In the worldview of our citizens a few years agothere was a radical revolution. From the garden areas vegetable gardens, as an element of planning, began to disappear. The beds were a thing of the past, and replaced by lawns and lawns. But the land from time immemorial fed the Russian people, and therefore the gardens were forgotten undeservedly. Of course, any vegetables and fruits can be bought today in the bazaar or in the supermarket, but none of them can be compared to those grown by their own hands and torn right off the garden. So is it worth while to give up such pleasure? And do you know that the so-called green tourism has developed in the Far East? The Japanese specifically buy tours for which they pay a lot of money to enjoy independent growing of real vegetables and greens. And in Europe, which many so often try to equate, vegetable gardens are very popular. They are not refused even when the site is too small. Conservative Europe has found an original solution in order to combine useful with a pleasant, decorative garden.
We combine useful with pleasant
In France, for many years, there has beena famous similar vegetable garden, which is located in the garden of the castle of Villandry. It is executed in a regular style, and here the traditional vegetable crops with geometrically precise planning are very successfully combined. A large role is assigned to the neat curbs that support the form of planting. Decorative garden is a subtle harmony of good and beauty. And we, unfortunately, associate vegetable gardens with exhausting and dirty work. But this is not so. Of course, we do not need to be equal to Villandry and do curbs from a sheared boxwood. With this, salads, parsley and chives-onion will perfectly cope, the color range of which is very wide. Even carrots can serve as a magnificent design of the curb. A practical and aesthetic garden, decorative and beautiful, can be obtained if you decorate its beds in the form of divergent circles. Passages between such beds can be covered with colored rubble, gravel or chips. On each bed of the circle or its segment, you can plant one kind of herbs or vegetables. Well, in the center you can plant a pot of ornamental plants or build a support or a pyramid, which will be an excellent grate for curling beans, cucumbers or zucchini. For lovers of more traditional vegetable gardens, you can decorate a country garden in the style of a country. In this case, strict forms are not required. Moreover - vegetables can grow mixed with flowers, thus forming a kind of mixborder. Decorative attributes in this case can serve as old baskets, clay lids, wicker wattle fence and even a scarecrow. The main thing when creating such a decorative garden is your own imagination.
If cabbage, two carrots - there will be a flower bed
Let's try to consider from different points of view,what vegetables in the planning of the orchard deserve special attention. Curly parsley and lettuce in the list we have already brought. Now you can remember about different types of cabbage, which will be a great long-lasting "decoration" of your decorative garden. In any style will perfectly fit and Savoy cabbage. It is especially good after the rain, when droplets of dew sparkle with small diamonds on its large leaves. By the way, for many nutritional properties Savoy cabbage is much superior to white-headed cabbage. Decorative cabbage for use in a decorative garden in recommendations does not need. It has already been in flower gardens for many years, decorating mixborders and alpine hills, and also decorates the terraces of the house until the very late autumn. From tall varieties of this cabbage it is possible to create original stamping compositions, cutting off all the lower leaves of the stem gently. As a vegetable, however, this cabbage is not so good, but, nevertheless, it is quite edible. Excellent decorative properties have leaf beet, or chard. Especially spectacularly look petiolate forms, which have large curly leaves on powerful petioles of red, yellow or orange. Rich in sugars, proteins, calcium and iron, the leaves of chard go to salads, soups and borsch. And petioles can be eaten, asparagus, frying in oil. Very decorative look small-fruited tomatoes of almost all colors of the rainbow: from bright yellow, orange and red to pink and purple. You can choose any shape - "cream", "cherry" or "light bulb". A bed can be made even more original if instead of pegs for a garter to establish decorative support. However, in the second half of summer, tomatoes because of late blight may lose their appearance. But troubles can be avoided if the prevention is carried out on time. A mandatory attribute of the kitchen garden is the sunflower. The very first decorative variety was Krasnoy Solnyshko. But in recent years other types of these cute garden suns are already offering. However, the habitual habitue of the village garden will not look so bad in the decorative garden. Here everything will depend on what company and what background you choose for it.
Orchard development plan
No decorative garden can be obtainedwithout planning. And for this it is necessary to abandon the "rudimentary-row" thinking. To do this, you can try to start, for example, one, but a large bed. At the same time, they can put together everything that was planned to be planted separately. In the background, plant high plants - sunflowers, corn, curling beans. Then come plants of medium height, for example, high onions, tomatoes or zucchini. And, at the end, low-growing plants along the edges, namely salads, parsley, strawberries, etc. A bed can be made large by stretching it in length. And then you get a real mixboarder. Engaging in a decorative vegetable garden seriously, its planning should be approached slowly and thoughtfully. To do this, you need to study the features, draw a plan of the site, calculate how many seedlings or seeds are needed, and then proceed with the creative design of the garden. Then work in the suburban area from a heavy burden will turn into pleasure for you, and a boring vegetable garden will turn into a decorative vegetable garden. If your garden has long been broken into traditional rectangular beds, and you are not ready for radical changes in your garden, then you can make an ornamental garden by focusing on the central bed. This can be done with a solitary plant, which immediately attracts attention. For those who do not know, tapeworms are plants that are placed in the center of the flower arrangement in order to attract special attention to it. They, in fact, are decorative elements that compete with all other elements of the composition, and can be either of large size or unusual shape, or have an interesting coloring or very decorative flowers. A square layout can be used on a decorative garden. This makes it possible to enhance the effect of the decorative central square. If you are ripe for more serious changes in your garden, you can use a combined version of the square-diagonal-circular breakdown of beds. This will allow you to diversify the rectangular layout with a circular line. In all of the above options, the beds should be fenced with stationary beads. It can be a wooden fence, a wicker fence, and a metal mesh that allows climbing plants. In general, anything, there are lots of options. Between the beds is a backfill from any handy material: gravel, brick crumbs, rubble, or paving. Of course, the construction of such a decorative garden will require certain costs - physical and physical effort, but it's worth it, because the result is very attractive. Decorated so the beds form a beautiful geometric pattern, which can be very diverse - it all depends on your tastes and preferences. The main thing is to correctly withstand and observe all proportions. In addition to vegetables, useful plants can be used here, which drive off pests, for example, calendula, nasturtium, marigolds. In addition to the classical regular ornamental garden, where mainly geometric forms are used, it is possible to equip a landscape decorative garden on its plot, where the composition must be kept in an unconstrained manner. Vegetable and other plants are placed in it, taking into account the combination of shapes, sizes and colors of plants. And sometimes the vegetables, by their decorative features, are in no way inferior to the flowering plants, and they can be divided into beautifully flowering, ornamental, deciduous, curly and ground cover. Therefore, deciding to change your garden for the better in terms of decorativeness, carefully look at the vegetables that you grow in your garden. And then sketch on paper different combinations of them with decorative cultures. From next year you can already make some new beautiful compositions. If the composition is located in the center or in the free space, then it can be flat or with a slight difference in height with the top in the center, and if near the wall of a building or near a fence, the plants are planted here as their height decreases. When composing a composition, do not forget the viewpoint, which can serve, for example, a bench or even a gazebo. So, the general plan of the ornamental garden is ready. Now you need to arrange the details of the whole composition. As a basis for this are taken the canons, which act when forming flower compositions in the garden. After all, vegetable greens and vegetable crops also are both annual and perennial, and from them it is possible and necessary to create magnificent effective flower beds, mixborders and rabatki. When creating a plan, do not forget about the combination of colors. Very impressive, for example, look together chard with red petioles, golden-yellow marigolds, sage Lady in Red bright red color or nutmeg sage with purple leaves.
Scenery in the country garden
And now we will try to consider how to plantdecorative garden in the country. As a rule, the dacha differs from the residential house with a much smaller section. So, and the garden will have to be done in miniature. Placing plants in the "vegetable mixborder", consider that low plants should be located closer to the edge, and behind them - the middle. High plants are used either in the background, or in the center of the composition, or as accents, but they should be placed so that they do not obscure the permanently lower plants. At the same time, not only large vegetable plants, but also various supports, twisted by curling vegetables can serve as accents. Since we make the garden decorative, then we need to use vegetable, spicy-aromatic and medicinal plants, which, among other things, have decorative properties. Among perennial vegetable plants, this can be a multi-tiered onion, lovage, rhubarb, tarragon, lemon balm, etc. From one- and two-year-olds, you can use coriander, leek, oregano, mint, parsley, garlic, celery and a variety of lettuce for these purposes , which are very numerous in color. In addition, curly, openwork carrot leaves, contrasting red-green leaves of ordinary and leafy beets, coriander, basil, etc., are very decorative. Many colored types of vegetable crops, for example red cabbage or red salad, are not only more delicious than ordinary green species, but also and much more useful. Vegetable crops can be successfully combined with such beautiful and useful summers as marigolds, calendula, cornflowers, nemophilia, etc. Wide rows can be divided into zones for different vegetables by longitudinal or transverse cuttings from nasturtium, alissum or eshsholtsii. Good looking in the composition of complex zucchini compositions that have large orange-yellow flowers and rugged large leaves. In the foreground, you can plant chard or beets with green-burgundy leaves, and use salad and dill for the curb. Well, as a final chord, you can add that for framing a decorative garden you can use fruit and berry bushes, which today there are a lot of very diverse species. For example, bushes of white and red currants effectively look not only during flowering, but also when bearing fruit. The same can be said about the dog rose. In addition, you can try to form a "ball" on the stem or any other figure from such bushes. Everything is in your hands, and in a literal sense. Experiment! We advise you to read: