About such a concept as low aciditystomach, heard many. But do everyone know what it is, how dangerous the low acidity is, and how to cope with this problem? As practice shows, the answers to these questions are not known to most ordinary people. Let's try together to understand this issue. As is known, the main task of gastric juice is the digestion of food - its splitting. And this effect is achieved due to hydrochloric acid, from which, strictly speaking, gastric juice is formed to the greatest extent. And it is on the amount of hydrochloric acid that the most notorious acidity of gastric juice depends. The acidity of the gastric juice is measured in pH units. In the stomach of any person contains a huge number of different glands, including the base. It is these glands that produce hydrochloric acid. Accordingly, the greater the number of these glands, the higher the acidity level of the gastric juice. However, the acidity of the gastric juice depends not only on the number of glands, but also on how quickly the process of its neutralization passes. After all, in the gastric juice there are also alkaline components.
Causes of decreased gastric acidity
Of course, the acidity of the gastric juice will not go down simply, from scratch. For this, certain prerequisites are needed. Such prerequisites are a number of diseases, such as:
- Stomach cancer
All these diseases are inevitably accompanied by eithera violation of the normal operation of glands producing hydrochloric acid, or even complete their atrophy - in especially severe cases. Although, in fairness, it should be noted that it is very rare, but there are cases when the acidity of the stomach goes down for no apparent reason. Reduced acidity is a very serious danger to human health, even if its cause was a banal gastritis. The normal acidity of the stomach provides a protective function of the stomach, preventing ingress of various pathogenic microflora into the intestine. Accordingly, reduced gastric acidity provokes various intestinal infections and promotes the development of the strongest inflammatory processes.
Symptoms of reduced gastric acidity
Reducing the acidity of the stomach leads to a numberviolations of normal digestion processes. In particular, protein digestion is disrupted, since a number of enzymes remain inactive due to reduced acidity. Because of this, active fermentation processes begin in the intestine. The person has such symptoms as:
- Pain in the area of the intestine
This condition is fraught with not only uncomfortablesensations in the intestine. Due to the fact that the protein is poorly absorbed by the body, a large number of degradation products are formed. These toxins quickly accumulate in the human body, resulting in a deterioration in the work of the immune system. In addition, all sorts of viruses and fungi, which are the causative agents of various diseases, feel very free. It is impossible not to mention such an annoying phenomenon as heartburn. Very often people believe that heartburn occurs only with increased acidity. However, this is not at all the case - and in this case, heartburn occurs quite often. And heartburn is very strong and painful. Perhaps you will be surprised: they say, where does the heartburn come from, if the acidity of the stomach is lowered? But in fact, in order to start heartburn, quite a very small amount of hydrochloric acid, which in any case is contained in gastric juice. In addition, reduced gastric acidity inevitably leads to a deterioration in normal motor activity of both the stomach and intestines. As a result, the person has the following symptoms:
- Stable constipation
In the case of a decrease in the motility of the stomach, the sick person is faced with regular and quite severe constipation, which can not be eliminated with the usual measures - diet and laxative.
- Unpleasant odor from the mouth
Due to the fact that the intestines are constantly occurringprocesses of decay, a sick man with a very bad putrefactive smell appears very quickly from the patient's mouth. There are also indirect signs that may indicate a decrease in the acidity of gastric juice. Direct evidence of this pathology, these symptoms can not, but still such manifestations should alert:
- Systemic fungal diseases, repeated more than three times a year
- The presence of lamblia
- The presence of undigested food in the stools
If you notice these symptoms, tryas soon as possible to seek help from a gastroenterologist. He will appoint the necessary examination and select the best course of treatment for the disease. Independently to treat the disease is not necessary - you can only temporarily eliminate the symptoms, not more.
Treatment of reduced gastric acidity
As you already understood, the treatment of this pathologyyou need to start as soon as possible. However, independent treatment is unacceptable, since pharmacological preparations must be selected strictly individually in each case, taking into account the results of the analyzes and the state of human health. Medicines for treating the increased acidity of the stomach, there are quite a lot. But the medicamental treatment of low acidity is not an easy task, as there are very few really effective medicines. Most often, the treatment is carried out with the help of three types of medications:
- Preparations of hydrochloric acid
With these drugs, you need to be especially careful - they are used only on the prescription of the doctor and under his strict control.
In addition, there are a number of drugs that stimulate the production of hydrochloric acid by the glands of the stomach.
- Herbal preparations
Success is also used in preparations, at the basis ofwhich lie such grasses as wormwood, fennel, ayr, peppermint. These herbs also very effectively stimulate the production of gastric juice and in particular hydrochloric acid. But in any case you can not take any kind of grasses yourself, without the appointment of a doctor. After all, the grass is not so harmless, as it may seem at first glance. And do not rely on the fact that your friends have already treated such a disease with herbs. Herbs can be both medicine and poison if applied incorrectly. Therefore, if you really decide to treat a reduced acidity using herbs, at least consult your doctor. It will help to select the most suitable herbs and determine the dosage. As mentioned above, in a number of cases, a decrease in the acidity of the gastric juice may indicate the presence of a predisposition to oncological diseases in a sick person. Therefore, treatment will also be directed to the prevention of this extremely life-threatening illness. Of course, preventive treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of doctors. In order for the treatment to be productive, always strictly follow all the instructions and recommendations of the doctor.
Compliance with diet
It is impossible to normalize the acidity of the stomach,if a person does not follow how the products he uses. If a person has chronic gastritis with a low acidity, he shows those foods that will have a favorable effect on the production of gastric juice. These are products like:
- Sour fruits and vegetables
- Dairy products
- Products containing a large amount of iron
In addition, some products must be strictly excluded:
- Carbonated and caffeinated drinks
- Spicy, smoked and salted foods
Only if you follow the diet, instructions and recommendations of a doctor can you cope with a low acidity of the stomach. Be healthy! We advise you to read: