Orchid is considered quite demandingplant. That is why beginner growers often face the death of the flower immediately after flowering. So how can you avoid such trouble? How to prolong the life of this wonderful flower? First of all, it is necessary to select a suitable soil for it. And in this article, we will try to explain as much as possible in detail how to choose the right soil for orchids, what it should have, and how to not damage the plant when transplanting.
What kind of soil is needed for orchids?
Buying an orchid in a store, we purchasePhalaenopsis or cymbidium, which are bright representatives of plant-elephites. And what is surprising, for growth and vital activity, such a plant does not need soil as such. In their homeland, they have to live in rather difficult conditions. The tropical forests consist of trees with a very dense crown, and the elephites are located directly on the trees themselves, to be as close to the sun as possible. Flying its roots tree trunk, the flower feeds on the remains of vegetation in the cracks of the cortex and consumes moisture from the environment, the good in the tropics is a very humid climate. That's why the air roots for orchids are very important, they help to get food literally from the air. But for domestic growing, the soil is still necessary, because we can not give the flower the conditions to which he was accustomed at home. Of course, it is best to purchase the necessary soil in the store. But if you want to cook it yourself, let's see what composition of the soil can satisfy the overseas beauty. Bark, moss, charcoal, peat and roots of the fern - these are the components that are basic for soil preparation. They contain almost all the necessary nutrients for the normal growth and development of the flower. Moss is especially important if the orchid is still quite young. As the main substrate, it is better to take the pine bark, and ideally the tree should recently die, then in such a crust there will be a low content of resinous substances. The crust is ground with a conventional meat grinder (without knife and nozzles) and disinfected by boiling in a water bath for thirty minutes. Before use, the bark needs to be dried well. It should be noted that the bark has low hygroscopicity - over time it accumulates excess moisture, which can adversely affect the root system of the orchid. To prevent such a problem, you can put large bunches in the center of the pot. Depending on the type of orchids, the size of the bark may vary. If the plant needs a lot of air exchange, then the pieces must be at least two centimeters. Peat should have a stable coarse-fiber base and contain a small amount of salts. Shredded peat is not recommended. Charcoal perfectly improves the soil pH and best regulates the water regime. However, he also has a negative side - over time he accumulates salts, which leads to a violation of the salt balance during irrigation. Therefore, add charcoal must be very carefully. And if in the future you plan to often feed the plant - and at all it is undesirable.
How to properly transplant an orchid: practical advice
- In case of plant transplantation, in no case should the air roots be injured;
- The best pot for orchids is a transparent plastic container;
- For underground roots, it is necessary to ensure good drainage and air exchange. To do this, the bottom of the pot is covered with a layer of expanded clay, and the top is covered with wood bark;
- Rotted roots during transplantation are removed usingscissors, and the place of the cut is disinfected with a solution of foundation (for its preparation, 2 grams of fungicide and diluted in a liter of water). The plant is placed in the resulting solution for 40-45 minutes;
- The bark for the soil is best bought in ready-made form;
- Do not cut off the flowered flower! Very soon the orchid will again release buds;
- When transplanting a plant, do not immediately water it. This can only be done after six days;
- But spray the plant is quite possible.
Before preparing the compound for transplantation,be sure to consult a knowledgeable person. This will help you avoid mistakes. We hope that our recommendations will only benefit, and the orchid will give you a lot of new wonderful flowers! We advise you to read: