Your baby has grown up and marks his very firstanniversary in life. He turned one year old. For the family, this is a big event, because now your baby has turned into a one-year-old crumb. He is experiencing a transition period of his life in many of its spheres. Changed habits, the regime of the day and new physical abilities. The kid actively creeps and tries to walk. The more movements, the more calories burned in the child's body, and as a consequence, its need for food changes. By the year of his life the kid will try new and unusual products for himself, and such changes require time and patience from the parents. In the body of a small man, there have been some significant changes. He already has teeth, and he improves his chewing abilities. The child tries to try everything for the first time on the "tooth". So the kid checks to see if he can cope with hard objects. The little baby is getting used to it, eating only fried and liquid food, so its interest in the new is understandable. In the stomach of the crumb appeared a sufficient number of new enzymes that help digest complex food. The new style of food should not only be based on increasing the satiety of products, but also give the baby a new taste experience. If your child at this age uses breast milk, this is not a hindrance to a new stage in the transition to unusual food, and is even considered a "plus" for his health. Let such changes become gradual and comfortable for your child. The food changes, its caloric content increases, so it is required to start making changes in the life of your child correctly.
How much to eat and when?
Every mother knows her dietchild and all its features. It is possible to leave a 5-time meal before the age of 2. It is worth paying attention to what desire the baby eats. If he does not want to eat in the last 5 feeding, bravely reduce the regime to 4-shazovy, as in adults. Doctors believe that the optimal interval between meals is 4 hours, during which time the food is digested, and the children are ready to eat with pleasure. During the transition to a new lifestyle, try to strictly observe the feeding schedule. The kid should develop a reflex, in which the whole digestive system works better and appetite appears on time. In a disorderly regime, enzymes are poorly isolated and food is practically not digested. Stop feeding the child between meals, especially sweet. At the age of 1 year, the need for energy is substantially increased, so that it is enough, increase the diet to 1200-1300 kcal. The amount of food is close to 1100-1300 ml. The baby should eat evenly throughout the day. For morning and evening, about a quarter of the diet, for lunch - about 35-40%, for a snack - only 10-15% of the daily volume. Products that are useful to the child should be balanced and natural, contain for each kg of the body weight of the child: protein and fat about 4 grams, and carbohydrates - about 15 g.
Breast milk: remove or leave
One year of the baby's life behind, you change itration, but what about breastfeeding? Though the crumb is already not a baby, but his need for mother's milk still remains. Pediatricians are convinced that even at this age the baby gets a lot of vitamins and substances that contribute to the proper development of the nervous system and antibodies that resist infections, from breast milk, which he continues to eat. In most cases, by one year the mother stops breastfeeding her baby as a baby. But it is worth remembering that a huge and important place in the diet is given to dairy products. They provide the body with B vitamins, calcium enriched bones and supplied with natural protein and fat. Try to offer your child kefir (starting with 100 ml per day), delicious yogurt (up to 200 ml). Keep track of the amount, an excessive amount of sour-milk products can overload the baby's stomach and provoke a loose stool. Choose foods that are specifically designed for children. They do not contain a large amount of fat and exclude harmful chemicals from entering into the body crumbs. Buy "live" yogurts, they have special live cultures that support a healthy environment in the intestines. Add cottage cheese and cheese to the diet. After a year of life, increase the amount of cottage cheese to 60 g daily. If the baby liked cottage cheese without additives - excellent. Otherwise, cook light meals from it. Casseroles, for example. Cheese is a very useful product for children of different ages. It simply needs to be turned on in the power mode. This product can be used as an additive to prepared dishes, and in its pure form. Suggest a piece of cheese to the baby, let him gnaw it with his teeth. Little by little, introduce low-fat sour cream. Cream choose the lowest caloric content and offer the crumb quite a bit, but better in the prepared dishes.
Vegetables and fruits on the table
After one year there comes a time when the babyyou can introduce new berries and delicious fruits. Mom should understand that new products can cause allergies. Observe how the child perceives new food. Offer crumbs to cherries, strawberries, cherries, peaches, kiwi, gooseberries, raspberries, cranberries, blueberries. Citrus can also be given to a baby. But do not overdo it - in such fruits there is a lot of acid, and they can harm the baby's stomach, causing allergies. With berries, the baby can eat in the form of mashed potatoes. Their skin is dense, and the crumb will be difficult to swallow, it can choke. If the fruit is soft (apricot or kiwi), cut it into slices. Grapes doctors are not advised to give a small one a year. It is difficult to digest and strengthens the intestinal peristalsis, causes fermentation and pains in the abdomen. The optimal amount of fruit in the diet will be 200 g daily. Accustom crumb to natural juices (preferably without sugar), per day you can drink up to 80-100 ml. The menu of vegetables should be replenished with useful products: tomatoes, beets, carrots, turnips, beans, green peas. Remember that beans should be heat treated, as they cause gas and colic, and children will suffer from pain. Vegetables are often used as a first dish. And cooked and grinded to gruel can be used for delicious side dishes. In the diet, add vegetable oil, preferably at the end of cooking dishes from vegetables.
Meat, fish and egg
A necessary product for babies in one yearis meat - about 100 grams per day of intake. It is rich in protein and essential amino acids for a growing body. Add to the new regime burgers, meatballs, meatballs and casseroles for a couple. Use those sorts of meat that contain a minimum of cholesterol: veal, beef, occasionally low-fat pork, chicken, turkey. Very useful for crumbs are the liver, heart, and tongue. Do not abuse goose or duck meat, as well as mutton. Such foods in excess are very difficult to digest. When compiling a regime of proper feeding, fish is an indispensable and valuable element. Give it to 30 grams, replacing the meat dish. Two times within 7 days will be enough. Cook it is required for a couple, and meatballs, cutlets or fillets are easy to stew. For the first year of life in the food should be present eggs like chicken, and quail. They are well absorbed and contain useful substances, vitamins and amino acids. At this age it is allowed for children to cook and bake eggs. Cook them 3-4 times a week, serving - half chicken or whole quail egg.
Cereals and bread in the diet
A one-year-old baby needs cereals. Buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, millet and others will be useful food. Prepare porridge, which is well boiled, it is easier to chew and swallow. Use pasta as a dressing for soups or garnish. Too often, they do not need to be cooked. 1 time per week is enough to get carbohydrates from these products. Add bread to full nutrition, preferably white (up to 1.5 years), it is well absorbed and gives energy to the body. The optimum portion per day is -100 g.
Adding Drinks and Sweets
Do not monitor fluid intake. The needs for each child here are individual. It can be associated with heat, abundant food or just a habit. Offer him water (preferably for baby food), juices (vegetable or fruit), compotes, fruit drinks (preferably without sugar), tea from herbs (chamomile, melissa). Mineralku and soda is categorically contraindicated to drink up to 3 years! Instead of sugar, use natural and useful fructose. Add it to sweeten ready meals and compotes. It is well absorbed and does not overload the pancreas. You can rarely pamper crumbs with sweets on fructose: jam, marshmallow. If he is not allergic, honey will become a tasty and useful product. Observe the total amount of sugar: a day not more than 25-30 g. Stick to a new and useful regime and be healthy!