Bronchitis - inflammation of the bronchi and accumulation in themmucus. Bronchi is an important part of the respiratory system, their structure resembles tubes that connect the trachea to the lung tissue itself. The trachea is associated with two bronchi that branch out many times, forming a network of large and small tubules (bronchi and bronchioles). When breathing, air through them enters the lungs. At the very tip of the bronchioles is a micromet (alveolus) in which oxygen from the air further enters the blood. In bronchitis, the human bronchi become inflamed and, because of this, give off excess mucus to the bronchus lumen.
General information about bronchitis
Bronchitis is not a simple cough, neglected bronchial disease can develop into more serious problems right up to heart failure.
The main symptoms of bronchitis
Common Symptoms of Bronchial Inflammationis shortness of breath, a feeling of heaviness and tightness in the chest. The people often use the second name of bronchitis - "chest cold". Most often, the symptoms of bronchitis are manifested as a result of the action of viruses, and also as a complication of the infection of the upper respiratory tract. In time, untreated bronchitis passes into a chronic form. Therefore, timely treatment of this disease is extremely important, especially for children. Bronchitis is accompanied by general fatigue, headache, low body temperature, watery eyes, dry cough and sore throat. Frequent companion of bronchitis is a cold, the symptoms of which are almost identical. This form of the disease can last about two weeks. During this time it is quite possible to get rid of the disease with the help of medicines without a prescription. But, if all these symptoms are ignored, dry cough can develop into a cough with mucus secretion (from clear to white or yellowish). Running bronchitis is characterized by tightness in the chest and a protracted paroxysmal cough. At this stage of the illness, the thermometer can show the temperature of the patient's body at 40 degrees, and the mucus secreted by coughing can contain blood veins. With such symptoms, you should immediately call a doctor.
The main methods of treatment
There is a common misconception that,that bronchitis causes pathogenic bacteria that will die under the action of antibiotics. It should be remembered that most often the cause of the disease are viruses, accordingly, the antibiotic will be powerless, moreover, even harmful. Usually, bronchitis passes by itself for 14-16 days, the human body is fighting the virus by itself. But if the body does not manage for two weeks or complications begin, it should start actively helping. With a feeling of constriction in the chest, you can use asthmatic inhalers that will effectively help the airways open, reduce edema of the bronchial tree. Also in the treatment should be used drugs that suppress cough and reduce the intensity of mucus discharge. Most often, such medications do not require a prescription. But most importantly, if you get sick, consult a doctor.