psoriasis Psoriasis. Everyone has heard about this disease without exception, and some people are familiar with it not by hearsay. Psoriasis is one of the most serious forms of dermatological diseases, which is quite widespread and a large number of forms resistant to therapy. Approximately 6% of the total population of the planet. It would seem that not too much. However, behind the dry figures of statistics are thousands and thousands of real people who are forced to live with this problem year after year. Despite the fact that psoriasis poses absolutely no threat to life and general health, sick people are very burdened by this disease, because the skin looks very unaesthetic. Often sick people even in hot weather are forced to wear long-sleeved clothes, feel embarrassed to go to the beaches. Despite the fairly high level of development of modern medicine, the nature of the onset of such a disease as psoriasis has not yet been established. There are, of course, factors that serve as prerequisites for the development of the disease, but in general the causes of psoriasis to doctors are still not clear. One of the main theories of the origin of psoriasis is the hypothesis about the so-called genetic factor. As a rule, psoriasis in children under 10 years of age is the hereditary form of the disease - in the genus of crumbs it is almost always possible to find a relative suffering from a similar disease. But if psoriasis manifests itself in a more mature age, doctors assume that the disease has a different nature of origin - bacterial or viral.

Clinical manifestations of psoriasis

Psoriasis is easily diagnosed. An experienced dermatologist, on the basis of a visual examination, easily diagnoses the disease. Psoriasis has the following symptoms: in a sick person, monomorphic eruptions appear on the skin - papules (nodules), different sexes to their size, which merge and form so-called plaques. These plaques do not have a clear localization and can be found anywhere in the skin. At the very beginning of the disease, the rashes are of limited nature. Eruptions are solitary and localized, usually in the area of ​​the elbow and knee joints, in the scalp, in the sacrum, etc. Psoriasis plaques have a very clear contour, in color they range from pale pink to bright red. Inside the plaques, the skin is covered with silvery white scales. They are scraped for the diagnosis of psoriasis to obtain a triad:

  • Stearin stain.
  • Terminal film.
  • Bloody dew.

Only in the presence of all these three terms doctors diagnose a patient's psoriasis. Doctors of dermatologists distinguish three different stages of psoriasis:

  • Progressing stage of psoriasis. At this stage, the first symptoms of the disease increase, the disease progresses and the person's condition worsens.
  • Stationary stage of psoriasis. At this stage, the disease is at its peak of development.
  • Regressing stage. In the regressing stage of psoriasis, the clinical manifestations of the disease go into decline, the condition of the sick person is significantly improved.

Any person who suffers from psoriasis, be surepasses all three stages of the disease. However, if the disease is diagnosed in time and treatment is prescribed in a timely manner, then the duration of the second phase (stationary) can be reduced to almost zero. In addition to the stages of psoriasis, there is another type of qualification of this disease. By localization and type of rash, psoriasis is divided into:

  • Ordinary plaque psoriasis.
  • Exudative psoriasis. From the usual plaque this type of psoriasis differs in that in addition to the usual plaque rashes in the clinical picture of the course of the disease, there is a pronounced inflammatory reaction of the skin. On the skin there are scaly scales, when exposed, a bright pink soaking surface opens. This kind of psoriasis also has another name - the rupiah form.
  • Arthropathic psoriasis. In the clinical picture of the course of this form of the disease, in addition to the plaques on the skin, the joints are affected. In simple terms, arthropathic psoriasis is a combination of psoriasis and arthritis. The degree of severity of this disease can be very different - from weak arthralgias of individual joints, and to the present generalized lesions that lead to disability of patients.
  • Pustular psoriasis. In this form of psoriasis, palms and soles are affected. This form of psoriasis is considered one of the most severe. If the lesion of this type of psoriasis is extensive, the patient has a significant increase in body temperature, a significant deterioration in the overall health of the patient, a change in the blood formula - an increase in ESR. Against the background of bright erythema, small pustules develop, which cause a burning sensation and painful sensations when touched. Similar foci of skin lesions occupy a very large area and bring a sick person a lot of uncomfortable sensations. When these affected skin areas merge into extensive foci, and the epidermis peels off, resulting in a severe form of erythroderma.
  • The most common is limitedpustular psoriasis. With this form of the disease, the rashes are not very extensive, localized mainly in the elbows, on the soles and palms. However, while the course of this form of the disease is easier, it is characterized by frequent and persistent relapses. In addition, it is for this form of psoriasis that very often the provoking factor is contact with various chemicals found in a person's daily life.
  • Psoriatic erythroderma. This form of psoriasis also has a severe form of flow and develops gradually, as a result of the progression of psoriasis. The skin is swollen, reddened, with pronounced signs of a severe inflammatory process. If the disease is not treated, a sick person may have symptoms such as: fever, lymph nodes, cardiovascular system, hair loss, changes in normal blood counts.

Children most often diagnosed with psoriasisfolds. Also, psoriasis folds are often observed in people with diabetes. Foci of psoriatic lesions are under the mammary glands, in the groin, in the neck folds and axillary hollows, under the knees and in the ulnar folds. The boundaries of rashes are sharply outlined, the lesions themselves have a rich pink color, slightly flaky. Signs of psoriasis are very specific - they are difficult to confuse with something.

The way of life in the disease of psoriasis

psoriasis treatment A person with any form of psoriasis regularly in hiseveryday life has to limit itself in many things, from the choice of food, ending with the means of household chemicals. These restrictions can in no case be ignored, otherwise the state of health of a sick person can significantly deteriorate. The first time, of course, it will be very difficult for the patient to endure all these restrictions, but he will soon get used to, and will perceive these restrictions as something self-evident.

  • People with psoriasis shouldmore carefully treat your health. So, for example, if for a healthy person a cold or flu is nothing more than a minor annoying nuisance, for a patient with psoriasis - a real trigger for enhancing the psoriatic process. Any, even the most insignificant, weakening of immunity, can significantly increase the severity of psoriasis. This is why people suffering from this disease must necessarily take all measures aimed at strengthening immunity. Be sure to take multivitamin complexes that help immunity cope with various infections. It is also extremely important for a sick person to do all the necessary vaccinations, including seasonal flu vaccinations. It is necessary to spend enough time in the fresh air.
  • A person with psoriasis should reconsiderIts habitual way of life and change it if necessary. Without fail it is necessary to abandon such harmful habits as smoking and drinking alcohol. Both smoking and drinking can greatly complicate the successful treatment of psoriasis, and even worsen the course of the disease. As a person would not be hard to give up their habits, if he wants to reduce the manifestations of psoriasis to a minimum, he must collect all will power and stop drinking and smoking. In addition, a sick person should try to avoid stuffy, smoky rooms. Particles of tobacco, depositing on the skin, also very strongly provoke an exacerbation of psoriasis. A psoriasis of a person must necessarily closely monitor their sleep regimen. However paradoxical it may seem, banal sleep deprivation increases the severity of the disease at least twice. This is simply explained - lack of sleep affects immunity in the most negative way, greatly weakening it.
  • Recently have become very fashionable and receivedwidespread popularity, especially among women, the so-called cleansing fasting. There are various ways to "clean" the body with curative starvation - from one day to a week's course. Proponents of this method of purification suggest that such starvations help the body to purify itself, remove all toxins and toxins from the body. As a result, ostensibly, the complexion, skin and hair condition, and the general condition of the body should improve. In this article, we will not discuss for a long time whether the statements correspond to the truth, or not. However, according to official medicine, such cleansing procedures are fasting for people who suffer from psoriasis. All the cravings of fasting are the strongest provoking factors and can significantly worsen the course of the disease.
  • Speaking about how to treat psoriasis, you can notmention the sun's rays. A person suffering from psoriasis, in no case should not abuse the ultraviolet rays. Despite the fact that it is scientifically recognized that ultraviolet is provoking the aggravation of the course of any forms of psoriasis and the emergence of new lesions, a huge number of people follow the old myths that the sun will help to cure psoriasis. People go to the south, to the sea, in the hope, that affectionate southern sun will help them in the fight against their ailment. However, in reality everything turns out to be quite different. For a short time, the disease seems to recede, creating the illusion of a stage of remission, but very soon returns with renewed vigor, even in a more severe form. This happens because the sun only muffles the disease for a while, driving it deep into the body. But as soon as time passes, the disease manifests itself again, only in an even heavier form than before. This is why it is not worth repeating the very widespread mistake of postponing treatment for the summer period. If you want to spend your holiday fully, so that nothing will cloud your visit to the sea and the sun, intensive treatment should be carried out exactly in the winter - spring period. However, provided that you have undergone a course of therapy, still try to keep contacts with the sun to a minimum - try to spend most of the time in the shade, and on the beach, always use sunscreens. Visiting tanning salons for people who suffer from psoriasis is also strictly contraindicated. Just one short procedure can bring such deterioration of the patient's condition that long months of treatment will simply go wrong. Should I sacrifice my health for the sake of sunburn?
  • Try as much as possible,Limit any contact with household chemicals. If you have such an opportunity, ask your relatives to take on that part of the homework that requires the use of household chemicals. If contact with various cleaning and detergents can not be avoided, be sure to use protective equipment - gloves, household respirators. The use of cosmetics and skin care products also very often aggravates the course of the disease. A sick person should very carefully approach the issue of choosing means for face and body care. Preference should be given to those products that contain as few different chemicals, fragrances and dyes as possible. In addition, be sure to pay attention to the alkaline level of your chosen means - it should be as close as possible to the natural alkaline level of the skin. Try not to overload the skin with various cosmetic means. Even the skin of a healthy person for an overabundance of cosmetics can often respond with the strongest allergic reactions. Therefore, people with psoriasis should reduce the number of used drugs to a minimum. Any doctor who you ask about how to cure psoriasis will tell you about it.
  • Diet in case of psoriasis

    Separately need to talk about such a significantfactor, as a diet of a person suffering from psoriasis. Although little is known about this, but in any form of psoriasis disease, an allergic factor is necessarily present. That is why all people with psoriasis people for the successful treatment of psoriasis simply have to follow a special diet that excludes the use of foods that contain allergens and can lead to an exacerbation of the course of the disease. Diet in psoriasis - one of the components of successful treatment of psoriasis. The diet should be carefully thought out and balanced. The diet should be high-grade, sufficiently energetically valuable, contain the necessary amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. After all, dietary nutrition should not be absolutely inadequate - the body must receive all the nutrients, vitamins and trace elements necessary for its normal functioning. However, as mentioned above, it is necessary to exclude from the diet completely all substances that somehow can cause allergic reactions of the body. Below is a list of products that most often cause allergies:

    • Citrus fruits. All citrus fruits without exception, whether oranges, lemons or grapefruits, are the strongest allergens. People suffering from psoriasis should exclude citrus fruits in any form, even in the form of reconstituted juices.
    • Chicken eggs are also often caused in humansallergic reactions. If a sick person is difficult to do without eggs, they can be successfully replaced by quail. Quail eggs do not cause allergic reactions.
    • Whole cow's milk. The use of whole cow milk can lead to a deterioration in the health status of the patient with psoriasis. However, dairy products can not be completely excluded from the diet, since they contain a large number of useful microelements. Just replace the whole milk with sour-milk products.
    • Try not to eat vegetables andfruits containing red pigment - tomatoes, strawberries, cherries, red peppers. People with psoriasis can only eat these fruits and vegetables after they have been heat treated.
    • It is also necessary to exclude from the diet all sharp, fatty, fried and smoked dishes.
    • Also, you should try to avoid eating mushrooms in any of their forms - mushroom soups, sauces, fried and pickled mushrooms.
    • When preparing food, sick people should refrain from using spicy seasonings and plenty of table salt.
    • Also it is not recommended to eat various sauces - mayonnaise, ketchup, mustard. It is best to replace them with sour cream, which will bring health much more benefits.

    All food is preferably consumed inbaked, boiled or stewed. Food should be divided - food should be taken in small portions, but more often than usual - 5 - 7 times a day. Overeating not only causes an unpleasant sensation of heaviness in the stomach, but can also lead to a worsening of the patient's psoriasis condition. During periods of significant exacerbation of the disease, it is very useful to conduct so-called unloading days. However, in no case should we confuse the notion of "unloading day" with the concept of "cleansing the body". On fasting days, only one type of product should be eaten. It can be either kefir, or apples, or boiled fish. It is not necessary to arrange more than one unloading day per week.

    Treatment of psoriasis with folk remedies

    psoriasis symptomsTreatment of psoriasis should take place under strictcontrol of a dermatologist. Any medicine for psoriasis should be used only according to the doctor's prescription and strictly according to the treatment schedule prescribed by the doctor. However, in addition to the means of official medicine, there are a huge number of recipes for traditional medicine that allow you to quickly and effectively relieve the course of the disease and improve the health of a sick person. Below are the most effective ways, however whichever recipe is chosen, be sure to consult with your doctor before using it. Often, the use of traditional medicine can remove all manifestations of psoriasis, and achieve a stable remission for many years. However, do not be upset if the first prescription you choose does not help. Even in official medicine, an individual treatment regimen is chosen for each patient. What is effective for one person, may not have any therapeutic effect for another patient. Approximately the same thing happens in case of treatment with traditional medicine recipes. If a patient has psoriasis treatment at home, it is possible, but will have to try several ways. If a sick person has not been helped by one method, he should try another. As a rule, the patient necessarily finds the recipe that will help him. Also, do not expect to achieve an immediate result - after the first procedure of the result you will not see. It is not necessary to abandon the treatment that has begun after 1 to 2 applications of the remedy. Complete at least one course. However, as a rule, a visible improvement occurs within 10 to 15 days. Comprehensive measures will help you to improve the effectiveness of treatment. So, for example, the use of external means is very effective to combine with the use of external means. Also, during the course of treatment with folk methods, it is necessary to follow a diet, take stimulant medications, and lead a healthy lifestyle. It is an integrated approach that will help the sick person achieve the best results of treatment.

  • A good remedy for psoriasis is flax seeds. Infusion of flax seeds will help you to significantly remove the clinical manifestations of psoriasis after 5 to 7 days. To prepare the infusion, you need to put one tablespoon of flaxseed into the enamelware, fill it with one glass of steep boiling water, wrap it with a towel and let it brew for one day. After this, the infusion should be brought to a boil and immediately removed from the fire, but in no case letting infusion boil. After the infusion has cooled, it must be filtered with gauze cloth. Take the decoction in the morning, on an empty stomach, having previously drunk activated charcoal, at the rate of one tablet per 10 kilograms of weight. During the treatment, a sick person should completely exclude from his diet the use of coffee and caffeine-containing products. The course of treatment of psoriasis with infusion of linseed must last at least 20 days. This method is very good in cases where psoriasis plaques should be disposed of as quickly as possible. However, in no case should you stop treatment before the time, immediately after the removal of external manifestations of the disease.
  • As an external agent is no less effectivehelps ointment from psoriasis from birch tar. The most efficient birch tar acts on fresh rashes. If a sick person as a result of severe stress or errors in the diet began exacerbation of psoriasis and rashes only started, it is necessary to conduct the next course of treatment. For him you will need to buy at the pharmacy the following: Birch tar, salicylic alcohol, sea buckthorn oil. All components must be thoroughly mixed together and applied to the wounds on psoriasis plaques with a thick layer, top covered with polyethylene film to prevent it from drying out. Ointment should be left on the body for about two hours, after which the skin is under running water. After this, all the lesions of the skin should be lubricated with an oil tincture of celandine. You will have to cook it at home. To do this, you must thoroughly crush five tablespoons of fresh herb celandine, fill them in iron utensils and pour a glass of any vegetable unrefined oil. The oil must be brought to a boil and simmered for about 10 minutes. After it has cooled slightly, the oil should be poured into glassware and placed in the refrigerator for at least a week. After that, the oil infusion of celandine is ready.
  • The following folk medicine recipe usedfor the treatment of psoriasis, very similar to the previous one. For its preparation you will need the following components: 100 grams of birch tar, which you can buy in almost any pharmacy, 25 grams of wood ash, 10 grams of sea-buckthorn oil. All the above ingredients are thoroughly mixed, put in a glass container and leave in a dark cool place for about a week. Ointment should be applied to the affected areas of skin, covered with a polyethylene film on top, to prevent the drying of the ointment. Ointment should be left on the skin for about two hours, then rinse thoroughly under running water and, after wetting with a towel, apply any nourishing cream. The course of treatment should last 15 days. During the course of treatment to enhance the therapeutic effect, folk medicine advises to take inside the decoction of birch buds. To make it, you will need 100 grams of fresh birch buds. They must be crushed, passing through a meat grinder, pour a liter of water and boil for an hour. After this, leave the broth to cool and strain through the gauze. Take the broth twice a day, half the glass, before eating. If psoriasis of the scalp, treatment should be accompanied by rinsing the hair with this decoction.
  • Also a good folk physician for patients,suffering from psoriasis, can become the root of celery. It must be used for compresses, as well as decoctions for oral administration. To prepare a compress of celery, you need to wash the root of the celery, give it a steep boiling water and chop it with a meat grinder. The resulting gruel should be applied to gauze and applied to the affected areas of the skin, covering the compress on top with a polyethylene film. The skin should be left on the skin for about two hours, after which the skin should be rinsed under running water and applied to it with any nourishing cream. The course of treatment should last 21 days, after which it is necessary to take a week break. As a rule, three courses of such treatment are enough to not remember for a long time about psoriasis. Treatment of psoriasis of the head with folk remedies is also carried out with decoction of celery root. To do this, after each washing of the head, the sick person should rinse the head with a decoction. Simultaneously with the external application of celery, it is necessary to take a decoction of the root. To do this, place in one liter of boiling water 100 grams of crushed celery root. Boil the broth for ten minutes, then cool and strain using gauze. Take the broth sick should be once a day, on an empty stomach.
  • In conclusion, I would like to remind you once again,that, despite the fact that there is an effective treatment of psoriasis with folk remedies, there is still a need to visit a dermatologist. Only a doctor can adequately assess your condition and give the necessary recommendations for further treatment. Do not despair and do not give up if you do not succeed on the first try. Patience and time in the treatment of psoriasis are your main helpers! We advise you to read: