causes of mycoplasmosis Mycoplasmosis is a diseasegenitourinary system, as the causative agent of which are mycoplasmas. These are microorganisms occupying an intermediate between single-celled and multicellular (viruses and bacteria) organisms. Depending on the conditions, can refer to both pathogenic and opportunistic pathogens. Mycoplasmosis in women can have serious consequences, so if necessary, it is important to undergo the appropriate course of treatment. In order to identify the infection as early as possible, you need to know what mycoplasmosis has symptoms and manifestations.

Causes of mycoplasmosis in women

Mycoplasmas are considered opportunisticmicroorganisms. This means that they can exist in the body of healthy people without causing infectious diseases due to the absence of pathogenic properties. However, mycoplasmas are not always harmless. According to some scientists, this infection against the background of the presence in the body of other pathogenic bacteria may well lead to the development of the disease. Transmission of infection can be through unprotected sex, and during the process of labor from mother to child. symptoms of the disease

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Mycoplasmosis in Women

Most often, mycoplasmosis proceeds with hiddensigns. However, the first symptoms in women can be manifested in the form of scant, almost transparent secretions. Subsequently, pain can occur when urinating. As the infection spreads further to these manifestations of symptoms of mycoplasmosis, the inflammatory process of the uterus and its appendages joins, and there may be occasional, non-intensive, pulling pains that intensify before critical days. With prolonged inflammation, local immunity of the ovaries weakens and, as a consequence, different pathological processes begin to develop in the pelvic organs (salpingitis, abscesses, adnexitis, endometritis, etc.). The increase in symptoms of mycoplasmosis can be observed with hormonal failures. DNA detection is most often used to detect the disease. Its reliability is close to 95%. However, this method is not informative in the presence of purulent discharge. In these cases, an ELISA procedure is performed or sowing. The advantage of the ELISA method is its speed, as well as the results (several hours). However, the reliability of this study is only 70%. The sowing takes a longer time - about a week. But its reliability reaches 100%. diagnosis of the disease

Treatment of the disease

Treatment of mycoplasmosis in women shouldbe carried out without fail, even if the disease does not bother. Infection is extremely dangerous in pregnancy, because fetal infection can occur, which can lead to its pathological development, miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth. Therapy of the disease should be comprehensive. And not only the infected woman, but also her sexual partner should be treated. In this case, drugs of local and general action, immunomodulators can be prescribed. The main group for the treatment of mycoplasmosis is antibiotics. First of all, these are preparations of the tetracycline series, fluoroquinolones and macrolides. The choice of a specific medication is performed by the doctor based on the results of the analysis. Take antibiotics should be exclusively on the prescribed schedule. The course of treatment can last 7-10 days. Locally, candles containing metronidazole and preparations intended for syringing can be used. To prevent the development of fungal infection against the background of taking antibiotics, it is advisable to take antifungal medications. To avoid the development of intestinal dysbiosis, again when taking antibiotics, eubiotics can be prescribed. These drugs, which include lacto- and bifidobacteria. Restorative measures after local antibacterial treatment are necessary and in the vagina. For this purpose, candles with lactic acid bacteria are prescribed. With mycoplasmosis, as a rule, immunity is reduced. Therefore, its strengthening is necessary. To this end, patients are prescribed multivitamin complexes and natural immunomodulators. During the treatment should abstain from sexual activity, or at the same time apply barrier methods of contraception. When taking antibacterial drugs, it is strictly forbidden to drink alcoholic beverages. Upon completion of the course of treatment, a checkup should be performed to assess the effectiveness of the therapy. Not earlier than 10 days after the end of taking medication, you should give a gynecologist a test smear. This procedure should be repeated 3 times in the middle of each subsequent critical day. About the cure will be a negative result of bacteriological examination in each smear.

Prophylaxis of mycoplasmosis

In order to prevent infectionMycoplasmosis, it is necessary to avoid accidental sexual contacts. Sexual life is recommended to live with one sexual partner. In case of uncertainty, barrier contraception should be used. Every six months you should visit a gynecologist for the purpose of medical examination. If any infections are found, their immediate treatment is necessary. In order for the body to be able to combat negative factors, it is important to maintain a high level of immunity. When planning a pregnancy, one should be examined for sexually transmitted infections.