Toxicosis - this is exactly the phenomenon thatactively pursues every second pregnant woman. When does toxicosis begin during pregnancy? Every woman has different ways. There are cases when the future mother he was never seen. Isolate early toxicosis of pregnant and late (second name - gestosis). It should be noted in more detail on each.
Why does this phenomenon accompany pregnancy?
When does toxicosis begin in pregnant women? Every woman desires to receive an answer to this question, which is attentive to pregnancy. What are the causes of such a phenomenon as toxemia in pregnancy, what to do? As you know, the formation of the placenta does not end before 16 weeks. Up to this point, the placenta does not have a sufficient degree of protection to preserve the integrity of the woman's body from the metabolic products that the child allocates. There is such a picture: as a result of ingestion of these substances into the blood, intoxication develops. Outwardly, all this manifests itself in this way: nausea, vomiting, etc. The second reason, which should be mentioned, is the increased level of hCG in pregnant women. It is he who stimulates the formation of hormones important for pregnancy, such as progesterone and estrogens. If everything goes to the proper level, then in the future, the production of these hormones will placenta. Another reason is hormonal changes. Their presence is the cause of the excitability of the centers of smell, of touch. As a result, a pregnant woman develops something that was not previously observed: nausea, vomiting, rejection of a wide variety of odors. There is a point of view about the causes of toxicosis in pregnant women, according to which the hereditary factor influences the onset of toxicosis. The essence of this opinion is the following: if the mother of the pregnant woman had no signs of toxicosis, then the daughter will not be marked.
Toxicosis and early gestation
At present, there are very few suchpregnant women who do not have complaints of vomiting in the first trimester. First of all, you should separate the vomiting as a sign of pregnancy and vomiting during toxemia. Ordinary vomiting occurs in the morning hours, often no more than 2-3 times before meals. Significantly, its manifestation during toxemia in the early stages. In this period, vomiting is not associated with any time intervals. It occurs regardless of food intake, seizures are characterized by sufficient frequency and regularity. To the pregnant mother herself, toxicosis of pregnant women has some influence: there is weakness, in some cases there is a significant loss in weight, there is some change in the perception of a variety of smells and flavors. Isolate a mild degree of gestosis (toxicosis during pregnancy). During this period, the pregnant woman notes the occurrence of nausea and vomiting. The frequency of it is at least 4-5 times a day. There is a decrease in efficiency. In some cases, there is even an increase in heart rate. Overcome such a toxicosis is quite possible at home, but with the recommendations of the treating doctor-gynecologist. Severe vomiting has more severe consequences. Attacks are observed up to 10 times a day. In some cases, this happens much more often. This moment is accompanied by a noticeable weakness and significant salivation. As a result, a large amount of liquid is lost. A woman develops ketoacidosis. The skin of the pregnant woman acquires pallor, there is an increase in the pulse, lowering of blood pressure. The pregnant woman complains of a constant thirst and strong dryness in her mouth. In a few cases, anemia develops. If you have noted the listed symptoms, then consult a doctor without delay. Severe toxicosis of pregnant women with excessive vomiting is very rare. The frequency of vomiting is at least 20 times a day. Nausea is present all the time. This state is very difficult to affect a woman's feelings. There may be dizziness, severe headaches. In some cases even a state of euphoria develops. There is some decrease in weight. Depletion is allowed. It is necessary to pay special attention to severe toxicosis and begin immediate treatment, since there is a risk of termination of pregnancy.
Manifestation of toxicosis in late pregnancy
In the late term of pregnancy,This should not be the case for all the laws of medicine. If nevertheless there is a vomiting and a nausea and there is all this often enough and it is regular, it is possible to speak safely about complication, named gestoz. Its signs are as follows: when testing, a significant amount of protein in the urine is found, edemas appear, there is an increase in weight of the pregnant woman (more than 400 g per week), blood pressure indicators are also quite high (at least 130/100). It should be understood that the presence of an excessive number of listed symptoms indicates a fairly serious condition of a pregnant woman. A timely call to a doctor will help to avoid negative consequences. Treatment of gestosis is carried out taking into account the degree of severity. It is not superfluous to note that the cause of gestosis is nothing more than the management of the most pregnant lifestyle: excessive abuse of salt will negatively affect the work of the kidneys, and unlimited consumption of sweet - on your weight. Increased pressure is the result of the body's extra pounds, which, of course, need to be supplied with blood. As a result - an increase in the load on various organs, as well as spasms of blood vessels. If the future mother adheres to proper nutrition, follows the weight and follows all the recommendations of the doctor, then the late toxicosis is not intolerable to her. The presence of this disease in the first pregnancy does not indicate its manifestation in the subsequent.
Features of toxicosis in the first weeks of pregnancy
Specialists recommend with patience to treatmanifestation of toxicosis at the very beginning of pregnancy. If nevertheless it is rather difficult for a pregnant woman to coexist with them, then the doctor will prescribe special preparations with a vegetable composition. Due to them intoxication will noticeably decrease. These drugs will not have a negative effect on the future child's body. Drug use should be regular, otherwise the symptoms will re-emerge, and the return of toxicosis is inevitable. As soon as 16 weeks pass, the condition of the expectant mother is completely stabilized. The following picture is observed: the hormonal background is settled, the placenta has the ability to completely protect the future mother's organism from the metabolic products of the child. When toxicosis is not very acute, you can use some fairly successful and good folk remedies. Some pregnant women noted that the morning, started with breakfast in bed, does not end with unpleasant nausea. As an alleviating remedy, it is quite possible to use salted biscuits, as well as sweet hot tea. Even water with lemon can greatly alleviate suffering.
How to treat a toxicosis?
Most pregnant women are very concerned aboutThe question is when will the toxicosis and how long it lasts. Any woman should clearly understand and realize that an expert must be engaged in such an important matter as the treatment of toxicosis. If you engage in self-medication, the result can be very deplorable. The causes of toxicosis, as is known, are quite diverse. Any doctor before deciding on any medications, will look for the cause of the occurrence. The medicine for toxicosis is prescribed exclusively by the attending physician. In order to completely get rid of an easy degree of toxicosis, it is necessary to radically change the rhythm of life of the pregnant woman. An excellent tool that is used for treatment is to shield the future mother from negative emotions and unpleasant external stimuli. Eating should be done often and in small portions. Food can be very diverse, but special attention should be given to light food. Thus, the treatment process will have only positive consequences. The indicator for abortion in early toxicosis is a three-day continuous vomiting. What medications and drugs to use for gestosis? This list is very diverse and extensive. In this situation, a future mother is assigned a special diet. It has a very small salt and water content. Various sedatives are actively used. It's about the motherwort infusion and valerian. In a situation where the patient's condition with late gestosis is not amenable to stabilization and improvement is not observed, the best option for delivery is exclusively cesarean section (term 35-36 weeks). Treatment of toxicosis is carried out in a hospital, if the disease has a high degree of severity.
Is there a chance to prevent the onset of toxicosis?
In order for you not to worry about this disease,it is necessary to follow some recommendations even before the onset of pregnancy. First of all, try to get rid of all the diseases that are present in your body at the moment. Completely eliminate all negative habits, such as drinking alcohol, smoking, coffee and even strong tea. Undoubtedly, it is very difficult to do this in a moment. Pay special attention to those foods that are present in your diet. Carbonated water, various canned foods, spices and products with flavors, dyes - all this will have a detrimental effect on your condition in the future. Do not forget to do exercises daily. Physical stress will only benefit you. As a result, metabolism will receive an incentive to work, and the cardiovascular system will improve its work. Remember that a healthy and full sleep is a guarantee of health. Compliance with the regime of the day is mandatory. Toxicosis - a phenomenon short. After a while it will end. With the advent of the long-awaited baby, you will forever forget about it, because in your hands there will be a real treasure.