His popularity is the coquette of the kalatheia owesunusually beautiful leaves. As the peacock dissolves his wonderful tail, so she pleases the eye with ornamented leafy leaves. Like all babes, she is pretty capricious and capricious. Therefore, it requires special attention. And if you decide to start a house with kalathea, then be ready for her whims. Let's find out what kind of kalatea care and maintenance requires?
The plant is small you can not name, in height itreaches 80 cm. And most of its species have large oblong leaves collected in a compact basket. Surprisingly, they are always deployed to the sun, although the plant is shade-loving. It comes from the tropical forests of the American continent. In indoor floriculture, kalateia is represented by several popular species:
- kalatea painted (striped leaf dark green in the middle with a light streak and a light edging along the edge),
- kalatei saffron (sheet dark green on top and dark purple bottom),
- kalatei striped (velvety bright green leaves, with wide dark stripes),
- kalatea is remarkable (leaf wavy along the edge, light green, spotted, from below violet),
- kakateya Makoya (silvery thin leaves with a dark green edge and the same pattern in the form of a feather, dark purple from below),
- Lubbers calataea (green leaves with long yellow spots).
Despite the fact that all types of kalatei are valuableas decorative-deciduous, there are among them blossoming specimens. Kalatea saffron blossoms with bright orange-red flowers on high peduncles. Kalatea striped in summer knocks long arrows with small purple flowers. Blossom also Kalateja Varšević. Beautiful it is not the flowers themselves, and the cream bryophyte leaves, similar to oblong roses.
Kalatea. Climate control
The native kalatea, as is known, from the humid tropics(there and to this day, its neodomashnennye relatives grow wildly). Therefore, the room conditions for these plants require suitable conditions. Kalatei love warmth and partial shade. Do not endure drafts, sudden changes in temperature and direct sunlight. For the constant decorative of the leaves, they need good lighting. For good health and growth - moist air. Best kalatei grow in rooms with south-east and south-west windows. In winter, Kalatea should be kept in a warm room with a temperature of at least 18 degrees. At this time of year the plant can suffer not only from a low temperature, but from a lack of light. Therefore, if it is impossible to place it near the window, it is worthwhile to organize an artificial illumination for the kalatei. In no case can not put a flower next to the radiator. In summer, the plant should be constantly sprayed and wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. In hot weather, kalatheia should be watered abundantly, and put the pot in a container filled with moist peat, expanded clay or pebbles. Spring and autumn are the most favorable time for these plants. But in this period, we should not forget that they are moisture and light-loving.
All marantovye are demanding to the content inroom conditions. No exception and kalateya: a flower care for yourself requires the right. In what way is this expressed? Watering. For watering use only standing soft water at room temperature. The intensity of watering depends on the time of year. In the summer it should be abundant, at the rest of the time moderate, but sufficient. With a lack of moisture in the kalatei, the leaves start to curl, and by pouring the plant, you will provoke decay of the roots. Top dressing. During the growth period (April-August), kalatheia should be fed with the usual liquid fertilizer for houseplants. Do this every two weeks. And for flowering kalates it is also desirable to fertilize a special fertilizer for ornamental and flowering plants. Transfer. It is necessary every spring. Transplant kalatei into shallow pots, since the root system is superficial. The earth must be loose and light, designed specifically for the Marant (or Azaleas). Plants older than three years are transplanted less often - in two to three years. During the transplant, you can also divide the shrub for reproduction. For the prevention of disease and pest control, the kalatejas require, first of all, comfortable conditions: sufficient moisture and proper watering. When pests (whiteflies, thrips, spider mites) appear, it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and apply special insecticides. Here are the requirements for the content of this whimsical houseplant. If you observe them, you will certainly be able to grow healthy healthy kalathea. And she will try to become a worthy and rich decoration of your house. We advise you to read: