Pregnancy is, perhaps, the most joyful anda significant event in the life of the future mother. After all, during the next nine months she will have a small baby in her tummy. Women who have known the happiness of motherhood, say that these feelings are incomparable. However, at the same time, the fair sex representatives expect a lot of problems that they will have to constantly struggle with. So, for example, a reason for serious concern may be a period that does not stop going in the early stages of pregnancy. The main thing in such situations is not to panic, but immediately to seek help from a specialist - gynecologist or therapist.
Can they go monthly in the first trimester
Noticing bloody discharge on the linen, manywomen themselves make a diagnosis - the threat of miscarriage. But is this really so? According to the ladies at the forums, some future mothers did not stop their periods until the very birth or before the second trimester. Of course, this does not happen very often. Plus, who should be more trusted? Unknown person who is on the other side of the screen? Or specialists who claim that in any case, if you have started bleeding, you should call an ambulance. Only in the hospital will the doctor be able to determine whether this is really safe. Note: doctors claim that spotting that appear in the early stages of pregnancy is not monthly. First, let's look at what menstruation is. So, once a month in the body of a woman an ovum produces an egg. After full maturation, it gradually moves to the uterus, where it "expects" fertilization. If it does not, it "dies". In the so-called critical days there is a rejection of the functional layer of the uterine mucosa, along with it comes out and outlived its egg. All this action is accompanied by a small bleeding, a pain in the lower abdomen. In this case, the blood has a darker and more saturated color, plus, immediately it does not fold. This is due to the presence of certain enzymes, which are contained in it in a fairly large amount. Thus, what happens in the early stages of pregnancy can not be menstruation. This is the usual bleeding. However, there is one thing here, which you should always remember. During pregnancy, real monthly can really go, but only in the first two to three weeks, not later. The reasons can be two. The first one is optimistic. In the ovaries of the future mother, two eggs matured. It happens very rarely, but it does happen. One of them has time to fertilize, and it is fixed. The second remains "empty", so it is rejected. As a result - menstrual bleeding. As for the second case, then everything is more complicated. As you remember from the school lessons of biology, in the fair sex, ovulation occurs on average on the 15th day of the cycle. After you made love with your young man, fertilization of the egg occurred. It gradually begins to move into the uterine cavity, where it is implanted. On average, everything takes about a week, not less. But sometimes there is a hitch, and then the whole action is delayed by 10-14 days. After it is fixed, our body begins to give a signal that everything went well. As a result of the above actions, the body of the expectant mother begins to completely change, progesterone - a special hormone is produced. It is he who is responsible for the development of the fetus. But sometimes there is a malfunction, the signal is not being served on time, no changes are taking place in the woman's body. All this ends with a period. By the way, often during the fixation of the fetus, blood is also sometimes released. It can be 2-3 drops, but no more.
When monthly - warning of danger?
- Injury of the cervix
Did you know that in some countries doctors do notrecommend going to the hospital for pregnant women, until five weeks after conception? In the early term there is a risk of injury to the cervix, for example, if a gynecologist tries to take a smear. As a result - can go monthly. By the way, that's why during pregnancy it is also not recommended to have sex. If bleeding does occur, it is recommended to do an ultrasound. This will help to understand whether everything is good with your body, and also to establish how the embryo develops. Do not worry, even if there was a mechanical trauma, you can take out a healthy baby.
- Ectopic pregnancy
Also, menstruation can be with ectopicpregnancy, when a fertilized egg is attached not to the uterine cavity, but beyond. The first sign is bleeding, pulling and aching pain in the lower abdomen. As you know, in this case, there can not be any birth of a child. Where there is a fetus, there are no conditions for its development. Therefore, urgent surgical intervention (abortion) is needed, otherwise the consequences can be sad, up to a lethal outcome. Now let's look at the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy. The manifestations of this pathology can be the following: nausea, drowsiness, increased appetite, swelling of the chest, soreness of the nipples. Often in the first weeks of serious signs are not found. And only somewhere from the second month there is a pain in the lower abdomen. It can be a normal noisy, as with the monthly, and cutting, as if something sharp stuck inside. Pay attention: first it hurts just below the abdomen (on the right or left side), and after bleeding occurs, unpleasant sensations occur in the area of the anus, and under the spoon, and even in the upper back. Often, women are hurt even to go to the toilet. Important! If the bleeding is internal, the menstruation may not go. Everything can flow precisely into the abdominal cavity. In this case it is life-threatening. As for uterine bleeding, it is not always abundant. There may be scant excretions - just a couple of drops. The next stage is the onset of a shock state. Women can fall into a faint, they have a pallor of the skin, blood pressure is greatly reduced. Usually such pathology is found in only 2% of cases. Therefore, do not immediately think about the worst. But still, if you have any symptoms, do not drink painkillers and hope for a miracle. Immediately address to the hospital. The longer you wait, the worse. In the clinic you will be asked to do an ultrasound, which will help to determine if there is an egg in the uterus cavity, and also to determine the amount of fluid in the stomach to prevent bleeding. Other tests may also be required - GKCH, transvaginal study. And only after the diagnosis is confirmed, will the interruption of pregnancy. If the fair sex is in serious condition, she has a bleeding, then she will immediately be operated on. In this case, remove the egg, which is the cause of all these troubles. If there is a rupture of the uterine tube, it is also excised. When the ectopic pregnancy is determined during the examination in the early stages, while the lady feels well, she can be offered chemotherapy. This means that the patient will be introduced a special drug that will stop the development of the embryo, and then cause the resorption of the egg. Who is at risk? In fact, doctors do not fully know why some women fetal the fetus correctly, while others do not. But there is a category of women who are most susceptible to the occurrence of an ectopic pregnancy. So, it can be women who have had an operation in the abdominal cavity before, people using certain contraceptives (hormonal). By the way, after surgery, such representatives of the fair sex will need to pass tests and undergo a checkup to exclude the presence of a tumor of the uterus and ovaries, to make sure that there is no abnormality of the genital organs. Also, the cause can serve as hormonal failure, inflammatory processes, infectious diseases, sexually transmitted infections. Also worth mentioning is the effects of ectopic pregnancy. If you do not heal and do not wait half a year before the second conception of the baby (minimum), this problem can happen again. Plus, there are risks that in the future the lady simply can not have a child. After examination, long procedures, IVs and medications, the chance to have a baby is 50%. Therefore, it is so important not to run yourself, not to fall into a prolonged depression and not engage in self-flagellation, but immediately act. Of course, this is difficult to do, but for the sake of the future child it is necessary to try.
- Risk of miscarriage
If a woman enters during pregnancyhospital with bleeding, then the threat of miscarriage - this is the first thing she suspects. It does not matter whether such anomaly is accompanied by painful sensations or not. After the ultrasound and the analysis for hCG, the future mother is put on treatment in a hospital. In this period, all kinds of loads are completely contraindicated. Both physically and emotionally, she must rest. Heat, bed rest and complete rest - only so you can ensure the normal course of pregnancy. For the time that the lady will be in the hospital, she will have to undergo a lot of research. And after the cause of bleeding is revealed, all efforts will be directed to its elimination. Unfortunately, in some cases, medication is also needed, which can adversely affect the health of the baby's future.
- Frozen pregnancy
Bleeding in the first and second trimesters cantestify to the fading of the fetus. Unfortunately, at the very beginning (up to 14 weeks) it is difficult to diagnose the arrest of embryo development. Often, signs disappear that indicate pregnancy - toxicosis, chest pain, etc. Only after some time, the first symptoms appear - the pain and pain in the lower abdomen, excretion with blood, poor health. The girl's body, as it were, tries to get rid of the alien body. It is impossible to diagnose fading yourself. Only an experienced doctor can do this during the examination. To confirm or disprove his assumptions, a woman will have to do ultrasound and donate blood to hCG. And, if the tests are positive, you will have to have an abortion. Pay attention: in the first months of pregnancy the body of a woman can independently get rid of the fetus. Ladies who do not know that they are in a position, often take this for menstruation. The situation is worse if the fetus does not come out. In such circumstances, medical intervention is necessary. Here, as with ectopic pregnancy, or surgically solve the problem, or with drugs that stimulate uterine contraction. If to you have diagnosed - not developing pregnancy, to think there is no time. The longer you wait, the worse for you. The presence of an alien organism in your body can lead to the syndrome of ICE. And this is fraught with the incoherence of blood. And if in that case bleeding begins, it will be almost impossible to stop it. Why does fetal fading occur? Guilty can be either genes, or infection, or problems in the work of the hypothalamus-pituitary system. There are cases when the fetus stops developing because of Rh-conflict with the mother. The danger is great, if before that, a woman with a negative Rh factor made at least one abortion in the past. The fact is that in the body of such a representative of the fair sex during each pregnancy, antibodies are produced. They are the cause of fading. Plus, due to an artificial interruption, hormonal failure, injury or infection of the cervix could occur. Therefore, in our time, experts recommend that at first pass examinations, both to men and women. And only after genetic and other anomalies are not identified, you can begin planning the child. The same applies to women who had a history of this problem. First we find the reason, eliminate it, undergo a full treatment, wait six months, while protecting ourselves. And only when the doctor gives good, we start the baby.
We hand over analyzes at a bleeding
If the girl is pregnant and she started her period at an early age, she may be asked to do the following tests and examinations:
- a blood test or urine test to check the level of progesterone
Having passed the analysis on hCG, you can determine whether there isany pathologies and abnormalities. If the level of progesterone is normal, then it can be argued that pregnancy is good, the fetus is properly developing. In the first week, the results should not exceed 16-156 mU / ml. In the second week this indicator should correspond to 101-4870 mU / ml. Etc. If serious abnormalities are observed, the pregnant woman may be asked to take blood again (but only after 48 hours). Indicators below the norm indicate that the lady may have a dead pregnancy or a threat of miscarriage. With ectopic there is also a delay in increasing the level of hCG. In normal circumstances, this indicator is doubled, and every 3 days. In rare cases, there may be minor deviations.
- cervical examination
The doctor will need to examine you tomake sure that the cervix is sufficiently closed. Do not be afraid, this procedure is not painful. The doctor will only introduce a special mirror to inspect and assess the condition. If this is an experienced specialist, he will only be able to determine from one external appearance whether there is a threat of spontaneous abortion.
- carrying out of ultrasonic research
Ultrasound is usually done three times, more precisely - inmiddle of the first, second and third trimesters. This, of course, ideally. When bleeding you can also be sent for examination, both on the abdominal (when the apparatus is driven to the stomach), and on the vaginal. Only after receiving these analyzes can you make serious conclusions. Until then, you will have to stay in ignorance. In this case, do not tune in to the worst, because our thoughts are material. Plus, if there is a threat to your health, it is better now to take all the necessary measures than then long and persistently to be treated for infertility. And do not forget that most women who had bleeding still endured and gave birth to healthy offspring.