proper nutrition of a child up to a year The most complete and proper nutrition of children beforethe milk of the mother. It, containing everything necessary for the final maturation of brain tissue, which is very important in emotional and intellectual development and for normal growth, is also ideal for metabolism and for all the features of the digestive system of young children. Therefore, the need for breastfeeding can not be overemphasized.

The importance of colostrum in early life

Breastfeeding, among other things,is also a serious protection for the newborn in terms of getting from mom and milk the opportunity to form their own strongest immunity. It is very important to put the baby to mother's breast in the first hours of birth. Colostrum, which she has, and at the time of his birth contains very valuable substances, both nutritious and necessary to protect him from various allergies and infections, which are very vulnerable to the baby in the very first few months of his life. In addition, colostrum contains components that help ripening and strengthening the intestines, preventing the development of dysbiosis and digestive system disorders. And another important factor - getting the baby colostrum in the largest number in the first hours gives the mother the opportunity to continue to produce high-grade breast milk in a larger volume. breast-feeding

Mom's milk is the best food

No, even the most modern, milk formula,developed by whole institutions, will never be able to replace natural food with crumbs. Whatever you see on the package with the most expensive dairy food and whatever it is advertised, the mixture will not change its composition according to the needs of the child, as does breast milk. All pediatricians in the world agree that if possible up to six months, the meal for the baby should consist only of mother's milk. There are special methods for overcoming the lactation crisis and increasing lactation itself, allowing you to continue to feed the baby exclusively with breast milk. The amount of milk arriving depends on how much the baby sucks. That is, the more milk it sucks, the more it is produced. Do not need a child no children's drinks, teas, widely advertised and sold in specialized stores, do not even need water. After all, if you give something to a crumb, it will suck less milk, which will lead to less milk production. And if the amount of milk allows, it is worthwhile to feed them a child in a year, and a half, and at a later age. It will only benefit him.

Breastfeeding, pacifiers and other

Breastfeeding should occur,how the baby is hungry. The same applies to the duration of the feeding itself. Earlier, there was a misconception about its duration, saying that you can not breast-feed for more than ten minutes, because the nipples will have swelling and cracks, which will lead to inflammation and other unpleasant things. But as practice shows, such problems arise because of incorrect application of the baby to the chest. It is possible to teach a young mother correctly to the breast of a child both in the maternity home and in prenatal courses. The main thing - do not limit the time of feeding, let the baby eat full. Breastfeeding should not be given nipples and pacifiers, the rubber surrogate slowly but surely begins to force out mom's influence, because the nipple calms and comforts. In this scenario, my mother gets a secondary role - the "giver of food." After reaching the baby six months, you can start thinking about the lure, corresponding to his age. But do not resort to it immediately, when the amount of milk suddenly decreased, you just simply put the crumbs to your chest, and the previous volume of milk will return. initial lure

Initial lure

In the baby's food for up to a year, starting with sixmonths, complementary foods can be added, but breastfeeding can not be abandoned even with a lactation crisis. The energy requirement of crumbs of 6-8 months old can be satisfied up to 70% with the help of breast milk. In 9 months this figure changes by 55% and by 40% - in the period up to the age of two. The essence of the most complementary food - in any case not to replace the milk of the mother, but to supplement its nutritional value. Lure it is worth starting with very small doses to allow the digestive system to adapt to it: half a teaspoon, if it's cereal or mashed potatoes, and a few drops, if it's fruit or vegetable juices. During the first week, you need to gradually increase this amount by adding lactation to breast milk, so the digestibility of new nutrition improves. At 6 months the baby's stomach is already ready for digesting more dense food. At this age in the body of the baby there are quite large changes, including the appearance of milk teeth. Gradually, he needs to get used to using teeth for his intended purpose with the help of not only thick, but also solid food in the future.

Home Feeding

Whatever the one-component pureeideal for the initial complementary feeding, the food should be gradually supplemented with other components, from which it is possible to make and mashed potatoes. In this respect, such vegetables are good enough: potatoes, onions, carrots, pumpkin, zucchini. For example, you can cook potatoes, carrots, onions, add parsley and all this to ground to a uniform consistency. And no salt, spices or sugar. You can use and similar canned mashed potatoes, but they often add buckwheat or rice croup. After consultation with a pediatrician, in puree and dairy-free cereals, you can add a little egg yolk and a couple drops of vegetable oil - corn, sunflower or olive. If a serving is 150 g, you can add a teaspoon of one of the vegetable oils, or 2-3 tablespoons of cream with a fat content of not more than 10%. All food should be a soft consistency, freshly prepared, from quality products, without salt, sugar and other condiments, as mentioned above, and have a temperature of not more than 36-37 degrees. It should be remembered that from seven months old the child must begin to get clean water between the feeds. home-cooking

Diet in 8-9 months

We continue to add to the baby's dietnew products. The number of products that can begin to take the child at this time include porridge from buckwheat, corn or rice cereal, as well as low-fat, iron-rich meat. The rules for preparing these dishes are exactly the same as in vegetable purees in the earlier months. Now the child can be given fruits, mashed meat, vegetables, various cereals, cooked with cow's milk, if the child does not have allergies. From meat at this time, rabbit and veal are good. Meat should be cooked until ready to cook, chop well and add a little broth. In the future, when meat takes a strong place in the children's diet, it can be mixed with vegetable purees. The baby, starting at nine months old, begins to learn to chew food. It is worthwhile to offer the baby small pieces of food that are comfortable to hold in the handle.

At 10 months and older

Children from 10 months old should start replacing meat,cut into minced meat, meatballs and steam cutlets. Let out children's meat canned food also will approach for a food since this time. It is necessary to introduce into the ration chicken and fish of low-fat varieties (cod, pike perch and the like), if these products do not have allergies. Fish is served for lunch instead of meat in a crushed form with mashed potatoes from vegetables. At this age there should already be feeding on time, three doses must necessarily be basic. Between the main meal the child can be given kefir, fruit, baby biscuits and bread. At the same time, you can begin to teach the baby to a spoon. Usually, by the year the mothers finish breastfeeding. The child, with the right approach at this time with food receives all the necessary nutrients. But it is worth remembering that it is wrong to wean the child during his illness, in the summer and when preventive vaccinations are carried out. Correct, full and varied nutrition will cover all the energy costs of the baby, while providing it with everything necessary for normal development and at this age, and in the future.