Caring for indoor plants is an endless topic,because for each of their species there are recommendations for watering, growing, breeding and so on. But there are general rules, knowing which, you can always maintain in good condition your small room-type greenhouse. And then you will be able to make so that the plants will delight you with ever-blossoming buds and luxurious greenery. By the way, in addition to the external charm, they help create a special microclimate in the room, give the room a cosiness, and also possess air-disinfecting properties, such as geranium, chlorophytum, aloe, prickly pear cactus and many others. So what is required for quality care for them? For the normal development of green pets, conditions that will be closer to their habitat in nature are necessary. In this article we will talk about how to care for indoor plants, what are their needs in moisture, light, air temperature and humidity. It should be noted that they vary greatly depending on which particular flower has settled on your windowsill. In this case, some green pets are capricious, and you will have to tirelessly take care of them, while others are so unpretentious that it is sometimes easy to forget about them.
On all four sides
The rules for the care of indoor plants consist ofmany points, but you need to start from where you place your green guest or guest. Placing flowerpots with flowers growing in them in an apartment or a house, it is impossible to proceed solely from the requirements of the interior. Of course, this is just a wonderful decoration, but it is alive and therefore worthy to settle where it will be comfortable. It is necessary first of all to take into account that the light-loving species, to which most of the plants belong, are recommended to grow on windows oriented to the south, south-east or south-west, or in the immediate vicinity of them. Unfortunately, the northern side is suitable only for shade-tolerant species that have only decorative foliage. They, as a rule, do not blossom. In the depths of the rooms - on the bedside tables, cabinets and tables - you can arrange such unpretentious plants as ivy, begonia, Tradescantia, monstera, fern, diffenbachia, peperomy, asplenium, alocasia, fittonia, scindapus, rubberic ficus, arrowroot and so on. If they do not have enough light, they will tell you about it themselves. Young shoots will begin to stretch, losing rich coloration, and new leaves will be smaller than old ones. Insufficient insolation often stops the growth of the plant. Therefore, if the eye of the eye that had recently pleased the eye suddenly began to change before our eyes, consider whether its current unattractive appearance is connected with the transfer from one place to another, less illuminated. Many home flowers, especially those located in the depths of the premises, suffer most from lack of light in the short days of the autumn-winter period. Whether it happens with your pets, it's not that hard to understand, just watch them. The leaves have changed color, turned yellow, the plant looks weak and sick, but do not you see any signs of pests or rot? Well, it is likely that the content in the current place of the room does not suit him. Those who want to know how to properly care for indoor plants, it is important to understand that in such conditions, and only temporarily, only strong adult species with a well developed root system can exist. They lack the photosynthesis will be compensated by the consumption of previously stored organic substances. In winter, all plants in any case, it is better to move to the window, and as close as possible, or use artificial lighting with fluorescent lamps, because they give a spectrum of radiation close to the spectrum of daylight. If you decide to make a highlight for your green pets, know that in cloudy weather it will have to be turned on for twelve or fourteen hours, and on bright sunny days - only in the morning and in the evening, to extend the duration of the light period. Such care for indoor plants will provide them with optimum comfort. An additional light source is recommended to be located at a distance of not less than fifteen centimeters from the crown of flowers. If you do not follow these recommendations and hang a lamp directly above them, you can cause a burn at the plant.
If there are a lot of flowers, but only one window sill ...
As for the window sill, on whichcomfortable with most colors, then it should have the widest possible width. The fact is that plants should not touch the leaves of glass. In the summer, it is fraught with burns, and in winter - with hypothermia. And the flowers should not interfere with each other, especially as there are species close neighbors with which your other green pets will not like. For example, it is better to plant geraniums separately - not to liking other plants. And what if most of your flowers love light? Is it not possible to place them all on the sunny side? The way out was invented by more experienced housewives of house greenhouses. It consists in installing on a windowsill a special shelf with shelves. Especially impressive are the small flowerpots with violets. You get such a flowering miniature flowerbed. In addition, do not necessarily put the pots on the sill itself. They can be placed on special decorative stands on the sides of the window so that the sun's rays fall on the plants. Currently, in any themed store, you can choose such a convenient thing, made of a vine, metal forged rods or other material. Many housewives are worried about the question of whether to turn plants to light. Specialists insist on such a need. But in this case there are important nuances: if you want to admire the beautiful flowers, never move the pots and pots at a time when the plants are budding. For example, let's take a simple cactus. Did you know that nature has given him one interesting feature - to dump already formed buds, if the position of the plant itself changes sharply relative to the light source. Yes, imagine that such a long-awaited event as the appearance of a delicate flower in the environment of thorns, can not take place only because you have transferred the cactus to another, the best place, in your opinion. By the way, this is just a protective mechanism, not the whimsical behavior of a whimsical pet. In the desert, as we know, very difficult conditions for survival. Therefore, a plant torn out by a storm or a camel shot down by a hoof is forced to get rid of the buds and direct all the forces in order to take root again. Yes, when it comes to life and death, there is no beauty. As you can see, in the world of flora, laws similar to human ones also operate.
Fertile soil is a vital necessity
Indoor plants must be transplanted. It is desirable to do this in spring with a frequency of every two years. This need is caused not so much by the fact that the plant is growing, how much deterioration of the soil itself. Of course, nutrients can be replenished with fertilizers, but eventually the soil changes its structure, becomes dense, which makes it difficult to access the roots of oxygen. In addition, the soil changes its acidity, is clogged with salts that accumulate in it during watering. Tips for caring for indoor plants contain one important detail: each type of home colors need their own soil, which includes various components. The sod and leaf land, moss, peat, sand, bark, mixed in different proportions, are the ideal components of the plant substrate. We have long been accustomed to the sale of ready-made soil in flower shops, and we buy it for our green pets, believing that this is the best choice. Indeed, houseplants that are not demanding on soil composition, feel good at transplantation, they usually do not notice signs of rejection of soil, rejection and so on. But it does not always happen. So you need to figure out how to find what you need for your plants. It should be noted that fertilizers and plant primers are goods that are not subject to compulsory certification. Therefore, the contents of packages may not correspond to the declared composition on the label. Moreover, many firms simply fill up the purchased raw materials. We must also be able to distinguish between the concepts of substrate and soil. The latter necessarily contains sand, which is necessary for roots for comfortable growth. A substrate is used to enrich open soil. All the soils that are sold in stores are divided into two groups:
Returning to the topic of transplanting roomplants, you need to emphasize that it is very needed by those that are bought in the store. A light, but tight pot of plastic that hardly holds the root system, and a handful of substrate are needed in order to provide the minimum weight during transportation. They are not suitable for the normal existence and growth of plants. In addition, in an apartment flowers fall into completely different conditions. And sometimes they hardly adapt to the new habitat. That is why care for them in the first months should be particularly careful and thorough.
Small secrets of experienced florists
Many houseplants can be turned intoneat and compact bushes, giving them a beautiful shape. The main thing is to know the basic principles of the correct formation of the crown. For this, it is necessary to cut off in time the strong and basic shoots of the so-called "leaders". The most painless way is to periodically pinch the tops, because cutting off long and large branches weakens the whole plant. Especially if it happens in the winter, which is a special time for domestic green pets. The life cycle of any indoor plants presupposes a period of rest. In this they are no different from their wild counterparts growing in a natural environment. For some, the rest period comes in the cold, and for others - in a drought. At this time, flower buds are laid. Before the onset of frost, in autumn gibicuses and azaleas are recommended for a period of two weeks to a month to be put on the balcony. But representatives of bromeliads - ehmeya, guzmania - require a hot environment for the formation of stems, when the temperature should not fall below twenty-five degrees Celsius, and it is desirable and significantly exceed this figure. If you arrange a reshuffle in the house, you should not change the position relative to the sides of the light in citrus ornamental plants, because their leaves are not adapted to turn behind the sun's rays. In order to control this, it is possible to stick a stick into the ground from the north side of the pot as a guide. Homemade mandarin or lemon must be able to properly pinch, leaving at the same time for three or four leaves on young shoots. The tree then turns out to be compact, and the leaves of it are strong and large. With proper lighting, moderate watering and rest with a temperature regime of ten to fourteen degrees Celsius, the plant will bloom for you the next year. And a lemon grown from a stone will please with the first buds and will start to bear fruit only in fifteen years. As you can see, the right content is not everything. It turns out that it's not enough just to plant a baby or buy a plant in a store and provide him with comfortable conditions. In a number of cases, you will have to have a lot of patience to finally see on it long-awaited buds or fruits. There are several more secrets of how to ensure proper care of indoor plants. Here are some that you might need:
- arrowroot and asplenium like moderate lighting and high humidity;
- Ficus Benjamin is very popular due to its unpretentious and decorative, it can be kept anywhere in the apartment;
- Anthurium needs watering, it is shade-tolerant, but does not like waterlogging, so in the flowerpot with it there must be a layer of drainage;
- cypress is a sun-loving plant that needs moderate watering and a prolonged cold rest period;
- shade-tolerant scindapsus does not like abundant watering;
- azalea is a mountain plant, therefore the root system is superficial, it needs an acidic soil, high humidity and abundant watering.
Of course, quickly to comprehend all the subtleties and nuancesis impossible. Growing a home greenhouse or even a couple of fashionable orchids now is a troublesome business, requiring attention and patience. Even an unpretentious cactus will please you with its surprisingly delicate bud only if its contents were correct. But after all we learn everything gradually, and the art of breeding indoor plants is no exception. The main thing - patience, desire and ability to use practical advice. We advise you to read: