What is the difference between the Lunar calendar?

In the world there are several types of differentcalendars. The calendar defines some time intervals in accordance with the movement of such celestial bodies as the Sun and the Moon. Lunar calendar is a special kind of calendar, which is based on the phases of the moon - the moon. Calendars, orienting on the phases of the moon, appeared very long ago, back in antiquity. A variety of sources lead to a large number of facts that indicate where the Lunar Calendar was first invented. According to one version, the world's first calendar based on moon phases was first invented in the lands where Iraq now resides - in Mesopotamia. Ancient Sumerians in the third millennium BC began to use the moon as a temporary measure. But the inquisitive minds of the scientists are still appealing and continue to seek the answer to the main question: "Who and when became the creator of such a wonderful invention as the Lunar Calendar?" And build many versions and conjectures about this. But in one opinion are one: The lunar calendar was still the first. The phases of the moon are very easy to observe. Therefore, the ancient Chinese, Jews, Babylonians and Greeks used the Moon calendar.

What was the reason for the transition from the Lunar calendar to the Sun?

Once upon a time, for a long time, people led in the maina nomadic way of life, without being late for a long time in one place. Over time, there was a division into nomads and farmers. The latter led a sedentary lifestyle. In order to properly care for the land and get a good harvest, you need to monitor the time of the year. After all for the tiller the sun heat and light is extremely important. It was then that the Solar calendar replaced Lunar. Now almost all major calendars are based on the phases of the Sun except the Muslim, which is completely based on the Moon.

Calendars of ancient Russia

About which calendar ourancestors, there are many versions and theories. Historians say that it was a lunisolar calendar. It is known that, being pagan and very superstitious, people who once lived on these lands, found harmony in everything, and most importantly, lived in unity with nature. For our climate, the lunar calendar alone was not exactly enough. That version of the solar calendar, which we are accustomed to using, is fairly simple to use, as it employs several clear rules. For example, in 24 hours, a new day starts at exactly 00.00 hours. The peculiarity of the modern solar calendar are some irregularities, namely, the alternate number of days in each month: in one - 30 days, in the next - 31 days. February is an exception. In the lunar calendar, there is no clear, generally accepted system. It is also variable, like water. The moon has the greatest impact on water. From its position depend on ebb and flow. Nevertheless, the officially adopted calendar can not become a guarantee that in reality, in nature itself everything will happen exactly as it is prescribed. As a rule, the new season does not begin strictly from the first day. Heat can last up to the winter months, and colds need not end in March. Often in March it is colder than, for example, in January. Nature is impermanent and mobile. Its variable nature is more reflective of the lunar calendar. The fact that the Lunar calendar has come to the fore does not negate the powerful influence of this heavenly body on Earth, our nature and our life. We are keenly aware of the changes in the lunar phases. It is extremely important for a person to feel part of nature, to be a single entity and to change with it, while retaining flexibility. The human body varies depending on the phases of the moon. Changes in the balance and exchange of water in the body, which affects the overall well-being of a person. The moon determines not only the physical, but also the mental state of a person. We begin to change inside, which means that our psyche and behavior are also being rebuilt. Following the laws that are listed in the Lunar calendar, a person acquires the opportunity to become more healthy and successful in everything. About the same as , the lunar calendar will tell at what pointit is better to take active actions, and in which - just wait. After all, going ahead is not always the best option for achieving the goal. Understanding the rhythms of nature and energy, which exert such a powerful influence on each person, makes it possible to "catch" the energy wave and act correctly. Lunar calendar - the basic concepts: Moon days (day) - the time from the moonrise to the next sunrise. The phases of the moon are the level of moonlight in the sky, which changes periodically. The states of the Moon: The growing (young) Moon is time destined for change; The decreasing (defective or aging) Moon is the time of rest and decreasing forces. The main lunar events are: New Moon is a period when three planets (Earth, Sun and Moon) are on the same straight line. The full moon is the period in which the Moon looks like a huge shining disk. At this time, three planets are almost in a straight line. Eclipse is a phenomenon in which one planet (the heavenly body) obscures the other.