It is generally accepted that the wisdom tooth is cutadults. By and large, so it is. However, these teeth begin to form in childhood. But the peculiarity of the development of the third molars (as they are called by their dentists) is that they do not have any precursors - milk teeth, which would have prepared the soil for eruption in advance. If these teeth were cut like everyone else, there would certainly be no problems. Although toddlers also suffer when their teeth are chopped. The child suffers, because he can not understand why it hurts so much. And how many sleepless nights mom has to spend at the crib of a child! He cries, because it hurts him, he has a fever, he feels bad ... However, we are not so much about children as about adults. It also happens that the wisdom tooth grows like an ordinary tooth without disturbing its "master", and at some point the eruption through the gum may stop. Then the tooth, figuratively speaking, again comes out of hibernation, that is, the wisdom tooth is cut and hurts. It hurts a person, sometimes it hurts to open his mouth. Very often, when the tooth is cut, symptoms such as swelling, fever appear. Why is this happening? There are several points of view on this problem. According to some scientists, the difficult growth and incorrect position of the wisdom teeth are due to the fact that modern people, unlike their ancestors, jaws somewhat decreased in size. In other words, the number of teeth remained the same, and the dental arches of the upper and lower jaw became smaller. And because the wisdom teeth are cut last, it is easy to get into their place, they can only when there is free space. If the picture is different, they start to change: they can be cut at an incline, press on adjacent teeth, thereby destroying them, remain under the gum or even under the jawbone. How many times did dentists have to prune the gum to release the ill-fated tooth.
What if you are worried about the wisdom tooth?
As already mentioned above, teethingwisdom is sometimes accompanied by local inflammation and pain. In principle, this is natural. If everything develops normally and it does not hurt much, the temperature does not rise, then it is quite possible to do with anesthetics and mouth rinsing with a warm soda-salt solution. And what about when the situation worsened? After all, if the teeth are cut and can not come out in any way, the gum above the outgoing tooth can become very inflamed, so that the temperature rises, it is even painful for a person to open his mouth. Moreover, this condition is dangerous inflammation of surrounding tissues, up to the bone, and this is a very serious threat to health. What to do if it is not just painful where the tooth should be cut, but the whole jaw already hurts and the temperature is tortured? Of course, you need to contact the dentist. In general, it is best to do this when the process has not gone so far.
"Can not delete do not delete" - where to put a comma?
These notorious third molars, which are cutthe latter, even if they managed to get out of the gum more or less unproblematically, as a rule, they eventually start to cause inconveniences anyway. They are difficult to look after due to their specific location. How many problems arise even with the most commonly hygienic cleaning of teeth. And when a certain time passes, on the third molars and teeth that are next to them, a plaque is formed, bacteria begin to multiply, and then caries develop. The dentist in this situation is extremely difficult to seal carious cavities in the wisdom teeth, since the approach to them is difficult. There are problems also in those cases when the tooth did not cut through completely - some part of it remained under the gum. When the remains of food begin to accumulate in a kind of "pocket" between the tooth and the gum, the surrounding tissues become infected and become inflamed, it becomes painful to chew, there is swelling, an unpleasant smell, and the temperature may rise. A logical question arises: what to do when the situation is almost out of control? There are few options, and often the tooth has to be removed. Otherwise, neighboring healthy teeth may be affected. It is hardly worth the risk to save wisdom teeth that do not play a decisive role. Most dentists believe that in some cases the only correct way is to delete. Moreover, if problems arise, it is best to get rid of the wisdom tooth as early as possible. It's not even so much to get rid of suffering as soon as possible (although this is important), but in the possible development of complications. So, after 35 years, the risks of complications increase significantly. And in patients older than 50 years, often the wisdom tooth sprouts into the walls of the alveolar cavity, resulting in the removal of the tooth is complicated by increased trauma. Of course, a competent dentist makes a decision to remove only when a serious examination of the oral cavity was performed, an X-ray was made. Sometimes it is necessary to do a computer tomography to determine the localization of the mandibular vascular-neural bundle. This approach minimizes the risk of possible complications.
What are the consequences of removing the wisdom tooth?
It should be noted that with the right approach toremoval of the third molars, everything goes exactly as when removing any tooth: it hurts, there is swelling, the temperature may even rise. But all these unpleasant symptoms quickly pass, if there are no complications. One of the most common complications is the so-called dry hole syndrome. In other words, it is the absence of a blood clot. This is a very important process, since the clot protects the wound it infects and helps healing. Otherwise, the wound becomes inflamed, the temperature rises, and the healing process is difficult. Sometimes this happens because of the patient who rinses the mouth excessively diligently. It must be done without fail, but without fanaticism. It is much more unpleasant if there are more serious complications: damage to the mandibular nerve, leading to numbness of the oral cavity; bleeding, which lasts more than a day; injury to neighboring teeth, etc.
The healing process
Often patients ask how longwill need to restore the normal state of the mouth. In case everything went well, the recovery period will take just a few days. In order to relieve the condition and remove unpleasant symptoms, the doctor prescribes pain medications, and when necessary, antibiotics. Sometimes the temperature rises, but, as a rule, it quickly returns to normal. In this period it is necessary to reduce physical activity, to monitor food - soft food is shown ,. On the second day after the removal, rinse is usually prescribed (it can be a saline solution or some special remedy for those sold at the pharmacy.If you smoke, then try not to do it in the first day.The care for the oral cavity is the same as always , just when brushing your teeth, try not to injure the hole.
- If you are concerned about the pain in the area of the wisdom tooth, it is painful when you press the side of the jaw where it is located, there is swelling and the temperature is raised, it is very likely that the molar is cutting.
- Wisdom teeth can not be removed in those cases when they occupy the right position, are not curved and are completely healthy.
- Wisdom teeth should be preserved even if caries is affected, if there is a possibility to fully treat them. Very often, the approach to these teeth is difficult.
- Wisdom teeth sometimes play an important role in prosthetics - they perform a function of a certain support.
- In order to keep the teeth in a normal state, you should visit the dentist regularly, monitor the condition of the oral cavity and correct the problems in time.
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