Climbing plants are often used fordecoration of landscape design. They are used for vertical landscaping of terraces, arbors, balconies and fences. They are excellent at coping with the role of masker, hiding the shortcomings or flaws in construction. Many of these plants are completely unpretentious, so they can become for you the best friend on the backyard. Especially if this site is small. Think about why you need to plant flowerbeds, if there is an opportunity to plant vines that will grow up without taking up space and decorating the surrounding area? To decorate the garden, it is advisable to choose perennial plants, so you do not have to update the site design every year. And in order to make it easier for you to choose for your garden an unpretentious climbing perennial plant, let's take a closer look at the species of lianas and the rules for caring for them.
Have you ever wondered howBoston ivy (and other climbing plants that do not require support) grows up the brick wall? It's simple, because Boston ivy is a plant with Velcro that it uses to adhere to any surface, due to small sticky tendrils. When a plant with Velcro faces an obstacle, it easily starts to grow in the side. But do not forget to be careful, because planting this plant next to the building, damage to masonry or other materials is possible. The peculiarity of the ivy is that if you steer it correctly, do not let the shoots go up, but press it against the ground, then you will have a thick deciduous carpet on the plot that will successfully replace the lawn. However, walking on it is not desirable - let it perform only a decorative function. Special care this climbing plant does not require, but to the place of planting ivy is very picky. It is best to plant it in a calm and sunny place. For the winter, the plant is not harbored, it tolerates frosts perfectly, it does not lose leaves, just changes them to young ones with the onset of spring.
This kind of climbing plant is unable to grow itselfby design. And if you want a rose to grow in an arbor or on a lattice, it is worthwhile to help the plant. To do this, attach it or tie it to the structure. However, you should be very careful and do not fasten the branches too tightly - this can damage them. If possible, it is better to buy grills that have special clips made for these purposes. Roses are a kind of climbing plants, which are absolutely not demanding for soil and moisture. You will need to take care only of access to the plant sunlight. For the successful growth and flowering of a wicker rose, at least 6 hours of sunshine is needed. In the middle of summer this plant will start to please you with luxuriant flowering. This period lasts about a month. Usually the curling rose blossoms once a year, but if you remove the wilted buds on time and cut dead branches, it can surprise you - blossom again in the beginning of autumn. Every year after winter all dry branches need to be cut to give young shoots more freedom. And once in two or three years the plant needs to be thinned, removing the oldest branches.
Clematis - a kind of climbing plants, possessinglarge and colorful flowers. And the leaves of his juicy and bright shade. By the way, it is the clematis that clings to the support, and the higher the design, the higher it grows. Clematis is completely unpretentious, besides it has many colors. Therefore, you will have the opportunity to choose a flower to taste, which fits the design of the whole site. Blooms clematis once, but, as well as the rose can please you with a second blossom, although less abundant, if you trim the wilted buds in time. Crop the plant in spring, as soon as buds appear, cut out dry branches and shorten the live ones. Each sort of clematis needs its care, so when you purchase, check with the seller for details. The general rule is only one: when dealing with pruning, do not let the branches in the height, they should be at eye level.
This is the most common type of plant in our country.country, because it is best adapted to our climate. The bright foliage of the grapes appears in the early spring and lasts until late autumn, changing its color depending on the weather conditions. Very beautiful wild grapes look exactly in the fall, decorating your garden with yellow, red and bard leaves. Grapes are unpretentious, for landing it any, chosen by you place will approach. The main thing will take care of a strong support. Special care does not require wild grapes, the only thing that he needs is timely pruning. If you do not trim the plant, then in a short time your site will resemble a jungle. It is also necessary to remove those branches that have reached the fruit trees, because in time the tree can not withstand the load and die.
Wisteria is a southern lady, so she can be raisedfar from everyone. But if you manage to grow this beauty, your garden will be envious of everything! The plant blossoms very beautifully, with clusters of blue, white or pink, which hang from the branches for 20-30 centimeters. The place for planting should be warm and windless. It is also necessary to limit the space for growth, since wisteria gives additional shoots from the roots. It can ruin other plants on your site. In regions with mild climates the plant develops successfully and winter warming is not needed. The closer to the north or to places where it is constantly windy, the more difficult it is to keep wisteria in winter. The features of the insulation are quite scrupulous, so it is best to consult about this when buying a plant.
We build support
There are quite a few species of climbing plants, and each of them needs different supports and constructions. Let's consider this issue a little more:
- For plants that have thin stems, lightweight construction is enough. Such as the grid "rabitsa." Also the ideal option will be plastic or even fabric mesh.
- Larger and heavier branches need morestrong constructions. It is best to use wooden pergolas. On this support can be attached to any of the climbing plants, and feel while it is itself will be great.
- The thinner the branches of a plant, the thicker it isfill the support. Wisteria, for example, will develop well on a support with horizontal beams with a distance of 30-40 centimeters, wild grapes will require a shorter distance - about 20 centimeters. But the clematis needs a net to fill the main support.
Whichever of the lianas you choose, the approach toThe construction of the support must be serious. After all, it depends on how the plant will feel. And if it is "happy", then its appearance will bring only satisfaction and joy! We advise you to read: