Toxicosis is recognized by pregnant women as oneof the most unpleasant sensations in the early stages of pregnancy. Do you feel unwell, as if you were poisoned and even the thought of eating causes an unpleasant feeling of nausea? Most likely, you are faced with a toxicosis personally. Do not get too upset and even more frightened - toxicosis, as a rule, does not pose a threat to the future mother or child. Although, of course, it does not get any better. One pleases toxicosis - a temporary phenomenon. As a rule, all the troubles associated with his appearance, stop at the beginning of the second trimester of pregnancy.
Causes of toxicosis
It is difficult to say unambiguously why in a pregnant womana woman develops this most notorious toxicosis - this is beyond the power even of doctors. However, there are several scientific hypotheses, each of which has the right to exist. Let's talk about the main ones:
- Fetal rejection
How wild it may sound, but the female bodyperceives the developing fetus as half-alien, because antigenic composition differs from the mother's very radically. That, strictly speaking, is not surprising - after all, Dad is not just lying next to him. And it is for this reason that women start to develop antibodies, which accumulate and lead to the development of toxicosis. And only by the beginning of the second trimester the body gets used to its new condition. And, accordingly, the toxicosis disappears by itself. And only in very rare cases, toxicosis continues throughout the pregnancy.
- Neuro-reflex theory
Some doctors believe that changes inthe body, leading to the development of a large number of toxins, occur to a greater extent because of the reorganization of the functioning of the nervous system. Including the brain - he tries to protect the woman from a possible danger and reacts very sharply to the slightest stimuli. And as a result - toxicosis. And in some cases, toxicosis occurs because of the psychoemotional state of a woman. Simply put, morning sickness is a consequence of a certain autosuggestion. A woman from childhood knows that while waiting for a child, nausea is a common thing, waiting for nausea and ... getting it. Of course, this does not mean at all that the woman is being converted - all this occurs at a subconscious level, but nausea is very real. To bypass this situation is very difficult. The maximum that you can do in this case is to distract yourself. Try not to get hung up on nausea, think about something pleasant and remember - pregnancy is not a disease. Although, of course, if the nausea is strong enough, and vomiting is added to it, there is no psychological basis for talking about it. And it is best to consult a doctor who will assess your condition.
How to avoid nausea and vomiting or lesshow to minimize them? There are several ways - perhaps they will ease your condition. It will not be worse in any case. But better - with a high degree of probability.
- Food after waking up
An empty stomach is the true friend of nausea. No treatment will help if you are hungry. Therefore, you should not allow feelings of hunger in any case. And take care of it from the very morning. Ask your husband to give you breakfast in bed. But if your beloved is not capable of such feats, you will have to help yourself. In the evening, put a few crackers on the bedside table or a couple of pieces of cheese - of course, cover them so that they do not dry out. Immediately as you wake up, it is advisable not even to sit down - eat it. In most cases, one of this measure is enough to defeat the morning sickness.
- Solid food
Try to give up liquid food - itprovokes vomiting. Although, of course, leave a bowl of soup a day, because unfortunately, no one has yet canceled gastritis. But in the rest do not get carried away - for example, instead of mashed potatoes, boiled potatoes.
- Frequency of food intake
During pregnancy, food should be divided- it is very important. Portions should be small, and a break between meals - no more than three hours. And ideally, and do take food every two hours. Simply put, you should not go hungry, but you should not overeat too. Nausea will recede with high probability. By the way, try not to take a horizontal position immediately after eating. Have you eaten? Wash dishes or just sit, but do not lie down. First, the probability of developing nausea will become significantly less. Secondly, you will avoid the possible occurrence of heartburn - in pregnant women, it occurs quite often.
- Choose food
Avoid foods that you do not like. Better yet, eat only what you want - you should enjoy the meal. Of course, this does not mean that your diet should consist of chips and coffee. But too much to follow the balance of the diet is useless - in the first trimester on the baby this will not be reflected. Do not eat fat, heavy and spicy food - it is in most cases leads to severe nausea, and sometimes vomiting. Pay attention to the way of cooking: fried at the moment is not the best option. Boiled, steamed or baked food is much more useful - for example, mashed potatoes, boiled meat, fish and, of course, vegetables and fruits. And both fresh and thermally processed. Be sure to eat foods rich in zinc and vitamin B6 - they help to cope with nausea. Zinc is found in beef, calf liver, wheat sprouts, and vitamin B6 - egg white, ham, flounder, sea tongue, broccoli, spinach, tomatoes and bananas. If necessary, the doctor will appoint a mineral-vitamin complex for expectant mothers.
- Drinking regime
It is equally important to monitor your drinkingmode. Do not drink while eating - try to drink between meals and little by little. Avoid carbonated drinks and coffee - they very strongly provoke the development of nausea. The best option: herbal teas, pure still water, green tea and juices.
Other secrets of getting rid of toxemia
Of course, a lot depends on nutrition. But in addition to nutrition, there are several ways that you can regulate nausea.
Remember, that strong odors - includingand pleasant - with a high degree of probability can cause a nausea. Stop using perfume, air fresheners. And even more so try to avoid being in smoky, crowded and stuffy rooms. And in the kitchen try to spend as little time as possible.
A very effective remedy for nausea islemon. For example, grate the lemon peel on the grater and inhale this fragrance during an attack of nausea. If the nausea is very strong, try sucking a slice of lemon, drink cold or warm water with lemon juice. And if in addition to nausea you also have vomiting, mix half a teaspoon of lemon juice and as much any natural honey and take it with plenty of warm water (but not tea!).
- Try to balance the load and rest
If you feel that you are very tired, thatpregnant women often happen, try for some time to slow down your pace of life - try to relax more. And do not say that it is impossible - ask your relatives to take some of the household chores on themselves: they will surely sympathize with your request. As a rule, women who are too tired, do not know firsthand what a toxicosis is in early pregnancy.
- Consult your doctor
Despite the fact that toxicosis in the early stagespregnancy occurs often enough, with a doctor to consult is still worth it. It is rare, but sometimes some of the diseases of internal organs become the cause of the development of toxicosis. And if the treatment does not start on time, the toxicosis will only increase. In addition, do not forget that too strong a toxicosis in the early stages of treatment in any case must be treated. After all, not only that the feeling of nausea morally harasses the future mother, so even vomiting can lead to severe exhaustion. This means that the baby also runs the risk of not getting enough of the substances necessary for him in this period. And it goes without saying that only a gynecologist should prescribe the treatment! As a rule, treatment is reduced to replenishment of fluid loss and elimination of toxins from the body. In some cases, the future mother is offered hospitalization - you should not abandon her: most likely, in your case, treatment should be carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor. Of course, hardly anyone will be delighted with this prospect. But try to perceive the situation differently. Imagine that treatment in the hospital is a kind of vacation and a great opportunity to relax. After all, your health and the health of your crumbs above all. It's true? We advise you to read: