signs of menopause Climax is a natural physiologicalThe process, which is accompanied by age-related changes in the sexual sphere. In particular, it means the extinction of the female reproductive system. Many women regard the climax as the beginning of the end, but this is fundamentally wrong. Despite the fact that this period can bring a lot of difficulties and unpleasant moments, nevertheless they can be leveled. It is enough to know how the climax begins and how to behave properly during this period. different stages of menopause

What is menopause and when does it begin?

As already known, menopause is a period whenfunctions of the reproductive system begin to decline. The cause of menopause lies in the change in the hormonal background, namely, in the reduction of sex hormones in the body. In addition, if it is a prematurely started menopause, the reasons may be different, for example:

  • life situations that caused very severe stress;
  • Immunological diseases of the thyroid gland;
  • Sexual infections that were observed during puberty;
  • removal of ovaries and uterus;
  • production of a reduced amount of hormones in the ovaries.

Depending on the genetic predispositionmenopause can occur in every woman at different ages. Normally, menopause occurs in 40-45 years. But after 30 years, a gradual decrease in estrogen begins, the stock of which by the age of 40 is being depleted so much that the maturation of eggs ceases. For a while, the production of hormones is still going on, but their level decreases and can not reach the necessary concentration. The onset of menopause is directly related to the complete cessation of hormone production. In addition, there are cases of early (artificial) - up to 40 years - and late menopause - after 55 years. Usually women under 40 do not even think about such a problem. At the same time, doctors state that cases of early menopause have recently become more frequent. Therefore, even at a young age, in order not to miss the possible onset of artificial menopause, you need to know what symptoms it accompanies. On the one hand, you will be psychologically ready for the changes that your body is undergoing. On the other hand, you can get help from a doctor in time. Of course, menopause is not treated, but adequate therapy prescribed by a gynecologist can significantly alleviate the symptoms that accompany the menopause. As for the late menopause, it should be noted that although he does not bear any unpleasant feelings and psychological problems to a woman, it is dangerous because it is often accompanied by the development of tumors. Therefore, at any age, a woman must undergo a regular examination at a gynecologist. Usually the climacteric period lasts for 1.5-2 years, but all individually. Each woman experiences it differently: someone does not notice any changes in the body, and someone very much suffers from unpleasant symptoms. avoid symptoms of menopause

Stages of menopause

The climacteric period is divided into three mainstage. If you have an idea about them, you are easier to transfer climax from an emotional point of view, because you will understand what is happening to you. This is a very important aspect, which will be discussed below. Now we should consider the stages of menopause.

  • Stage one - premenopause

This stage occurs in women over the age of 40years. It is characterized by a decrease in the production of estrogen by the body, which manifests itself in the form of irregular menstruation, changes in the nature of the discharge (they may increase or decrease). This stage does not deliver any physical or psychological discomfort. It can last up to 10 years.

  • Stage Two - Menopause

Actually, this is the stage of the climax itself. It is characterized by the fact that estrogens are practically not produced, which is accompanied by a complete cessation of menstruation. The period of onset of menopause starts from the moment of the last menstruation. It lasts 1 year.

  • The third stage - postmenopause

It comes a year after thethe menstruation stopped, that is, after the second stage. This stage lasts from 3 to 15 years. Its duration depends on how easily the organism adapts to the changes that have occurred in it, how far the endocrine system can be reconstructed for them. This stage is insidious in that it can significantly worsen a woman's health and bring a bouquet of diseases: osteoporosis, cardiovascular system or thyroid gland pathology. mood swings during menopause

Psychological aspect of menopause

Climax is cunning in that, along with physicalunpleasant symptoms, it damages the psychoemotional sphere, and later the nervous system. The climacteric period begins with the change in the emotional background: sudden mood swings from gay to depressive, irritability, tearfulness, increased vulnerability, insomnia, chronic fatigue, some feel a sense of uselessness and loneliness, depression, increased activity is replaced by apathy and indifference to everything, the focus is only on his condition, fear of another bout of tide - all this is far from a full range of sensations and experiences that are familiar to very many women in the period limaksa. Therefore it is very important how you set yourself up. Once you have suspected the onset of menopause or the doctor has diagnosed you having a climacterium, you must properly adjust yourself. First of all, you should remember that the climacterium is a phenomenon, though unpleasant, but temporary. And if you have discussed with your doctor questions about how you can help yourself medically, then this condition can be ironed out. Secondly, do not repeat the mistake that many women allow: do not shut yourself in, do not limit the circle of communication, do not subordinate your life to the climax. On the contrary, continue to lead an active lifestyle, communicate with friends, relatives. Great, if you have any hobbies, and if not, then just give more time to yourself. Do not also be frightened of the changes that occur in your body, get irritated because of them and even more sever your irritation with others. Often a woman's new condition suffers from her close environment - her husband, children. Therefore, it is very important to learn how to control your emotions, and even better is not to succumb to them. Thirdly, give yourself a pleasant emotion. This rule is reduced to one: do more often what you like. Go to museums or exhibitions, if you like art; do sports - it will not only bring pleasure, but also will strengthen health and prolong youth, meet with friends. By the way, about communication. It's good if you communicate with women of your age who are also experiencing a climacteric period. Such communication can be useful, especially if you are very worried about the current state and want to discuss it with someone. But here it is important not to go head over into the problem. you must understand that you are not alone in what is happening to you. A huge number of women experience the same worries, experiences and physical ailments during the climacteric period. And, finally, once again it should be noted that menopause is not a problem in the literal sense of the word. This is a new round of life, which, like other stages, opens up something new for you, and your task is to find and accept the opportunities that this stage gives.

Symptoms that accompany menopause

There are some common symptoms thataccompanied by menopause. It is noteworthy that some women suffer literally from all, and others can not experience them. How difficult or easy a woman is going through this period depends on the level at which estrogen is located and at what speed it decreases. If the level of the hormone before the onset of menopause was not very high and decreases gradually, then the climax will begin to be asymptomatic, and the woman will not feel any discomfort. But if the level of hormones was high and decreases sharply, then the woman will experience a climacteric very hard. The climax begins with a change in the emotional background, namely - with the advent of emotional lability. If, along with this, changes in the menstrual cycle begin, it becomes irregular, then this is the first harbinger of menopause. Therefore, it is very important for every woman to pay due attention to this. At the initial stage, menopause is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • bouts of hot flashes, or hot flashes. These attacks are characterized by a surge of blood to the head, to the face, while there is an increased palpitation and pressure. Along with the fact that this condition causes a huge discomfort, many women frighten it, which further exacerbates the picture. Therefore, it is important during the attack to calm down and relax, thereby you will more easily suffer an attack, it will quickly pass;
  • sleep disturbance. Some women may have insomnia, some, on the contrary, have increased drowsiness. It is better not to solve sleeping problems yourself with the help of medications, but to consult a doctor;
  • trembling of the limbs, excessive sweating, flies before the eyes, there may be muscle spasms;
  • changes in appearance: the skin, hair and nails become more dry, brittle and thin.

Then the symptomatology either changes, or other symptoms are added to the already existing symptoms:

  • urinary incontinence, which can be either mild or severe;
  • the mucous membrane of the vagina is dried;
  • there is a decrease in sexual desire.

At this stage it is very important to pay due attention toattention to one's health, since it is at this stage that the climacterium not only causes discomfort in everyday life, but also begins to actively destroy health. If you let go of it, the pathologies of the cardiovascular system, metabolic disorders, osteoporosis, atherosclerosis, etc. can begin. If you have already discovered any health problems, hurry to consult a specialist to help the body as early as possible and not to allow aggravation of the problem.