Treatment of the pancreas is one of the mosttopical issues. And it is not by chance, because a large number of people are faced with this problem. But before we start talking about treatment, let's remember the course of school anatomy to exclude unnecessary questions. What is the pancreas? This is one of the most important organs in the human body, located behind the stomach and closely adjacent to the duodenum. Function of the pancreas - the development of special enzymes, which, getting into the duodenum, take a direct part in the digestion of food. And most importantly - it is the pancreas that produces the very hormones that are responsible for the absorption of sugar. Therefore, chronic pancreatitis is also dangerous because it increases the risk of developing diabetes.
One of the most common pathologiesThe pancreas is its inflammation. In this case, the functioning of the gland is broken - the enzymes produced, instead of getting into the duodenum, remain inside. The process of self-destruction of the pancreas begins. And this is only half the trouble - in the bloodstream can get both toxins and enzymes of the pancreas. And because of this, other vital organs - liver, kidneys, heart, nervous system - can suffer very severely. That's why acute pancreatitis is an extremely serious disease that needs to be treated as soon as possible. And in the case of the chronic form of this disease, too, you should not hesitate. The inflammation of the pancreas begins, as a rule, sharply and unexpectedly. Most often the inflammatory process develops as a result of blockage of the bile ducts with gallstones. In cases of particularly severe inflammation, the pancreas can swell considerably. The sick person experiences rather strong painful sensations in the right hypochondrium, which are shrouded in nature. In addition to blockage of the bile ducts, there are a number of reasons that can lead to the development of acute pancreatitis:
- Long-term abuse of alcoholic beverages.
- A large number of different drugs.
- Improper diet is too much spicy and fatty food.
Chronic form of pancreatitis occursmuch more often. The causes that can lead to the development of chronic inflammation of the pancreas are the same as in acute pancreatitis. In addition, it can affect such diseases in a sick person as atherosclerosis, liver disease, gastritis and chronic colitis. And, of course, that untreated acute pancreatitis can also go into the chronic form of the disease.
Treatment of acute pancreatitis
As already clear from all of the above, pancreatitisis a very dangerous disease. Therefore, leaving him without treatment is simply unacceptable, otherwise the life of a sick person will be in jeopardy. Within the framework of this article, you will receive only a general idea about the treatment of pancreatic drugs. But this information should not become a guide to action. The course of treatment should be selected only by a doctor, and in the case of acute pancreatitis only in a hospital. The first thing that will be directed to drug treatment is the support of all vital organs and systems of the body, especially the liver and kidneys. Thus, doctors insure a sick person from the development of possible complications. As a rule, all pharmacological preparations are poured intravenously. As, by the way, and nutrient solutions. Intravenous infusion of nutrient solutions is very important in especially severe cases of acute inflammation of the pancreas, and can last from 3 to 5 weeks. This measure is necessary in order to completely relieve the burden from the pancreas. Such a complex treatment, as a rule, brings very good results. But, unfortunately, not always - sometimes doctors are forced to resort to surgical intervention. After the symptoms of acute pancreatitis pass, it is very important to understand what exactly caused the development of the disease. If the "culprit" is identified, this will help to minimize the possible risk of recurrence of pancreatitis.
Treatment of chronic pancreatitis
Treatment of chronic pancreatitis is a processquite laborious and very long. And he consists of three things - taking medications, a healthy lifestyle and constant compliance with a strict diet. The entire course of treatment should also be signed by the attending physician, taking into account the individual characteristics of the health and the nature of the course of the disease. For the treatment of chronic pancreatitis, drugs such as:
- Digestive enzymes
As a rule, in most cases, chronicpancreatitis leads to the development of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Because of this, the body has a very low content of its own digestive enzymes. And therefore the body needs help - it is for this purpose that the doctor assigns medicinal enzymes to a sick person. There are many different types of these drugs - like microgranules and capsules, and classic tablets. The doctor will choose exactly the drugs that are needed in each specific case. After all, different situations require different enzymes in different amounts. A single course of enzyme intake can not be circumvented - they must be taken three to four times a year.
- Spasmolytic drugs
Both acute and chronic formspancreatitis, a sick person is experiencing quite strong pain. Therefore, the relief of pain is also included in the complex treatment of pancreatitis. To eliminate pain, doctors prescribe various antispasmodics.
During an exacerbation of a chronic pancreatitis it is necessary to observe a full fasting, until pain sensations disappear. For the next day you need to start eating on the curative menu:
During the second week of the sick man's menucan be varied with fruits, vegetables, jelly and juices. However, juices and fruits should not be too sweet, since this will create an unnecessary burden on the pancreas. And after the attack of pancreatitis has passed, the restrictions in nutrition should in no case be forgotten. Strictly prohibited products:
- Meat and mushroom broth.
- Any animals and cooking fats, margarine.
- Onion, garlic, cabbage, sorrel and radish.
- All kinds of legumes.
- Coffee, cocoa, chocolate, carbonated drinks.
- Rye bread of yesterday's baking.
- Vegetable and cereal soups with the addition of butter or sour cream.
- Steam cutlets, soufflé and little bits of low-fat meat.
- Low-fat steamed fish.
- Low-fat cheese, cottage cheese, milk, sour-milk products.
- Vegetable puddings.
- Apples are both raw and baked.
- Kissels and fruit compotes from fruit, broth of wild rose.
As you could see, ifhuman inflammation of the pancreas, treatment should begin as soon as possible. And it should be carried out under the strict supervision of doctors. Only in this case the state of human health will not be under threat. Therefore, at the first signs of malaise, you need to seek medical help as soon as possible. We advise you to read: