Drazen is called the genus of plants from the familyAsparagus. This can be both shrubs and trees. At the moment the number of species is about forty-fifty. Most of them grow in Africa, some subspecies grow in southern Asia and Central America. Many growers appreciate this plant and grow even several of its specimens. Today we will consider how to ensure good care of the dracaena and grow a magnificent plant. But first of all we want to tell a little about the most dracene.
Dracaena: first acquaintance
Most types of precious and decorativeplants that are designed for urban apartments and cottages. They perfectly decorate the interior and at the same time clean the air. For this purpose, both green and variegated varieties are used. The flowers of the dracaena can be white or blue, they are collected in a small whisk. Special decorative value of the plant does not represent itself, however, they fit well into the home flower garden. Cultivation of dracaena is not difficult: slices of stems are easily transported, it is a good planting material. All kinds of natural dracaena are divided into two main groups, which are based on growth habits. The first group is plants with strong trunks and dense, hard leaves. They grow in semi-desert areas. The second group is smaller plants, with slender stems and soft leaves. Grow in the tropics. As a rule, these flowers become houseplants. The resin of the dracene is a rich red color, which is also known as dragon's blood. Today it is used in the production of varnish for coating metal and paint for fabric. Local residents use resin to tint the wine, mixing the juice of dracaena with alcohol based on grapes. "Dragon Blood" helps in the treatment of skin diseases and gastric ulcers. In cosmetology, resin is also used for the production of paints. Hair colors based on this resin can give a fairly persistent golden hue.
Features of growing and caring for dracaena
If you decide to grow any plant, then youyou need to know how to properly care for him. In themselves, the dracenes are unpretentious. They are shade-tolerant plants, however, their variegated forms must necessarily grow in the light, otherwise they will lose color: leaves and flowers will become faded. Many room dracenes are extremely sensitive to dry air, so they must be constantly sprayed with filtered warm water. For spraying, use a spray gun. To ensure good moisture, it is recommended to place the pot with dracaena on a layer of gravel. Note that you need to spray the plant three times a week. If the ends of the dracaena are very dry, caring for them will not help, it is better to cut them using small scissors. Cut only the damaged parts of the leaves. Also do not forget to wipe the leaves of the plant twice a month using a sponge made of soft tissue. This will remove dust from the foliage, and dracene will be easier to "breathe". For dracaena at home, intensive lighting is required; but remember that direct sunlight has a detrimental effect on the health of the plant. Typically, the usual standard varieties need less light than the variegated and brightly colored ones. Best of all, if you create dracene shading - this is the best option for correct lighting. To the flowers and leaves of the dracaena always have a bright color, it is important to remember the temperature, which in no case should fall in the winter below twelve degrees. In the summer, this figure should not exceed twenty-four degrees, otherwise the dracaena foliage will dry soon. Care for all plants requires special rules for watering. It is from irrigation that many factors of plant growth depend. During the period of rapid and active growth of the dracaena, it needs to be provided with a greater amount of liquid than usual. As a rule, this is the period from spring to the end of autumn. In winter, the plant is in a state of rest, therefore during this period watering is reduced. Your task is to prevent rotting of the root system, which can be caused by waterlogging of the soil or, on the contrary, a strong lack of liquid. As a rule, first the stalk decays, then the root, and later the growth and the ability to reproduce are markedly inhibited. In summer, the plant should be watered twice in five to seven days, in winter it is enough and once a week. Now about fertilizers: how to feed the dracen? To do this, use special liquid fertilizing, which should be diluted in accordance with the attached instructions. Do not overabundance of fertilizing, otherwise the plant will seriously suffer: flowers and leaves will curl, and the roots will rot. It is important that the plant grows in good, properly selected soil. For dracaena it is better to choose clay or peat land. The domestic dracaena needs a timely transplant, which is carried out twice a year. If the plant has grown too large and can not be transplanted, then it is sufficient to simply change the upper layer of the earth. In addition, there are some features of reproduction. It is best to carry out this process in the spring or summer, when the room dracaena is actively growing. Reproduction occurs due to propagation, as well as rooting in the ground or in water. The length of one cut may reach ten centimeters or more, but there are also varieties, the reproduction of which is carried out by air layers or at the expense of seeds. In order for the plant to have many tops, it is necessary to choose a well-rooted tree, a young one, which is thirty centimeters high. He needs to cut off the tip, but leaves on the trunk must remain. After a while, the plant will shoot and shoots can be rooted.
Difficulties in the process of growth
Of course, as with all plants,room dracene is quite sensitive to some external stimuli. First of all, it does not tolerate drafts. If the dracaena is constantly at the open window or through the entrance door, soon her flowers and leaves will begin to dry, blacken or fall off. Low humidity also has a negative effect. On the leaves immediately begin to appear bright spots, the flower gradually falls ill, becomes droopy and faded. Once you notice such changes, you will need to rearrange the plant in a well-shaded but well-lit place. If, however, this did not help, and the flowers and leaves of the dracaena began to wither, then the entire withdrawal, from temperature up to the composition of the soil, should be reviewed. Frostbite is a common problem, because of which the room dracaena suffers. Frostbite is manifested by the appearance of speckled spots. They are usually formed on leaves. The same spots can also indicate incorrect irrigation. Use only clean filtered water. In addition, frostbite can manifest itself in the twisting of leaves or their darkening along the edges. This symptom is especially characteristic for gentle dracaena species. If you notice that the lower leaves turn yellow, this can happen for two reasons. The first is aging. This is a natural process, because the dracaena leaf does not live longer than two years, after which, accordingly, it dies off. The second reason is incorrect care: watering, feeding or temperature. Discolouration of leaves is another problem in the process of plant growth. This can contribute to the lack of the necessary trace elements in the soil. It is very important to prepare a suitable soil for dracaena, as has already been said. Pests can also hit the dracenus. As a rule, she suffers from mites and scutes. Often, Dracaena is ill and because of the harm caused by the mealybug and the black mushroom. Suffer the leaves, flowers, root system of the plant. Once the aggressors are discovered, you must immediately take action and save the dracen. Use special insecticides, which in a short time will cope with the problem. The main thing is to look after the plant properly. Try not to allow overabundance of medicines, fertilizing and fertilizing substances. Watch for temperature and humidity in the room. Then the care of the dracaena will not be difficult for you, and the plant itself will become an ideal decoration for your home, bringing in bright colors.