What is rubella - know, probably, everything. However, recently this disease occurs more and more rarely. Rubella, in principle, is a child's disease, and it is through vaccination that the infection is less and less common. But, nevertheless, sometimes doctors have to diagnose rubella not only in children, but also in adults. Rubella in adults occurs in about one hundredth case. And here people often get lost and start to panic. On the one hand, everyone knows that this disease does not pose a particular threat to human life. However, in fact, the state of health of an adult who contracted rubella suffers very much. Which, of course, can not frighten him. So let's try to figure out what rubella is in an adult, what it's fraught with, and what needs to be done in this situation. First, let's remember what rubella is. Doctors call it a disease that is caused by a virus. This virus is highly contagious - it tries to hit as many people as possible, within its reach.
Symptoms of rubella
Rubella symptoms in adults are almost the same as in children, despite the fact that in some ways they are still different. So, you can suspect rubella if:
- There are rashes on the skin. One of the first signs of rubella is, of course, the appearance of a red rash. And this rash is very specific - an experienced doctor can easily determine the cause of this rash. It is very difficult to confuse it with anything. In children, the rash does not practically merge with each other, while in adults the rashes often merge, forming very large areas resembling erythema. Most often these sites are localized on the back and buttocks. And these rashes last a very long time - about 5 - 7 days.
- Enlargement of lymph nodes. Approximately on the second day after the onset of the disease, the person begins to become inflamed with lymph nodes. And no strict sequence can be tracked by doctors - axillary or inguinal lymphonoduses can inflame, and maybe both of them, and even some other group with them, can take with them for the company.
- Increased body temperature. Quite often, rubella in adults is accompanied by a very strong rise in body temperature - sometimes it reaches 40 degrees. And such a temperature gets very, very difficult. Unlike children, which in order to lower body temperature, it is enough to give an antipyretic syrup.
- Attacks of a migraine. In 90% of all cases, rubella in adults is accompanied by attacks of severe headache, which proceeds according to the type of migraine. Such headaches are almost completely knocked out of the rut of a person - and you can not get rid of them even with the help of very potent analgesics. Therefore, do not even try - just the liver with the kidneys "overload" just like that.
- Pain in the joints and muscles. In addition, the sick person experiences very strong discomfort in the muscles and joints. Sick people compare these painful sensations with those that are familiar to everyone and arise during colds and flu. And this pain is in no way connected with an increase in body temperature.
- Symptoms of acute respiratory disease. In children with rubella, the maximum that can develop is a slight rhinitis. But in adults there is a whole "bouquet": a strong cold, perspiration, and sometimes a sore throat, a cough, from moderate to very strong. If it were not for a rash, the disease could well have been a common viral infection. Yes, and symptomatic treatment at this stage, doctors prescribe exactly the same as in the usual acute respiratory disease. Unless with the exception of antiviral drugs - in this case they are absolutely useless, since the rubella virus does not have any negative influence.
- Lachrymation and photophobia. These two symptoms are very typical for an adult who contracted rubella. Sometimes even simple daylight entails a very tangible discomfort, not to mention the bright artificial light. That's why doctors recommend the sick person to be fully recovered in a separate room and with tightly closed curtains.
- Conjunctivitis. Approximately half of the cases of all diseases are associated with photophobia and acute conjunctivitis. And it manifests itself not immediately, but only on the third - the fourth day. It begins most often at night - in the morning the sick person simply can not open his eyes, because of the large amount of purulent discharge from the eyes.
- Pain in the testicles. Often, a man who has rubella, notes some soreness in the testicles. To be frightened of it it is not necessary - the pain will disappear at once after the man will recover. No negative consequences this pain for itself does not involve. And in order to alleviate the pain, there is only one way - a strict bed rest.
In principle, this is practically all the symptoms of rubellain adults. However, sometimes there is an atypical course of the disease, in which there may be more symptoms of the disease. However, of course, the doctor at the examination will easily determine the cause of the development of these symptoms.
Possible complications of the disease
As already mentioned above, rubella is veryan interesting disease. At children it proceeds easily enough, and here at adults - at the best an average degree of gravity of a current, and much more often - serious. But, nevertheless, most often, no matter how hard the disease goes, it passes without any negative consequences. However, this is only if you do not wave your hand and seek medical help from a doctor. Otherwise, the sick person will not receive proper treatment, which means that the disease will last much longer, and the current will be several times heavier. A similar with a very high probability can lead to the development of various complications. And one of the most serious complications that threatens in such cases is an inflammatory process in which the brain envelopes are involved. Agree, absolutely nothing to expose yourself to such a danger? It is much more reasonable to call a doctor in time and begin treatment. Do not postpone the visit for later - in fact, like any other disease, rubella has its incubation period. Its duration may vary slightly, but on average it is ten days. And, in spite of the fact that a person does not feel any indisposition at this time, the virus is already beginning to have a very negative effect on the human body. However, the greatest danger rubella is for pregnant women. And it's not accidental - the most likely mother of the rubella virus will not cause harm more than any other person. But the kid is very seriously endangered, since he too is likely to be infected with a high degree of likelihood. And to do mischief in the body of the future baby this insidious virus can do a lot - and first of all to provoke the development of a variety of vices. The most common is the hearing aid and the visual system. In second place in terms of the frequency of damage - it's bone and nervous systems, as well as the brain and some other internal organs. In especially severe cases, even intrauterine fetal death is possible. In order that you understand the seriousness of the danger of rubella for a pregnant woman, it is worth mentioning that in most cases, doctors insist that an infected future mother interrupts pregnancy. This is especially true if the disease struck a pregnant woman in the first trimester, when the main organs of the fetus are laying. In the event that a woman planning to become a mother, did not get sick with rubella in childhood, she should take care of prevention in advance. The best way to do this is vaccination. In any case, self-diagnosis and self-treatment in this situation simply can not, because it is fraught with a variety of complications. Therefore, at the first symptoms of the disease, just call a doctor. After all, the most precious thing a person has is his health. Therefore, do not play with him in Russian roulette, because luck is a windy woman, and one can never predict on whose side it will be this time. We advise you to read: