Beautiful Italy - "a living gallery of art", aboutmany people write and dream about it. The country contains a huge number of cultural monuments and ruins of ancient Roman civilization. Here, every corner remembers the great geniuses: Michelangelo, da Vinci, Raphael, Dante, Boccaccio ... That's why in Italy, more than half of the cultural values of all Europe are concentrated. And to study all the sights of this magnificent country, there is not enough life. Of course, and describe a verbally separate cultural corner for an infinitely long time. In turn, all these masterpieces in no way inferior to the richest natural beauty of Italy. Snow-white slopes of the Alpine mountains, golden beaches of the Mediterranean and Adriatic coasts, picturesque parks and sanctuaries, as well as transparent northern lakes and southern volcanoes will not leave a single tourist indifferent to this country.
Sights of Eternal Rome
Every city in Italy is undoubtedly a unique world. That there is only Rome alone! The heart of Italy is a city to which all roads lead. Of course, at the thought of the sights, the majestic Colosseo (the Flavian Amphitheater) is the first to be the largest Roman amphitheater. It was built around the year 80. e. It accommodated seventy thousand spectators of different classes due to its intricate design. Undoubtedly, in those days the amphitheater was a miracle of architectural thought and served for people as a place for various entertainment events, for example, such as gladiatorial fights. Mysterious ruins of the Forum - the ancient area of Rome, once there were social events, city fairs and even public courts. The area was huge: about 500 square meters. m. And along it is built the Sacred Road, through which religious ceremonies were held and warriors returned to the city. Once upon a time there was a place for the people's congress (the Committee) and for the building where the senate (Curia) sat. Today, in place of Curia, there is only a mock-up to give tourists an idea of the structure. In the center of the square is not less popular place - the remnants of the cleft of Curtius. Now they are covered with a stove, but about 362 BC. E., according to legend, there was a gigantic abyss. The agitated Romans turned to the oracle, who advised to throw in the crevice all the most valuable that they have. People carried and threw gold and jewelry, but nothing brought a result. Then the warrior Curtius threw himself into the abyss, all in uniform and riding a horse. Immediately, the cleft was delayed and made it clear to the townspeople that the most valuable thing for the city was themselves. On the temples of Dioscuri and Saturn, only the columns now resemble. And the basilica of Emilia, which served for market transactions and litigation, can only tell the ruins. Best of all, the Forum preserved the triumphal arches and the temple of Vesta, in which an unquenchable fire burned. Not far from the temple of Vesta are the remains of the temple of the Divine Julia, in which the body of Julius Caesar was burned. Another attraction of tourists at the Forum is the Pup of the Earth, where, according to legend, the connection between the Romans and the Underworld was made, and the Golden Mile, from which the distance of the Roman Empire began. Hill of Palatine. Excavations prove that it was inhabited since the 10th century. BC. According to legend, on this hill, the wolf brothers Romulus and Remus were found. It was from here that the Great Rome began to emerge. The most monumental creation on the hill is the Flavian Palace. Here you can see the ruins of the bath, the source, the stadium of Domitian, the garden of Farnese and the richest museum of Palantine, which will tell the story of the hill and introduce the emperors of different times. To the north-west of the Palatine Hill stands the Capitol. The life of ancient Rome was concentrated here. On the Capitoline Hill, the Romans repelled the attack of the Gauls, thanks to the famous "sacred" geese from the Juno Temple. Here the money was minted and Augustus built the altar of the First-born of the Lord after the heavens opened above it. To the left of the altar is to pay attention to the wooden baby Jesus. It is believed that he is able to heal the sick. If at the request of his lips reddened, then he is able to help, you just need to believe. Otherwise, the case is hopeless. Later Greek monks built a monastery here, and the Benedictines installed the church of Santa Maria in Araceli, which quickly gained popularity. From the foot of the hill to the church leads a steep staircase. On it you need to go on your lap to win the lottery. Being a tourist, it is impossible not to stroll past the magnificent Pantheon - the temple of the gods, in which the first rulers, the Italian kings rest and the modest grave of Raphael Santi is located. The building is very unusual due to its massive nature and a huge hole in the dome. Under it in ancient times was a sacrificial altar. There is a legend that initially there were no holes in the dome, but his evil spirits pierced him, having heard the sounds of the first mass. Today the Pantheon is crowned with lovers, and the mythical hole only gives a beautiful light effect to the room. Another attraction of Italy is St. Peter's Square - it is one of the largest and most famous squares in Rome, although officially the majority of it is in the Vatican. The square is named in honor of St. Peter's Cathedral nearby. According to legend, it was in the place where the cathedral is now that the apostle Peter was executed. The pearl of the cathedral is a unique altar with a passage leading to the underground tomb of the apostle Peter. Ancient temple was formerly considered the largest in the world, but after 1990 this title was given to the cathedral of the city of Yamoussoukro. In addition to all the listed unique places in Rome, you can stroll around the Place de Campo de Fiori, see the Altar of the Fatherland, take a picture against the background of the fountains of the Palazzo Venezia and Trevi, climb the Spanish Steps and smell the orange garden on Aventine. And how not to visit the Vatican with its sights!
The famous city on the water attracts tourists fromall over the world. The most beautiful city is located on 118 islands and is connected by more than 400 bridges. What a romantic does not dream of going into a gondola and going to meet his dreams, contemplating an unsurpassed medieval architecture, fabulous palaces and cathedrals. An excursion through the canals of the city will remain in your memory for a long time! One only has to see in the rays of sunset the magic Cathedral of San Marco! This historical and architectural monument is perhaps the most visited in Venice. After all, not every temple can boast of a unique painting and a gilded altar. Near the cathedral there is in its own way a beautiful area of the same name, which is the center and heart of the city. All tourists are looking to see one of the most beautiful and unusual buildings - the Doge's Palace, which for several centuries served as the residence of the government. The palace is rich in elegant, precious paintings and, undoubtedly, will not leave indifferent any visitor. Another creation of art is called the Bridge of Sighs, which connects the Doge's Palace, where litigation took place, and the prison. The author of the bridge is the famous Italian architect Antonio Conti. By the name of the bridge you can guess that sighs were left by the convicts, the last time looking at the beautiful Venice ...
Business and fashionable Milan
The capital of fashion - Milan - primarily attractstourism events, such as fashion shows, grandiose exhibitions, cultural events ... In this city you should definitely visit two main attractions: the Duomo cathedral and the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie. The cathedral simply beckons tourists from all over the world. A huge structure of rare white Candolian marble with chic spiers and an abundance of statues can accommodate up to 4 thousand people! The Duomo Cathedral is the second largest in Italy. The construction of the Church of Santa Maria del Grazie lasted about a quarter of a century, and it was built in the XV century. The church is rightly considered the most beautiful church in Italy of the Renaissance. The monastery adjoins the walls of the temple, in which the present work of art is still preserved - the fresco by Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper. This work, although it suffered a lot of restorations, but still evokes a powerful emotional response from visitors. It should be noted that access to this masterpiece is not very simple. It is necessary to book a visit in advance, which will last no more than 15 minutes.
The capital of love is Verona
This city along with Venice can competefor the status "the most romantic in the world". It was here, according to Shakespeare, the dramatic events of the sad tale of Romeo and Juliet took place. To date, Juliet's house is the most attractive place for tourists. All lovers rush to leave their main admission on the arch at the entrance to the garden and admire the balcony with the pseudo-Juliet, which now and then sends air kisses to the cameras. Today there is a museum in the house where you can get for a couple of euros and, if you're lucky, see a temporary exhibition. In the city there is also the tomb of the young Juliet in the courtyard of the monastery on Via del Ponthieri. Despite the romance, Verona is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The sights of this luxurious city are rightfully considered one of the most beautiful in Italy. For example, the Amphitheater of Verona (Arena di Verona) of the era of ancient Rome, which in its time could accommodate up to 30 000 spectators! In scale, it could well be compared with the Roman Colosseum. To date, the Arena di Verona is the largest open-air opera house. Being in Verona, one can not but visit the beautiful Cathedral, which bears the status of the most important Catholic cathedral of the city. In addition to the exquisite interior, a very valuable work of art is stored inside - the altar image of the "Ascension of the Virgin Mary", whose noteworthy fact is that the Virgin Mary looks not to heaven but to the earth, to ordinary people. Also in the cathedral are preserved works of art of great value: "Adoration of the Magi" and "Position in the coffin." When you visit the Chapel of Mazazzi you can see the tomb of St. Agatha.
Sights in Italy
It is difficult to imagine Italy without a colorfulLeaning Tower of Pisa on the Field of Miracles. The tower, whose slope today is 3.54 degrees, is a five-meter high bell tower of the Catholic Cathedral. It was built for 200 years, so the soil eventually sagged and made the angle of inclination more and more. Even its sights can boast the resort town of Rimini. In addition to amusement parks, you can visit the main attractions: Tempio Malatestiano, Brioni Square with the Clock Tower, Plaza del Arengo, the Theater Communale. Very rich in Florence attractions. The Renaissance is here in all its architectural splendor. The visiting card of the city is the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiori. A huge octahedral dome brought world fame to the cathedral. Back in Santa Maria del Fiori are two precious paintings - "Lamentation of Christ" by Michelangelo and "Mary Magdalene" by Donatello. And from the observation platform, which is located on top of the cathedral, you can contemplate the other attractions of Florence. Attracting tourists and the unique church of Santa Croce, which houses the tombs of more than 300 great Florentines, such as Michelangelo and Galileo Galilei. A very famous landmark of the city is the 84-meter-high bell tower of Giotto and the slender tower of the Signoria. To admire the values of Italy is impossible, just like describing them in an article or book. And to know only the main attractions of this country, you need to see Italy in all its glory and with your own eyes. That is why the "big museum under the sky dome" is visited by a huge number of guests!