In our time, probably, no pregnancy isdoes without the use of any pharmacological drugs, at least multivitamin complexes. There are many reasons for this - it's a bad ecology, and weaker health of modern women, and a lot of other factors. And, of course, any future mother worries about how this or that drug will affect the health and development of crumbs. This article will talk about diuretics in edema. After all, edemas are the real scourge of a very large number of pregnant women. And it is drugs that are prescribed to them more often than others. Swelling in most cases is the cause of excess weight of a pregnant woman. But for the weight of the future mother should watch especially carefully, since his excessive increase does not bring either mom or baby anything but harm. This problem is most relevant for those pregnant women who suffer from such chronic diseases as diabetes, cardiovascular system or kidney pathology. In such cases, the appearance of edema occurs due to the fact that the body simply does not have enough time to excrete excess water and naturally accumulates in the tissues. It is for the solution of this problem that the treating doctor-gynecologist can prescribe to a pregnant woman special preparations called diuretics. Most often, doctors prescribe two drugs for prescribing pregnant women: the plant preparation "FITOZILIN" and "FUROSEMID". "Phytosolin" acts quite gently, not bringing any harm to either the future baby or the pregnant woman herself. He has no other contraindications, except individual intolerance of the drug, therefore it is used widely enough and without any special fear from the gynecologist. "Furasimide" is a very serious, potent diuretic. Of course, it is very effective, but it has quite a lot of side effects. Therefore, it is prescribed only in extreme cases - if the pregnant woman has very strong swelling and significantly increased blood pressure.
Features of Furosemide
So, what does a pregnant woman needpay close attention in the event that the doctor has appointed her to take this diuretic drug? First of all, strict adherence to the prescribed dosage. Usually, the drug usually starts with 50 mg per day. In the event that this is necessary, the dosage of the drug may be increased, however, only under strict medical control of the weight of the pregnant woman and the condition of the future baby. In no case should we forget that when taking such a strong diuretic drug there is always a risk of dehydration. And dehydration of the body during pregnancy is no less dangerous than swelling. Therefore, the future mother should necessarily discuss with her doctor in charge such a question as the amount of fluid consumed per day. In the event that waiting time for your crumbs fell on summer months, remember that "furosemide" greatly increases the susceptibility of the skin to the sun's rays. Therefore, try to limit as much as possible your stay under the open rays of the sun. In the same case, if you notice a urticaria or rash, seek medical help as soon as possible. In addition, "furosemide" worsens the thermoregulation of the pregnant woman's body. In the hot season of the year, women taking this drug are more exposed to heat shocks than others. You should remember this, and try not to overheat in any way. Also, this drug promotes the active excretion of potassium from the body of a pregnant woman. A potassium is vital for the normal functioning of the body and the development of pregnancy. As a rule, doctors - gynecologists remember this feature of the drug, so prescribe a pregnant woman potassium-containing drugs and a diet rich in potassium. Be careful when taking this medication, as it often provokes severe dizziness in a pregnant woman, especially when a woman rises from a reclining or sitting position. Do not forget this feature to avoid falls. Get up very carefully: first, lower your legs from the bed, and only after a couple of minutes stand up yourself. If you rise from the chair, do it slowly, and stay for a while next to the chair - until you make sure that your head is not spinning. In some cases, "furasimide" can significantly reduce hearing. As a rule, this phenomenon is temporary. However, sometimes these changes remain unchanged. Especially this risk is increased in those cases, if "furasimide" is taken simultaneously with antibacterial drugs. In the event that for any reason a pregnant woman has any surgical intervention, even the most common dental treatment, she should not forget to inform the doctor who is taking the intervention that she is taking the diuretic. Do not take concomitantly with "furosemide" any other medicines, especially those intended to combat cold and viral diseases. Although, strictly speaking, a pregnant woman should not take any medications on her own without consulting her gynecologist. And this is true in any case, regardless of whether the pregnant woman takes medications, or not. Self-medication during pregnancy is unacceptable, as it jeopardizes not only the health of the future mother, but also the life of the unborn child. Probably, this is not what it says, but still - when taking furosemide in any case, you should not drink alcoholic beverages. In order to avoid the occurrence of irritation of the gastric mucosa, the pills are recommended for drinking with milk, or taken simultaneously with food. In the event that a pregnant woman should take the medicine more than once a day, it is worthwhile to distribute the intake time so that the last dose of the drug is taken no later than six in the evening. Otherwise, endless trips to the toilet at night are simply unavoidable. In the event that for some reason a woman missed taking the drug, she should not in any case take a double dose. Otherwise, an overdose of the drug is simply unavoidable. And for mom and baby, nothing but harm, it will not bring.
Alarming signals and contraindications
In the event that a woman feels anymalaise, one way or another associated with taking the drug, it should as soon as possible to call a doctor, or independently seek medical help. Such symptoms include:
- Feeling of severe dryness in the mouth.
- Severe pain in the stomach or other abdominal area, especially accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
- Muscle cramps, pain in the joints.
- Feeling hot or chill.
As already mentioned above, all pregnant womenprescribe this drug is necessary with great care, and only under close medical supervision. However, there are some diseases that are the strictest contraindications to the administration of this drug. Ignoring them can lead to the most unpredictable and tragic consequences. So, such contraindications include:
- Acute renal failure, both with and without urine.
- Hypokalemia is a significant decrease in the level of potassium in the blood.
- Any coma, whatever they are caused.
- Diabetic coma.
No doctor will risk his mother and child's life, prescribing this drug in such a situation.
The effect of diuretics on the baby
As you can see, any diureticthe drug is not so harmless, as it may seem at first glance. In addition, they have a significant impact not only on the body of a pregnant woman, but also on the developing child. Very many side effects affect the child. For example, a child can develop irreversible hearing impairment, pathological development of the urinary tract and joints. Only the doctor should make a decision about the expediency of prescribing this medicine, carefully carefully weighing all the expected benefits and possible risks for both the mother and the child, taking into account the current state of both. This drug should be prescribed only in case of real need, but not for the prevention of edema. In a pregnant woman, only a short-term use of this drug is possible, in case of emergency, and only if the expected positive effect of exposure to the mother significantly exceeds the possible risk to the fetus. And even after the birth of a child, a woman should treat diuretics with extreme caution. All these preparations in considerable quantity are allocated with a parent's milk, and they often suppress lactation. Therefore, a woman should refuse to take these medications, or stop breastfeeding.
As practice shows, in most casesDoctors - gynecologists prefer to appoint to future mothers diuretics not chemically synthesized, but derived from plants. Such drugs of plant origin exert a much milder effect on the pregnant woman's body than their synthesized "brethren". And, accordingly, the risk of developing any side effects in such drugs is much lower. The most common among doctors - gynecologists is a drug such as "phytolysin". The composition of this drug includes such components as:
- Root of parsley.
- Grass horsetail.
- The root of wheat grass.
- Birch leaves are ordinary.
- Grass mountaineer bird grass.
- Sage, mint, orange, pine oil and vanillin.
Another positive quality of this drugis that it has a complex positive effect on the body of a pregnant woman. It is an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic and antibacterial agent that not only relieves swelling, but also prevents the growth of bacteria, loosens and removes urinary stones. It is thanks to all these properties that the drug "phytolysin" is used in pregnant women not only as a diuretic, but also for the treatment of inflammatory processes of the kidneys and urinary tracts that occur in mild form. The preparation is available in the form of a soft paste of greenish color, with a specific herbal odor. Before taking the drug, it must be dissolved in a glass of warm water. Dosage and the rest of the treatment in each case should be painted by a doctor, because even though "phytolysin" and has a plant origin, it still remains a drug. Summarizing all the above, I would like to once again draw the attention of pregnant women to the next nuance. It does not matter if you take "furosemide" or more diuretic preparations of plant origin, the atlas of preparations offers them a huge variety. But taking diuretics is just an auxiliary measure designed to rid the woman of stagnation and excess fluid. And the main joint efforts of the future mother and doctor - gynecologist should be aimed at fighting the underlying pathology, which, in fact, causes the appearance of these very edema. And the earlier the cause of the pathology is revealed, the easier and with lesser consequences it will be eliminated. That is why the future mother should never ignore scheduled examinations at the doctor - gynecologist, violate the recommended drinking regime. Controlling the weight of a pregnant woman should be very thorough - even 500 extra grams are a very serious strain on the urinary and cardiovascular system of both mom and baby. We advise you to read: