The sun is a source of positive and good mood. It's no secret that in sunny weather people get better feelings and thoughts about nature, about a long stay in a country estate, about visiting exotic countries, about the sea. The sun and once again the sun - what can be compared with its attracting and golden rays? What can be more beautiful than this feeling? Everything is wonderful and you can enjoy life! However, in recent years, cases of sun allergies have increased, which is manifested after sunburn with lightning fastness or, conversely, for several hours, or after a few days. Such an organism reaction to irradiation is caused by a phototoxic reaction or, as it is customarily called in medicine, photodermatosis. Solar allergy - photodermatitis occurs as a result of a long stay in the sun, with the interaction of rays with chlorinated water, deodorants or perfumes. To prevent allergies, improve immunity and improve health, you need to understand its types.
Types of solar allergy
Risk group. Based on the foregoing, it is possible to identify the risk groups for internal causes of the body, which includes persons:
- with various disorders of the immune system;
- with the disease of the endocrine system;
- with liver and kidney disease.
Symptoms of allergy in the sun
Solar allergy is so diverse andis heterogeneous, which can vary and vary from many causes that depend on both the person's age and many other factors associated with internal or external provocation. The most common symptoms are the following:
- Allergy caused by sunlight. It appears on the face, on the hands and feet, but if the detection is found on the chest, then in its place you can see uneven surfaces that have reddened and swollen foci, a noticeable roughness that causes pain and itching. There are redness, a rash, abscesses.
- At the site of the focus appears bleeding, which is caused by the appearance of a crust or scales of the skin.
- The most common allergy is in the form of small vesicles, hives, eczema.
- All the symptoms and signs of allergy caused by solar overheating, appear not only in those places where there was the greatest exposure to sunlight, but also far from the place of ultraviolet radiation.
Thus, as practice shows,a perfectly healthy and physically strong organism should not be allergic, but this does not mean that safety rules should be neglected. First of all, this disease is inflicted on infants and small children who are not strong after the disease, elderly people and people with a large number of chronic diseases.
Treatment of solar allergy
So, how to treat allergies? First of all, you need to identify the root cause of this disease and make sure of the correct diagnosis of an allergic reaction to ultraviolet. If the manifestation of an allergy is caused by medications, food or something else, then it is necessary to urgently cancel these ways of using. As far as possible, sun rays should be avoided on the skin and protection from UFOs should be used. All of the above listed actions must be strictly implemented, only this way you can avoid serious consequences. And what to do, if this is not related to the intake of food and the use of medications? Then you need to consult a doctor and find out whether there are internal failures in the immune system of the body, find out what medicines exist, including what creams and ointments there are. After a thorough examination, the allergist, immunologist, therapist and dermatologist need to find out the cause of the allergy, after which the doctor must prescribe a treatment that is associated with taking antihistamines. The causes of photodermatosis can be different, so there are many tools, such as: Tavegil, Suprastin, Claritin. You can also highlight other antihistamines: Zodak and Cetrin, they are very effective in preventing allergic reactions and have a prolonged effect and, not least, do not cause drowsiness. You can treat allergy with the help of ointments and cream with corticosteroids, they are very effective, but they are recommended to use only with severe disease. The appointment of these funds should be done by a doctor. Often used non-hormonal creams and ointments, such as: Panthenol, Dexpanthenol, La Cree, Fenistil gel, Gystan, Desitin. One of the reasons for the appearance of allergies can be caused by a decrease in immunity and deficiency of vitamins. It is recommended to use vitamins of group C, B and E. Antioxidants and nicotinic acid can promote complex treatment of the patient. Do not forget about cleaning the body of toxins and allergens by using sorbents: Polyphepan, Enterosgel, Polysorb MP, and also drink plenty of water per day from 2 to 3 liters, which will help the body to remove unnecessary slag. If it is impossible to consult a doctor, you can try using folk remedies, which will help at first soften the pain and itching of the skin. For example, use juice from cucumbers, potatoes or cabbage leaves, since they have softening properties and contribute to the rapid healing of wounds and skin lesions. Used infusions of celandine and calendula, with the help of which make cold compresses. Many do not know how to properly treat allergies and in most cases are engaged in self-medication, but this should in no case be allowed. After finding the first signs of the disease, you should immediately consult a doctor.