types of emergency contraceptives Many had to deal with the situation,when during the sexual act the condom was torn and the sperm got into the female body. Penetration of sperm can also be the result of physical rape. What to do in this case? Is there really no way out and now you should expect pregnancy? And if this pregnancy is extremely undesirable and will require a further abortion? But even from this situation there is a way out. Modern medicine has developed emergency contraceptive pills that will avoid unwanted conception and prevent the consequences of unprotected sex. Immediately it is worth noting that such contraceptive means of emergency can be used only in the most extreme cases, their frequent use can cause serious harm to the female body. consultation with a gynecologist

About emergency contraceptive pills

Otherwise, emergency contraception meanstablet next day. The effect of this contraceptive method lasts for 72 hours, that is, for three days, which follow an unprotected sexual intercourse. The sooner this tablet is taken after intercourse, the more likely that conception will not occur. So, if the emergency contraceptive is taken within 24 hours after unprotected sex, then the effectiveness will be about 95%, if the pill was taken 25-48 hours after sex, then the efficiency is reduced by 10%. And if the contraceptive medication was used after 49-72 hours, the result is 55-60%. You can notice that every day the tablet is becoming less effective. Therefore, it is recommended to use emergency contraception in the first day after intercourse. If conception does occur, there can be no question of any contraception, only abortion may be required. Emergency contraception the following day may include the following drugs:

  • Contraceptive means 24 hours (method). This method involves the use of some funds immediately after unprotected intercourse, and also after 12 hours. Among such contraceptives, ovidone, non-ovolon (2 tablets at once); microgonon-30, ригевидон, miniziston - 3 tablets and marvelon - 4 tablets.
  • If it has already passed 24 hours after intercourse, thencan help other drugs that are effective within 72 hours of unprotected sex. You can take 2 postinor tablets. The interval between doses should be 12 hours.
  • There are also emergency contraception,able to help after 72 hours. Among such means is a copper-containing spiral. Its advantage can be considered that even in 5 days after unprotected intercourse it is able to prevent the introduction of a fertilized egg into the uterus. In the case of physical violence, it is not recommended to put a copper-containing spiral, this is due to possible infections.
  • Now it is not difficult to acquirein the pharmacy, an escaped and postinor. Both drugs contain a large dose of the hormone levonorgestrel. The difference between the two drugs is the number of tablets: in the escapel - one, and in postinore - two.

    How Emergency Contraceptive Pills Work

    Such a contraceptive method, capable ofprevent pregnancy, causes some responses in the female body. First, emergency contraceptives prevent the ovaries from releasing the egg. Secondly, they interfere with the meeting of the egg and sperm. In addition, do not allow a fertilized egg to enter the uterus. After taking an emergency contraceptive, there is a thickening of the mucous secretion, which is present in the cervix of the uterus, thereby creating all conditions so that the sperm can not get into the egg and fertilize it. This is exactly how the substances contained in contraceptive pills that have an emergency effect act. Some drugs contain only progestin, while others contain both progestin and estrogen. After taking these drugs, some side effects may occur due to the high content of the hormone in them. Among them may be nausea, diarrhea, vomiting. Often, the side effect is abdominal pain, fatigue, headache, pain in the vagina, irregular menstrual cycle. It is very important after applying at least one of the listed side effects to seek help from a specialist. The reason for contacting the medical center can be considered some points. For example, if pain occurs in the lower abdominal region, ectopic pregnancy (within the fallopian tubes) can be reported three to five weeks after taking the contraceptive. There may be chest pain, rashes on the arms, legs, feet and shoulders, a dull look, shortness of breath, vomiting after 2 hours after taking the pill (this may indicate an incorrect dose of the hormone). alternatives to emergency drugs

    Alternative to emergency drugs

    Some women as contraceptionuse contraceptive pills (aka oral contraceptives), the use of which is regular. Taking such medications allows you to avoid unwanted conception. When choosing such hormonal drugs it is recommended to consult with your gynecologist, who will choose the most suitable drugs for you. Tablets intended for emergency contraception can not be taken for a long time, and several times in a row. After all, they can simply lose their effectiveness, which will increase the likelihood of unwanted conception. In the event that an unwanted conception does occur, there are also special pills that help to terminate the pregnancy. Not so long ago, an emergency contraceptive appeared on the market, like Genale. Its advantage is that the drug is nonhormonal, and the action is based on a different principle. It is much better transferred than other drugs, its efficacy within 72 hours is the highest and is about 98-99%.

    More about postinore

    Postinor is a drug that allowsprevent unwanted conception. In this preparation, the dosage of the active substance is selected experimentally. With the proper administration of this remedy, as a rule, it is possible to prevent unwanted conception. What does the postinor tablet contain? And they contain a synthetically created analogue of the hormone levonorgestrel. This hormone is part of the drugs that are intended for planned contraception. However, the content of this hormone in postinore is much higher than in the planned oral contraceptives. Accept postinor should be at intervals of 12 hours. In the package there are two tablets, one of which is drunk after intercourse, and the second - after 12 hours. This drug is able to prevent unwanted conception for three days (72 hours). Sometimes you need two doses of the drug. This is possible in the event that vomiting occurs after taking at least one of the tablets. This may indicate a nonabsorbability of the tablet. It is advisable to take such tablets after meals. This will reduce the risk of vomiting. Postinor does not interrupt an existing pregnancy, he can only prevent it. This suggests that you will not be able to use this tool to induce abortion. But here there are pluses: the drug does not harm the fetus, and it can be safely preserved. It is very important to know that the use of an emergency contraceptive does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases. If you have been physically abused or have had unprotected intercourse with an unverified person, seek medical advice immediately, which will exclude the presence of certain diseases. It is worth knowing that if you had another unprotected sex, but after using postinor, the effect of the drug does not apply to it. This remedy is not intended for regular contraception, so its frequent use is unacceptable. If, after unprotected intercourse, you have accepted postinor, and the pregnancy has nevertheless come, urgently consult a doctor. After all, this drug can increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. That is why it is necessary to conduct an ultrasound study, which will show where the fetus is located. choice of contraceptive

    Contraceptive preparation escapel

    Unlike Postinor, one capsule of the Escapelacontains 150 mg of a levongestrel hormone. Therefore, the package contains only one tablet. The remedy is most effective if it is taken in the first day after unprotected intercourse. This remedy may cause nausea and even vomiting. If vomiting occurs earlier than three hours after ingestion, it is recommended that you reapply the escapel. The medicine can provoke malfunctions of a menstrual cycle, promote occurrence of blood vaginal discharge from a vagina, cause delay of monthly, and also pains in a breast. In the case of a delay in menstruation for more than five days, it is recommended that a test be conducted to determine if you are pregnant. The reception of the tablet of the escapel, like the postinor, does not negatively affect the already existing fetus. If you took this drug, but were already pregnant, then there is no need to have an abortion. Both postinor and escaped are ineffective in the presence of pregnancy. There are some contraindications for taking emergency contraception. These include severe diseases of the bile duct or liver (cirrhosis, hepatitis). If you have recovered jaundice, then taking emergency contraception is strictly prohibited. The pubertal period in adolescents is a contraindication for the administration of such drugs. If you have once taken these medications and they caused a number of side effects, repeated use is not recommended. This may indicate the intolerance of the drug and its components.

    Other contraceptives

    It is possible to avoid the need to use onefrom the above drugs, simply by taking regular oral contraceptives (OK). Oral contraceptives are divided into one-component (mini-saw) and two-component (combined). Single components contain only progestins. This component of the drug is able to prevent penetration of the sperm into the uterus. This group includes such drugs as Eksluton and Charozetta. One package includes 28 tablets that must be taken regularly. After the packaging is finished, you should immediately start receiving a new one. Reception mini-saws can serve as the main method of protection from unwanted conception. The advantage of single-component drugs is the absence of estrogen. This suggests that mini-pili have no side effect, which can be observed when taking combined OK. When taking a mini-drink, the amount of monthly discharged blood is significantly reduced, and the monthly ones become painless. One of the drawbacks of this type of OK is the inability to protect against genital infections. In addition, the drug should be used in strictly prescribed time, and delay in admission even for 3 hours can significantly reduce the effectiveness. As a rule, minipills are prescribed to women after childbirth, in case a woman nurses a baby. Such OK do not do any harm to the child, but, nevertheless, can cause a decrease in the amount of milk from the mother. Many women have contraindications for taking funds containing estrogens, so mini-pills are considered an excellent alternative and an excellent contraceptive. postinor

    COCs (combined oral contraceptives)

    This group includes the following medicinalpreparations: Yarina, Lindineth-20, Lyndynet-30, Regulon, Logest, Jeannine, Novinet, Rigevidone, Tri-Mersey, Chloe, Diane-35 and others. These drugs contain both progesterone and estrogen. Like other OC, drugs of this group block ovulation and make the cervix impassable for spermatozoa. They are considered more reliable and effective than mini-pili. With the correct intake of combined OC, the probability of becoming pregnant is reduced to 99.9%. COCs are able to restore the menstrual cycle, relieve the pain during menstruation, reduce the loss of blood. They are able to reduce the risk of many diseases (inflammatory processes, cancer of the uterus, mastopathy, ovarian cancer, etc.). Very often, COCs are used in the treatment of certain gynecological diseases (uterine bleeding, endometriosis). Like mini-drunks, COCs are not able to protect against sexual infections. The onset of COCs may be accompanied by spotting, pain in the lower abdomen and other unpleasant symptoms. Take them should be strictly on schedule, any inappropriately taken pill can increase the chance to become pregnant. When choosing a contraceptive, be sure to consult your gynecologist.