Often, many beautiful womensex can not recognize the symptoms and signs of cystitis in a timely manner. Trying to make their own diagnosis, the girls are wrong. And, as a consequence, they begin to be treated with absolutely inappropriate medicines and methods. Most often this is due to an unwillingness to contact a medical institution for advice and follow-up treatment. There are cases when it is strictly forbidden to engage in such games with a doctor, because the lost time does not turn into your favor.
What is cystitis: treating the disease correctly
They froze, bathed in the cold sea, tookcontrast shower, and the next day my stomach ached. Common situation? Almost all representatives of the fair sex at least once in their life faced with such an unpleasant disease as cystitis. This inflammation often affects the mucous membrane of the bladder, much less infects his muscle tissue. And if you do not pay attention to symptoms in time, the disease can go into a chronic form. And this, in turn, will bring a lot of inconvenience. The most difficult treatment is cervical cystitis. If it was diagnosed, it means that the inflammation has arisen in the region of the neck of the bladder (at this point it passes into the urethra). Classification of cystitis: determine the disease Based on the causes of the appearance, the nature of the course and localization of the disease, cystitis is divided into several basic types. Treatment, as a rule, is appointed by the doctor only after the establishment of the final diagnosis. On surveys and tests, you will take 2-3 days. Therefore, it is not possible to determine independently what you have. So, so that you know, cystitis is primary and secondary. In the first case, the fair sex meets with a similar disease for the first time, and in the second - it already was in the anamnesis. Depending on the cause of the disease, distinguish between infectious and non-infectious cystitis. The first develops because of getting into the bladder infection (ascending and descending). It is also possible to become infected by the lymphogenous route when the bacteria get out of the inflamed pelvic organs, and hematogenous. Features of cervical cystitis Neck cystitis is a fairly serious disease, in which not only the bladder but also the bladder is inflamed. As a result, the muscle tissue involved in opening and closing the bladder stops performing its functions fully. After some time, the urination process is disrupted and urinary incontinence can occur. Unfortunately, women only then turn to the clinic. Less serious symptoms are ignored. Types of cervical cystitis There are two types of cystitis: acute and chronic. If it is not properly treated for the first time, then very soon a relapse of this disease can occur. In fact, chronic cervical cystitis is difficult to identify. Because of the lack of pronounced symptoms, the disease often remains untreated. Many do not consider the reason for visiting the doctor a small discomfort and unpleasant sensations when urinating.
- Acute form of cervical cystitis
After the infection has got into thethe urethra, serious inflammation began. Temperature, lethargy, drowsiness, malaise - the first symptoms of the disease. A characteristic feature of cervical cystitis is the problem with urination. By the way, at times the fair sex does not even worry about frequent urinary incontinence (only 2-3 drops can be allocated). But this is only the beginning. If you contact the clinic on time and you are diagnosed with this disease, you will have to be treated at the hospital for about a week. Otherwise, you will have a chronic form of cystitis.
- Chronic cystitis
Most often this problem is facedthe fair sex. The reason is a violation of blood circulation, infection. Given that chronic cystitis occurs almost asymptomatically, women rarely go to a polyclinic. Rezi and discomfort during urination, many write off, for example, premenstrual syndrome. And only when the condition worsens, the girls decide on a visit to the doctor. There they also have to undergo a rather painful and unpleasant procedure - cystoscopy. However, only with the help of a special device can diagnose the disease.
The main causes of cystitis
The most frequent cause of the appearance of cystitis -infection that enters the bladder. As mentioned above, women have an ascending way of getting bacteria inside. This is due to the anatomy of the urethra and the location of possible foci of infection close to it. To exclude this way of infection, it is necessary to swim, wash off the genitals after emptying the intestine, use only clean linen, do not wear gaskets (usual and daily) longer than indicated on the package. Disregarding personal hygiene and hygiene of sex, you can endanger the health of the whole body. By the way, do not forget to wash before and after intercourse. Be protected by condoms, especially if the partner is unstable. Also, cystitis can occur due to prolonged use of antibiotics, which depressing the natural defense mechanisms of the body. Therefore, do not abuse drugs and engage in self-medication, choosing drugs at random. The fact is that every person can have their own reaction to them. Plus, sometimes antibiotics do not combine with each other. And if the doctor knows about this, ordinary people forget even to read the annotation and read the instructions. Sometimes the causes of the disease are called diabetes and any chronic inflammatory processes in the body. The risk of acquiring cystitis is present in cases when a sexual infection is not completely cured. It can serve as an impetus for the inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs, since the immunity weakened after various diseases can not always cope with its task. An accompanying unfavorable factor in the development of the disease may be unbalanced nutrition or hypothermia. Therefore, going to work or a walk with friends, dress on the weather. Believe me, beauty is not worth sacrifice. Try to exclude from the diet acute, salty, smoked food. Perhaps the development of cystitis due to sedentary work, prolonged constipation. Sometimes the lovers of too tight clothes suffer from this disease. This is not the main reason, but the presence of several unfavorable factors increases the likelihood of the appearance of cystitis.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Cystitis
All forms of cystitis manifest themselves in different ways. The aggravation, as a rule, comes suddenly. It is enough to give a push (catch a cold, eat something else, etc.). Characteristic features of this form are very pronounced symptoms. The patient feels a sharp pain when urinating. Sometimes there is an increase in temperature. Desires for evacuation can be felt too often, even if a very small amount of urine has accumulated. Urination becomes difficult. Due to the inflammatory process, urine may change color. It becomes cloudy and gets an unpleasant sharp smell. In some cases, blood and purulent discharge are observed. Because of discomfort and a painful condition, nervousness and apathy appear on the general background of the disease. To identify the chronic form of cystitis, it is better to diagnose. The fact is that his symptoms are similar to the acute form, but they are less pronounced. Often this complicates the diagnosis. For the diagnosis of cystitis, you must surrender the material for urine culture. This will help identify the pathogens of inflammation and prescribe the right treatment. Also tests are being conducted for the detection of sexually transmitted infections. A blood test is necessary to determine the general condition of the body and identify the inflammatory process. In some cases, ultrasound examination of the bladder and kidneys, and biopsy may also be required.
Treatment of inflammatory processes in the bladder
After establishing an accurate diagnosis, of course,made on the basis of the results of the tests and examination, a complete cystitis treatment is prescribed. If there is an exacerbation, all activities will be aimed at removing pain and preventing further spread of the infection. The drugs that help to eliminate spasms of the muscular tissue of the bladder, as well as drugs that counter the inflammatory process are used. An abundant drink and bed rest are prescribed. Contraindicated are any physical exertion, visits to the solarium, swimming pool, baths, saunas, etc. For effective treatment, a gentle diet is prescribed. It excludes sharp, salty, smoked dishes and, of course, alcohol. Moderate nutrition and drinking does not irritate the mucous membranes, and this has a beneficial effect on the final result of treatment. If a representative of the fair sex has constipation, then you can get rid of it with the help of soft laxatives or enemas. A balanced diet and liquid food (soups, borsch, milk porridge) will help to eliminate this undesirable phenomenon. In the treatment of chronic forms of cystitis, a complete outflow of urine is first restored. To do this, all inflammation foci are identified and immediately eliminated with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory or antifungal therapy. To the body easier to tolerate the use of various drugs, immunotherapy and special auxiliaries for normal liver function are prescribed.
Traditional medicine against cystitis
Traditional medicine can perfectly help you intreatment of cystitis, but only as concomitant therapy. Herbal infusions from special herbs are taken to improve urine flow. The diuretic effect of some herbs is known to us for a long time and is successfully used for the prevention of many diseases. With full-fledged phytotherapy, you need to temporarily stop using antibiotics, so be sure to consult your doctor about this. In some cases, taking antibacterial drugs can not be abolished categorically. Also, do not engage in self-medication, because most often the diagnosis, set solely on conjectures, is incorrect. The disadvantage of phytotherapy is the need for long-term treatment. The positive effect of herbal decoctions can be felt only in the second or third week. And from the drugs - on the fourth day. Sometimes in folk medicine for treatment of cystitis is used warming up. An effective method is to steam the legs in hot water or milk. Often in the treatment of cystitis a hot red brick is used. You can use as a warmer almost all improvised means, but if there are blood impurities in the urine, then the treatment with heat will only increase the bleeding.
Prevention of cystitis: how not to get sick again
As prevention it is recommended to avoidconstant sitting work, tight things, so that blood does not stagnate in the pelvis. To improve peristalsis, it is enough to lead a healthy lifestyle and eat right. With a sedentary work, try to warm up more often. Daily it is necessary to drink at least two liters of liquid. The best drink for the prevention of cystitis is cranberry juice or juice. Do not neglect routine examinations, and also regularly test for genital infections. There is a high probability of damage to the mucous membrane of the bladder during instrumental examinations, so it is better to avoid them if there is no urgent need. To exclude relapses, you need to regularly strengthen the immune system and do not overcool. The main preventive measures are hygienic procedures. These simple daily manipulations will rule out the appearance of an unpleasant disease. Do not postpone for a full examination and treatment in the clinic. After all, many diseases can occur almost asymptomatically, while causing enormous harm to the body. Some seek professional treatment too late. In most cases, when a large area of the bladder is already affected. And while the fair sex is afraid or hopes for a miracle, irreversible changes begin to take place in the body. As a rule, the consequences of such processes must be corrected throughout life. To maintain normal health requires constant medical examinations, treatment for exacerbation of a chronic disease. To avoid all the above troubles, it is enough just to monitor your health and not postpone the diagnosis for later. Many problems will be saved by a healthy lifestyle, as well as the prevention of diseases, to which there is an inclination. We advise you to read: