Trichomoniasis is a commonan infectious disease transmitted mainly in unprotected sexual intercourse, the causative agent of which is a unicellular animal - a vaginal trichomonas. This article will answer the main questions regarding this infection: what are the symptoms of trichomoniasis, its diagnosis, what is the treatment and prevention of this disease and many others.
The causative agent of trichomoniasis
Vaginal Trichomonas is a unicellularthe simplest animals belonging to the flagellate class. Outwardly it has a pear-shaped form, is equipped with movable flagella, because of which it is very active. Detect Trichomonas because of its small size (up to 10-30 microns) can be using special instruments. Trichomonas can be called favorite places for women's vagina and men's urethra, sometimes it can be found in the upper parts of the genitourinary system. This causative agent of trichomoniasis quickly perishes during drying, direct exposure to sunlight, even with insignificant heating. Therefore, the main mode of transmission of this pathogen is sexual contact, it is theoretically possible to infect trichomoniasis and the way of life: in case of non-observance of personal hygiene, through swimsuits, towels and so on. Among the characteristics of Trichomonas, one can distinguish the ability to masquerade as host cells, their harmful commonwealth with bacteria penetrating inside and creating an anaerobic environment favorable for them. Most often, infection with trichomoniasis is accompanied by exacerbation of other diseases of the genital area. Under the symptoms of trichomoniasis, women may conceal other sexually transmitted diseases. Very negatively affects the disease during pregnancy, childbirth and child health, creates a real threat of miscarriage or premature birth, do not exclude infection of the child during childbirth.
Symptoms of the disease
Trichomoniasis is most common in women,men are usually carriers of the disease. The question of the occurrence of trichomoniasis in women should be given more careful consideration. From infection to infection and before the manifestation of its first signs in women takes about 10-15 days, but maybe more. There are cases when no symptoms are observed. In this case, being a carrier of the disease and not suspecting about it, a woman infects her sexual partners with trichomoniasis. Let's name the main symptoms of trichomoniasis in women. These are copious foamy discharge from the vagina of grayish-green or yellow color, having a sharp and unpleasant odor. Because of secretions, there is often a strong, corrosive itching of the genital organs from the outer part. There may be frequent painful urination, soreness of the sexual act, drawing pains in the lower back and lower abdomen. Almost always worsens the general condition of the body: there is weakness, the body temperature can rise. Most likely, the manifestation of such signs of disease will force any woman to urgently turn to a specialist for examination. From what has been said above, it becomes clear that trichomoniasis is symptomatic of many of the diseases of the genital sphere. Even at the initial examination the doctor can identify ulcers on the surface of the labia, edema and loosening of the cervix, its inflammation and some others. The final diagnosis is made by the doctor after a complete examination of the patient and on the basis of the results of the necessary tests. If you do not notice and treat this infectious disease in time, then the chronic, sluggish character begins to manifest itself. Symptoms of a chronic disease become implicitly expressed. From time to time there are pulling pains in the lower abdomen, pain intensification occurs during the menstrual cycle, constant discharge from the vagina, soreness in sexual contact. Various diseases of the genital area, a decrease in immunity, various hormonal failures, and a change in the level of acidity of the vagina in the direction of its decrease - all these signs can cause trichomoniasis, which is chronic, lead to active disease progression.
Diagnosis of Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis without medical help is not curedit will turn out. Therefore, it is very important to contact a specialist - a gynecologist or a venereologist in time. The main role in establishing a correct diagnosis is assigned to laboratory methods of research. For this, a woman takes smears from the urethra, vagina and rectum. There are different methods for determining trichomoniasis in women. These include the PCR method (polymerase chain reactions), the immunological method, the microscopy of untreated and stained smears, and the seeding of the material into artificial nutrient media. In modern medicine, the instrumental method of determining trichomoniasis in women is often used - colposcopy, i.e. A study using a cervical and vaginal microscope. It should be noted that the important signs of the presence of the above infectious disease in a woman are multiple small hemorrhages on the cervix, which becomes similar to a strawberry berry.
Trichomoniasis in women should be treated usingpreparations of the group of nitroimidazoles, among which the most popular are metronidazole, ornidazole, and tinidazole. The course of treatment is adjusted only by the doctor. Vaginal suppositories, for example the makmiror complex, produce local treatment. Typically, a doctor concurrently with this treatment writes out multivitamins and immunostimulating drugs, which contribute to an increase in the resistance of the infection. Also in the treatment of trichomoniasis, to exclude the dysbacteriosis of the mucous reproductive tract, intestines, use drugs from the group of probiotics. It is important to conduct simultaneous treatment of a sick woman and all of her partners who have had sexual intercourse. Otherwise there will be a repeated infection with this unpleasant venereal disease - trichomoniasis. At a recurrence of the disease, the drug should be changed, tk. To treat trichomoniasis with the same remedy is ineffective. During the period of treatment, it is necessary to refrain from sexual contacts and drinking, pay special attention to your personal hygiene, frequent changes of underwear. When all the prescriptions of the doctor are performed, trichomoniasis is completely cured. After the completion of treatment, the woman should again pass the tests for a laboratory study.
Prevention of disease
Prevent infection with trichomoniasis by following preventive measures similar to other sexually transmitted diseases of the genital area. This can be attributed
- adherence to one partner;
- correct use of protective equipment in case of accidental sexual contacts;
- timely access to a doctor.
Consequences of neglected trichomoniasis
If trichomoniasis is not treated in a timely manner, thenavoid very serious consequences for women. First of all, it can threaten a woman with infertility, an oncological tumor. Also, this disease disrupts the immune system of the body. In particularly neglected cases, trichomoniasis can cause oxygen starvation, severe exhaustion, anemia.