Perhaps, every woman knows very well what iscystitis, because this problem was encountered at least once in life. It is clear why the search for effective drugs that can prevent a relapse of the disease is the most important task, solved by the best scientists of the world. Since almost always this ailment begins because of bacterial infection, a natural question arises: what are the most effective antibiotics for cystitis?
The best antibiotics for cystitis
The main types of bacteria that causecystitis, are E. coli (up to about 95% of cases). But recent studies have revealed that more than 50% of the drugs used are ineffective against different types of Escherichia coli due to the mutation of the bacterium and an increase in its resistance. Scientists have found that 31-51% of E. coli strains are resistant to ampicillin, and 14-35% are resistant to cotrimoxazole, although these drugs were recently considered to be the main ones in the treatment of these bacteria. We managed to find a positive moment, which became the basis for further research and the creation of the most effective drugs: E.Coli is almost resistant to phosphomycin. Based on this substance, antibiotics are produced, aimed at treating cystitis, a new generation. For a long time, the fluoroquinolone series was considered to be the best, but due to the frequent and inexpedient application, the sensitivity of bacteria to them decreased. It is important to note that the treatment of chronic cystitis with antibiotics is ineffective, and they are used only for exacerbations. The appearance of symptoms of cystitis indicates a weak immunity, and the use of strong medications only further depresses the body. As a result, it will become more difficult to fight infection and after the attacks of acute cystitis will appear frequent and painful. But speaking of drug treatment, it is important to learn a few facts:
- with acute cystitis, exacerbation occurs against the background of a decrease in the protective functions of the body and therefore can occur equally often in winter and summer;
- no folk remedies and phytopreparationscope with a bacterial infection, they will only be able to disguise the symptoms, and after a relapse of the ailment occurs. For example, a girl drank infusions of medicinal herbs in acute cystitis and drowned out the symptoms, but the disease did not pass, but passed into a chronic form;
- Antibiotics for children should be carefully selected
- taking any medicine against cystitis, it is advisable to drink more fluids
Some features of monodose antibacterial therapy
This therapy is carried out by a one-time admissionMonural - a new generation drug. A significant concentration of phosphomycin, which is the main medication of this medication, is in the body for 1-2 days, accumulating in the bladder. It is due to this that a 100% death of pathogenic microorganisms occurs and there is no negative effect on the microflora. In addition, there are no adverse reactions. In the treatment, photodermatosis does not develop, which is the case with the use of fluoroquinolones. Treatment with Monural is preferable, and antibacterial drugs having a more distant effect do not have any advantages. It is recommended to drink more liquid, well treats the bladder inflammation of the cranberry juice.
More about Furadonin
Recently, the treatment of each diseasebased on recommendations - this is a well-grounded conclusions from specialists in a certain field, specific advice on the use of drugs and other treatments. In all the recommendations for the treatment of cystitis over the past year, it is emphasized: due to the fact that patients often treat the disease themselves with antibiotics, a national problem has appeared. The microbes that cause the disease have acquired resistance to these drugs, after which it became much more difficult to fight them. In various parts of the country, studies were conducted and after concluding that the drug, which was used only 5 years ago, now no longer treats the disease as effectively as before. This disease begins after microorganisms that live in the intestine get into the bladder. Often these are E. coli, but other pathogens may also occur. If these microbes do not cause harm to the digestive tract, here they cause pain, inflammation, and violation of urination. Certainly it is necessary to treat chronic cystitis with antibiotics - only such a group of drugs can rid of harmful bacteria. Herbs cured cystitis so far no one has succeeded. It would be more logical to pass an analysis for the culture of urine to identify the pathogen, and then to find out which antibiotic is harmful to the microorganism found. After that, based on the results, the doctor could prescribe a more accurate treatment. But in practice this is not possible, as the cystitis proceeds very painfully, and the inflammation can go directly to the kidneys, so treatment must be started immediately, and the result of the analysis can not be obtained earlier than 1 week. Treatment of chronic cystitis with antibiotics is prescribed without analysis. One of the drugs used is Furadonin. Studies have shown that against chronic cystitis Furadonin is still relevant - it can cope with E. coli, the most frequent causative agent of chronic cystitis. But there are also nuances - other bacteria that parasitize the intestines and cause the disease in 5-7% of cases, are very rarely susceptible to the drug. To predict the outcome of treatment, no one can. Drinking the medicine is necessary according to the prescription. Plus the application of Furadonin - its low price. Take the drug 4 times a day, which is most likely uncomfortable, especially when you consider that the violation of the interval between taking the medication leads to a decrease in effectiveness. Alternatively, you can advise you to drink other anti-inflammatory drugs that contain the same substance (nitrofurantoin), but in the form of macrocrystals, which are released very slowly, which means that 1 dose is enough for many hours. Applying Furadonin in cystitis, it is important to drink the liquid in large quantities, so that the effect of the drug was the most. It is believed that this drug is occasionally poorly tolerated, causing digestive disorders and nausea. This statement applies to each antibiotic. Consider Furagin. Drink it should be within 7-14 days as prescribed by the doctor, and after the examination. This drug belongs to the group of antibiotics, which contains and furadonin, but not so effective. Experts advise to use Furagin only when the urine culture was analyzed and it was found that the cystitis is caused by an agent that does not have resistance to it. Only in this case, Furagin successfully treats the disease. In other cases, taking this medicine does not make sense, it can only aggravate the course of the disease. The downside of Furagin's prescription is that this drug does not kill bacteria, but only stops their growth and reproduction. It is recommended to take other anti-inflammatory drugs.
The main types of antibiotics
Cystitis is treated with 5 types of antibiotics. Each of them has its influence on pathogenic bacteria. It is better to consider each of them in more detail. Penicillins - a group of antibiotics that have a bactericidal effect and are considered highly effective, because they affect bacteria in the stage of their reproduction. Substances such as amoxicillin, cefaclor, cephalexin, ampicillin and dicloxacillin easily penetrate the cell, they act on the pathogen. In the process of using this group of antibiotics in microorganisms, resistance develops very slowly. But these drugs are well tolerated even with long-term use, because they have a low level of toxicity. The sulfanilamide group includes preparations: sulfamethisole and sulfamethoxazole. They are well absorbed into the walls of the stomach and intestines, exerting bacteriostatic action on the body and stopping the growth and growth of bacteria. Preparations: tetracycline, minocycline and dioxycycline are bacteriostatic agents that suppress many bacteria. Some pathogens are resistant to these drugs, so it is worth considering this fact before starting treatment. Erythromycin is a bacteriostatic antibiotic that destroys bacteria. Drinking this drug is necessary not only for chronic cystitis, but also for prevention. Erythromycin therapy is indicated for people with an allergy to penicillin. This drug has antiseptic effects in infectious diseases of the urinary system. Nitrofurantoin cures the body of microorganisms. To treat cystitis with antibiotics was effective, the patient must pass tests that indicate the degree of susceptibility of specific pathogens to certain drugs. Treatment is carried out by the courses that the doctor determines, based on the analysis of the patient's tests and well-being. In acute form, the patient should be treated with a course of therapy. Antibiotics in pregnant and elderly women are administered under the supervision of a gynecologist. If there is a risk, there is a possibility of increasing the duration of antibiotic treatment. There is nothing worse than chronic cystitis. It is desirable to treat the disease immediately. And when treating you need to drink plenty of fluids.