort in the stomach, are engaged in self-treatment, which is completely wrong. This "therapy" allows at best to achieve only a short-term relief of unpleasant symptoms. However, at this time gastritis continues to progress, gradually turning into a chronic form - it is harder to cure than an acute manifestation. As practice shows, a patient who has chronic atrophic gastritis has to "sit" all his life on a diet and at least twice a year undergo a course of preventive treatment.

Danger in atrophic gastritis

Hypothetically, the course of atrophic gastritiscan develop in different ways. The first option - chronic gastritis leads to a decrease in the acid-forming function of the stomach. In this case, the patient requires replacement therapy, without which symptoms of digestive disorders will be observed. The second variant of the course of the disease occurs as a result of chronic inflammation of the gastric shell, when there is destruction of cellular renewal in the stomach, which in turn leads to the appearance of target cells in which carcinogenic substances settle. This leads to cellular mutations, the integrity of the epithelium of the stomach is disturbed.

We will experience this unpleasantness: what to do?

That in your stomach did not happen unpleasantthe processes described above, you must listen to your body, periodically take tests, visit the gastroenterologist. In the light of the latest "novelties" of nutrition, not always pleasant, a huge number of stressful situations at work and lack of time, the stomach is often exposed to various diseases, among which atrophic (subatrophic) gastritis leads the first positions. Do not give him a chance to hit the mucous membrane of your stomach, and if it does happen, bring the treatment to the end, do not be lazy to go to the test and treat yourself to useful food. Be always healthy!