To admire the beauty of flowers constantly or the time fromEveryone loves time. All flowers without exception have their unique charm, which touches us for the strings of the soul. But the universally recognized queen of flowers deservedly and quite justifiably called a beautiful rose. Experienced horticulturists and only novice lovers cause her equally strong admiration for her exquisite charm. But if you are fired up with the idea of settling this floral person of royal blood in your home, read our article. In it we will tell how to take care of a decorative rose so that to grow a healthy, full of strength and beauty the flower is fully capable of anyone who will set such a goal.
Conditions for the maintenance of decorative roses
There are many nuances, the observance of whichrequires caring for roses, but the result obtained from the invested effort is guaranteed to please you more. Of course, the rose is quite demanding on the conditions of its content. But is it not permissible for such beauties? But in gratitude for your constant care, for correctly applied knowledge about how to take care of roses, these flowers by their presence will create in your house a very special aura. Place under the sun In order for roses to please us with their regal beauty, take care to provide them with a sunny, bright and well-ventilated room. But do not think that the rose will be satisfied, if it turns out on the southern window. In the winter, it's fine. But in the summer there is too uncomfortable for her, because the plant will be very hot. Being in such unfavorable conditions for himself, the rose quickly opens the buds, and then as quickly hurls petals. Therefore, the most suitable for the stay of the flower will be windows with access to the south-east or south-west. From the first days of October to March, roses are preferably kept in rooms with a low temperature. Approximately 12 to 14 ° C. If you have the opportunity to ensure the content of roses at low temperatures, then initially choose a variety that can be kept warm in winter. Such, for example, refers to the Bengal rose. She does not have a rest period. If on short winter days you provide additional lighting for it with the help of lamps from about sixteen to eighteen hours, the rose will please you with flowering until the New Year. When the probability of frost is reduced to a minimum, which is usually closer to the middle of May, a rose can be taken out to the open air of a terrace, balcony or garden. He will bring flowers to the undoubted advantage. If plants are kept only indoors, they will die, no matter how hard you try to look after them. However, to accustom roses to the freshness of air flow should be gradually, starting with the regular airing of the room, while avoiding cold drafts. Water procedures and humidity The care of the rose is especially painstaking in terms of watering measures. You have to monitor the moisture in the pot daily. During the active growth of the flower, which begins in April and lasts until the end of September, you should regularly quench the thirst of the rose with warm water, in which there is no lime. The earth should be moist, but not wet. If your beauty will be wintering in the heat, then the regime of watering does not change even with the onset of the autumn-winter period. If it moves to a cool room, then watering can be limited, but without the risk of complete drying of the soil. Dry air in the room injures the rose: the leaves begin to dry, it loses buds. Therefore, try to provide her with a high level of humidity: put a pot of roses on a pallet with water, put a pebble or any other drainage there. Sprinkle the rose, but avoid dropping the water directly on the flowers, otherwise they will fall, staining before it. When wintering in the cold, the humidity near the rose should be reduced. Charming gourmets Providing competent care for roses, remember that they need a lot of food. Without regular feeding, the flowering of the rose will worsen. Starting from March and till August, a mineral fertilizer should be present in the menu every 14 days. By the autumn, the intensity of complementary foods can begin to decline, and to winter stop. Excellent effect on the state of the rose watering the soil with organic supplements such as solutions of avian or cow litters. Seven times measure, one cut, and then - plant Those who only joined the roses and only makes the first steps, starting to care for the plants, somehow regret cutting the branches. From such measures decorative shrubs become unevenly dense. But this is not the saddest thing. Too elongated as a result of excessive thickening branches cease to form buds. Therefore, always remember that pruning is a measure that the plant stimulates flowering. The procedure should be carried out before the beginning of the period of active growth, in the spring season. Do this every two years. Young roses should be transplanted in spring, annually. More adults do not need this. They have enough to change the upper layer of the earth, and directly transplanted can be done every two to three years. For the transplant, you must use loose soil. As for the soil itself, in shops without problems it is possible to find a special land for our capricious beauties. But you can prepare it yourself, if necessary. The optimum mixture for a plant consists of clay-sod soil (two parts), sand (one part) and leafy earth (one part). Watch for acidity: pH 5,5-6,5 is the most suitable for roses. Experienced growers noted that the decorative rose blooms best if planted in pots no more than seven or ten centimeters in diameter. There is another subtlety that all professional florists know. Freshly planted rose for several days should be placed in a plastic bag to maintain there a certain humidity and microflora. Soak the flower in such conditions for a while, and then you can start and gradually increase its airing. So the rose is better tolerated by the transplant and better acclimatized.
Caution - danger!
Among all the dangers threatening the flower, the greatestHarm can inflict such insects as aphids. They attack the plant, live in shoots, among the leaves, penetrate into the buds and flowers of the plant. Then they begin to feed on the cellular juice of the rose, taking away its strength and beauty. As a result of this activity, deformation of leaves and peduncles occurs. The rose weakens and withers just before our eyes. Its growth stops, buds cease to open. On the leaves, sticky dew settles - this is a discharge of hideous insects. After that, black mushrooms can appear here. As measures to free the rose from pests, begin its treatment with a soap solution, at least two or three times. If the scale of the infection is more global, then an actellic solution should be used. It is diluted in a liter of water about 15-20 drops. Another effective method of combating the disease with mites or aphids is the following solution: one should insist yarrow, then add to the infusion three to four grams of green soap, and then start the treatment of bushes. The treatment should be carried out as long as you do not make sure that there is no trace of pests.
Be fruitful and multiply
The most adapted for care and growth inhome conditions are only the root-able roses. What can not be said about their vaccinated brethren, who usually die already in the second year. Rooting is the optimal way to produce root plants. For this, green cuttings are used, which are taken from flowers growing at home. Approximately one month before taking the stalk, the rose begins to be fed with ashes and phosphorus fertilizers. In addition, it begins to spray with a solution of copper chloride, diluting it no more than 5 grams in one liter of water. For propagation cuttings choose shoots with developed buds, which either bloom or finish flowering. Cut the shoot with a sharp knife, dividing it into cuttings, which will have two or three kidneys. Before planting, place the stalk for six hours with one end in a solution of heteroauxin. It should be diluted as follows: 100-150 mg mixed with one liter of water. Plant cuttings should be inclined, not more than two centimeters. Keep containers with cuttings cuttings under the film, observing inside a high humidity and a temperature of at least 22 ° C. Immediately after planting, it is necessary to water the ground abundantly and to shade the cuttings from the direct rays of the sun. Rooting occurs within two to three weeks. At this time, it is necessary to air the seedlings daily and spray the cuttings several times a day. With all the subtleties and nuances that we described in our article, your care for noble roses will be so successful that in your house they will always grow in large numbers. Of course, everyone can only envy this development of events. But only white envy. It will be even better to take an example and start growing flowers that are so beautiful and delicious. Moreover, sooner or later, nursing will not seem so laborious - especially when you see its stunning results.