At last your old dream has come true andyou had the opportunity to visit one of the most beautiful European cities, a fairy-tale city, the haven of all lovers - Paris. The heart of France, the city of Paris, is beautiful at any time of the year. Even the rainy autumn evenings give it a special charm, so do not delay for a moment the meeting with the mysterious and simultaneously hospitable capital. Admiration is sure to visit you after the aircraft has landed, because the sights of Paris begin already with the local airport. Charles de Gaulle, which is the perfect creation of modern architecture, which itself resembles a crowded city, which has its customs. Designers have taken care of that you do not miss anything from the first minute of the capital's visit: from the aprons to the exit of passengers carry semi-transparent cars, the view from which is simply breathtaking. The opinions of tourists about whether to use the services of a guide during a trip to France are radically different. Someone is afraid that just physically not have time to see all the most important, because to see even the most important sights of Paris, it will take more than one day. you have already heard about the famous Champs Elysees, the Eiffel Tower and the Notre Dame Cathedral, but it may well be that you will not less like other cozy, though not so popular places in Paris. Here, each courtyard, each street is filled with an atmosphere of romance, unique charm and charm. Therefore, be patient, study the map of Paris and the metro map and go in search of unforgettable impressions, which France will definitely give to you.
The Eiffel Tower is the visiting card of Paris
Often tourists begin with this landmarksights, because to be in Paris and not to visit the Eiffel Tower is considered a bad form. Closest to it from the metro station under the name Champ de Mars-Tour Eiffel, and there you will not need a guide - the tower is visible from afar. Animation on the court in front of the tower does not stop for a minute, even in bad weather. Some join groups, and some strive to remain with this unique creation of human hands in private. The Eiffel Tower has three observation platforms at different heights: the more you are going to see Paris from a higher height, the more expensive it will cost you. In the late autumn, and even more so in winter, dress warmly on the day of the excursion, because the temperature at the bottom and at the topmost area can be very different. On the territory of the tower and at its first level there are cafes where you can have a snack, and for a small fee you can use the telescope and take unique pictures from a bird's eye view. Take pictures where you and the entire tower will be clearly visible, perhaps from the Trocadero observation deck, but the most amazing shots will come if you wait for the darkness when the Eiffel Tower flashes, resembling the fiery tongue of a giant dragon.
Residences of French kings
Louvre - the history of France The most magnificent towerthe architectural ensemble of the Parisian Louvre was built as far back as 1190 by Philippe-Arthur, who wished to carefully monitor the banks of the Seine. In the 14th century Charles V moved the royal treasury here, making the castle his residence. But the construction of the palace, which today pleases the eye of numerous visitors, began with a paradox. The mother tower was destroyed, and in its place appeared the two wings of the new palace, which was later joined by the palace of Tuillery. The greatest artists of the time - Romanelli, Lebrun and Prussen - applied their talent to create this majestic haven of French kings. Then France began to swirl in a whirlwind of revolution, and the Louvre became unsafe. Louis XIV chose a place outside the city, and the Louvre was temporarily forgotten. And only in November 1793 he was transformed into a museum, where the royal collections of world painting were originally collected. During the revolution, among the exhibits of the museum were confiscated paintings and sculptures, and Napoleon supplemented the situation with military trophies from the Middle East and Egypt. The origin of some of the exhibits is shrouded in mystery. For example, the picture of Paolo Veronese "Marriage in Cana of Galilee" was allegedly stolen from a monastery in Venice. Today in the Louvre Museum there are about 300 thousand exhibits, but not all are on display for tourists. Those that are not so well preserved are placed in storage. The Louvre Museum is the oldest art museum in the world. In addition, he is the very heart of Paris, because such is the statue of Louis XIV, which is located on the territory of the museum. France is proud of its rulers, because they created all this greatness, which makes it possible to attract a huge number of tourists from all over the world. Legends of Versailles The power of the French rulers was multiplied many times by the pomp and luxury of their residences, which have survived to our times and attract tourists from all over the world. Here time seemed to stop, and we get to the past, hearing the loud voices of those whose names will forever remain in the people's memory. An unsurpassed architectural creation, which France is proud of, is the Palace of Versailles. It resembles a provincial town with cozy streets, small cafes and shops. From the capital it is separated only 18 kilometers of road, protected on both sides by forest. And here we seem to fall into the time of Louis XIV, whose name is synonymous with French absolutism. Versailles from the beginning of construction and to this day is enveloped in many legends. It was here that Louis XIV tried to hide from political intrigues, bribing the numerous suite with luxurious balls and rewards. Today's experts estimate the entire atmosphere of the palace at 260 billion euros! Therefore, it is not surprising that tourists sometimes do not have enough time to inspect everything. The most grandiose spectacle of the whole ensemble is the Mirror Hall, where seventy meters of the wall is filled with seventeen gilded sculptural lamps. The Versailles library and Versailles Park are not inferior to it. France, the construction of the Palace of Versailles with its display of luxury has served as an example for many European countries, and if many monarchs could later boast of rich palaces, no one could surpass the palace garden of Louis XIV.
Magnificent parks of France
The Luxembourg garden is a wonder of the garden and parkdesign France is a country drowning in the green of deciduous forests, therefore the sights of Paris are simply unthinkable without emerald gardens and parks, which create independent ensembles and subtly complement architectural works. French charm and coziness are blowing from the Luxembourg garden, without which the palace of the same name is simply unthinkable. The palace itself differs little from other royal residences: there is both a showy, undisguised luxury, and amazing refinement, because it was built for Maria Medici in memory of a carefree childhood. But wonderful times have passed, and the construction of the palace was delayed for a long time. But today, visitors have the opportunity to be simultaneously in several epochs: from antiquity to the times of the Great French Revolution, because in the park you can see a lot of sculptures of outstanding figures of history and culture. It is here that there is a reduced Statue of Liberty, on which the famous American was built - a gift of the French to the 100th anniversary of the country's independence. The Luxembourg garden is open to visitors all year round, and the palace itself is only on the first Sunday of the month. The beauty of the garden can be admired for free, and for visiting the palace you will have to pay. Shady alleys and fountains allow visitors to calm down and reflect on the meaning of human existence, after all, even having created such beauty, a person can not admire it forever. Splendor of the Tuileries garden The joint creation of Nature and Man, the Tuileries garden, tempts us from the hustle and bustle of the streets. Translated from French, its name sounds like a "tile factory", because before there was a quarry, where they took clay for ceramic products. Another French aristocrat Catherine de 'Medici chose this place for herself as a palace and in the 16th century began its construction. And that the ensemble even more reminded her of a distant childhood, ordered to break a large park here. It was he who survived to this day, and the palace itself was destined to rest on the ruins of history. The first sketches of the garden were created by André Lenotra, and the work of his grandfather was completed by his equally talented grandson Pierre, who through the magnificent main fountain, the central alley and the unusual view of the pools gave the garden a new look. The French Revolutionaries chose this place for various solemn events, and Napoleon I made it their residence. Sculptures in the garden are made of marble and bronze, and before the entrance there are the works of Antoine Cuazevoks - "Glory sitting on a winged horse" and "Mercury". Iron benches are scattered everywhere, which are rarely empty. Children can take a start in the artificial reservoirs of sailboats for hire. Often the garden hosts exhibitions of works by contemporary sculptors, attracting a large number of representatives of bohemia. The Albert Kam Garden The most unmatched beauty is Albert Kam - a private garden in the southwest of the capital. It was founded by a rich French banker, whose name is the creation. It was he who came up with the idea to put together elements of landscape art of all styles and times. What has turned out of this, have the opportunity to judge visitors, access for which, although not free, is open from April to November. It is impossible to describe in a few words all the splendor of Albert Kama. It begins with a contrast - a Japanese garden. The author was admired by this country and could not but give the most honorable place to his impressions of the culture of the East. There is even a small, but with all the necessary attributes, a tea house and a small copy of Mount Fuji. Here it is dazzled in the eyes of a variety of colors, but there is nothing superfluous. Each, even the most insignificant detail, is in its place, without it the whole ensemble is unthinkable. Rare exotic plants are cherished here by numerous gardeners, invited from all over the world. There was a place in the garden and children's memories of Albert: Vogelsky forest resembles the rural landscapes of France, which are characterized by thickets of wild ivy.
Religion and Parisians
Religion has been and remains an integral part of lifeFrance, so do not offend its residents, ignoring the local temples, which belong to different epochs and architectural styles. Being in Paris and not visiting the famous Notre-Dame de Paris, Montmartre (Hill of the Martyrs), Saint-Chapelle (Holy Chapel) - means wasting your time. There is no more popular place for believers from all over Europe than the Notre Dame Cathedral. Paradoxically, earlier in this place, on the island of Sita - the source of Paris - was a pagan temple. A modern view of the temple was received in the 12th century thanks to Bishop Maurice de Sully. The grand design of the clergyman was reflected in the magnificent appearance and interior situation of the cathedral, which at that time became the largest Gothic structure in Europe. The French Revolution did not spare him. Half-ruined, in the 18th century, Notre-Dame de Paris first turned into the Temple of Reason, and then into the economic warehouse. And only Napoleon Bonaparte brought him back to life. The feature of this attraction is the Arched Colonnade, decorated with famous chimera-gargoyles. The Hill of the Martyrs (Montmartre) is a former small village that entered the city limits in the middle of the 19th century. The name was given to her by the tragic events of the early Christians. Three of them - the first bishop of Paris Dionysius, deacon Eleuthera and priest Rustica - were executed on a village slope. Today it is a rather poor quarter of the capital, but there are always enough tourists. The fact is that on the top of the hill at the end of the 19th century the basilica of the Sacred Heart of Christ (Sacre-Coeur) was built, to which only one steep staircase leads. But the effort is worth it: the white, pink-tinged domes tower above the bustling city, reminding the inhabitants of the eternal. The Chapel of Saint Chapelle is an example of mature French Gothic and the first refuge of Christian relics brought by Louis the Saints from the East. The idyllic building of the chapel does not leave anyone indifferent. And it is unique in that in its construction for the first time in France metal fasteners were used, which was considered an innovation in the whole of Europe.
Past and future of Paris
There is a corner in Paris, which people like very muchcities, dedicating it to their secret secrets. This is undoubtedly transmitted to the guests who are in a hurry to visit the island of Sete, from which, in fact, Paris began. Here lived a tribe of Parisians, who after the attack of the Romans moved to the other side, founded the city, surrounded it with a rampart and named after their tribe - Paris. Today, citizens are trying to preserve the atmosphere of antiquity and mystery in this part of the city, which contributes to many details: here is the first bridge, which after the restoration was called the New Bridge. Walking through narrow streets, tourists feel a special atmosphere of the Middle Ages, you can get out of it only through bridges, which are now a lot. Of course, there are many neighborhoods similar to the Parisian Latin Quarter in European cities, but only here it forms a special district that is not part of the city, but gave the world 12 Nobel laureates - graduates of the Sorbonne and Normallier. Only one step, namely a few metro stops, separates the past from the present in the heart of France. The area of La Défense, called the Parisian Manhattan, was built on the initiative of Charles de Gaulle, who wished to relieve the historical center of the city from traffic congestion. The top of each building is equipped with observation platforms, so you can enjoy the views of Paris, even during business trips. Distinguish where the fairy tale, and where it was, is difficult in Paris Disneyland - a favorite place for children from around the world, which in 2010 on attendance managed to outdo the Eiffel Tower. Initially, the territory of the park was prohibited from selling any alcoholic beverages, but today this rule was simplified for commercial purposes. Adults often forget about age and time when children are brought here. Guests can try 49 different attractions, which are divided into five thematic "lands":
- Main street of the USA;
- The Age of the Wild West;
- Adventure World;
- Country of Fantasies;
- Country discoveries.
And a little more history
France over the centuries, more than once shudderedfrom various historical cataclysms, most of them witnessed the capital. I would like to forget many things, many things have already been reinterpreted three times, but there is a trace in history, because it is natural for a person to learn the truth at the cost of mistakes, sometimes even large ones. Many tragic confessions have heard the walls of the House of Disabled, for many, it has become a quiet haven on the slope of life. It was founded by Louis XIV, who did not think his existence without wars. And they generated a great number of mutilated soldiers who found themselves on the streets and disintegrated the moral foundations. The building would not apply to the Parisian sights, if the monarch did not try for his loyal subjects. Among the six projects provided, Louis XIV chose the work of the young Liberal Brian. As a result, a grand building appeared, resembling a royal residence of four buildings and a courtyard, which today adorns the French capital. Today, veterans of the war live here, but most of the premises are equipped for museums. What you will not see there: from weapons of all countries and eras to models of ancient fortresses, many of which have already consumed time. Here lies the remains of the great Napoleon Bonaparte and several other famous military figures. The most significant in the ensemble of the House of Disabled is the Army Museum, where unique exhibits are exhibited, including private collections. Among them - the first gun made for the army of Louis, six hats from the legendary collection of Napoleon, his general's uniform and sword and much more. Time has put everything in its place, cries from the walls of the terrible Bastille have long since been forgotten, where torture has occurred every day. Reminds of them only the name of the square, which once surrounded the ruined prison in 1790. Many rebels last saw the sun before they were lost forever in its walls. And as the celebration of life on the site of the prison 200 years after its destruction, the Opera of the Bastille opened, before which various events are often arranged. Even the French themselves admit that they can not know their capital to the end, but those who visit here at least once, undoubtedly, are eager to visit Paris again. And he always presents guests in a new light, enchanting and falling in love with himself.