How to treat eczema on the hands? This question, unfortunately, worries a large number of people. Especially since summer is just around the corner. But in the warm season, the urgency of the problem of skin diseases increases at times. Therefore, it is better to stock up with necessary information in advance, which will help you cope with eczema as quickly as possible. And the first thing to do is to become familiar with what eczema is. Doctors call this term the inflammatory process of the skin, accompanied by a different kind of rashes. There are several qualifications of eczema - microbial, seborrheic, professional and true. This will be discussed in more detail below. Eczema in all cases is characterized by increased sensitivity of the skin in relation to various allergens. As a rule, with eczema, the skin of the face and hands is affected, in rare cases - the legs. The disease has a very long course, and relapses for eczema is quite common.
Types of eczema
As mentioned above, eczema is divided into several species. For proper treatment it is very important to correctly determine the form of the disease:
- True eczema
True focal acute eczema manifests itselfsharp edema and redness of the skin. On the skin appears a large number of small bubbles and papules that burst and merge into erosive wetting surfaces. A sick person notices the feeling of itching and burning. If a person combs the affected skin, infection is possible. In the event that this form of eczema takes a chronic course, the foci of skin lesions acquire a bluish-pinkish hue, and puffiness is less pronounced. Incidentally, erosive lesions are much less, and the itching with burning is much less pronounced.
- Professional eczema
Professional eczema is very similar toprevious form. Skin covers are affected mainly on the hands, forearms and neck. In all cases, the culprit of the disease is one or another allergen with which the sick person is forced to work for a long time. As a rule, this form of the disease is treated quickly enough.
- Microbial eczema
In the event that on the body of a sick person -as a rule, in the limb region - there are ulcers, fistulas or wounds, there is a very high likelihood of developing fungal skin lesions. They appear the same as all the others. But the main distinctive feature is a clear designation of borders. As a rule, almost all skin diseases are the most real indicator of the state of internal organs and systems of the human body. And eczema is sometimes only a consequence of diseases of the liver and kidneys, as well as the digestive tract. Let's try to more clearly identify possible symptoms that may indicate the development of eczema:
Treatment of eczema
So, it's time to talk about how to treat eczemahands. The main thing to remember is that the treatment of eczema should be comprehensive. The dermatologist doctor will definitely give you recommendations regarding the daily routine, rest and work. In addition, it is very important to follow a diet. From the diet of a sick person it is necessary to completely exclude all products that can cause an allergic reaction. It is highly desirable to carry out detoxification of the whole organism, purification from allergens. These procedures should be carried out under the strict supervision of medical personnel. In the event that a sick person has any problems with the gastrointestinal tract, they must be solved as soon as possible. In addition, the treatment of eczema necessarily involves the use of drugs containing corticosteroids. They are very effective in removing inflammatory processes in the body. So, the recovery also comes much faster. In addition, local treatment plays an important role. Its main goal is to eliminate the main symptoms of eczema - burning, itching, dry skin sensation. Also, prevention of the possible attachment of a secondary infection is of no small importance. To do this, in the arsenal of modern medicine there is a huge amount of a variety of means, for example, antiseptic and hormonal ointments. In addition, antiseptic and hormonal ointments play an important role in the treatment of eczema. But they should all be prescribed only by a dermatologist. Uncontrolled use of these drugs can significantly worsen the course of the disease. In addition to the above-described remedies, physiotherapeutic procedures are very effective in stimulating recovery. Physiotherapy removes inflammatory processes and stimulates regeneration. In some cases it is necessary to resort to the help of a physician - an immunologist, which will help to normalize the functioning of the immune system.
- Treatment of eczema with folk remedies
There are several effective waystraditional medicine, which are also very relevant to this day. However, remember that this treatment can not serve as an excuse for refusing to visit a dermatologist. And all folk recipes can be used only with the consent of the doctor, so as not to worsen the course of the disease.
- Broth of elderberry
Very well removes inflammatory processesbroth of elderberry. For its preparation place in enameled utensils 3 tablespoons of elderberries and pour a liter of water. On slow fire bring to a boil, cook for about 15 minutes and leave to infuse for two hours. Do the hands for every 4 hours. Do not wipe your hands - let them dry yourself, and then lubricate with any moisturizer.
- Baths with sea salt
At the initial stages of eczema development is very goodhelp bath with sea salt. Do hot baths with sea salt at least twice a day - in the morning and before going to bed. Sea salt can be purchased at any pharmacy. To make a bath, dissolve 5 tablespoons of salt in one liter of boiling water. The duration of the bath should be about 15 minutes. After that, rinse your hands thoroughly under running water and lubricate them with a moisturizing cream. The course of treatment should last until full recovery.
- Cucumber broth
And you know that the cucumber solutioneffectively helps not only during a hangover? Yes Yes! Do two times a day with a cucumber solution. Cucumber brine beautifully tightens erosive wounds. Although, of course, immediately during the bath, the sensations will be very uncomfortable. Be patient - it's worth it!
- Milk infusion of mother-and-stepmother
Mother-and-stepmother helps not only to eliminate burning sensationand itching, but also stimulates regeneration processes. Grind one hundred grams of coltsfoot, put it in a thermos bottle and fill with one liter of freshly boiled milk. Insist for about two hours, then drain the milk into a separate container. With this milk you can wipe your hands during the day, as moisturizing cosmetic milk. The resulting plant mass from mother-and-stepmother, put on the affected areas of the skin and cover the food film. Wear cotton gloves and leave overnight. Those who tried this recipe on their own, say that only 3-4 sessions almost completely cleanse the skin of eczema.
- Cream of aloe
To prepare this cream you will needan ordinary moisturizer and two twigs of aloe. Aloe must be crushed and squeezed thoroughly using gauze tissue juice. Mix the juice with the cream, place in a glass container and leave in the refrigerator for about a day. Lubricate hands with cream after each wash. Duration of treatment - until complete recovery. Now you know what eczema is, how to treat this disease, and how it manifests itself. Of course, it's much better that in practice you never use this knowledge. We advise you to read: