Dandruff is a happy serious problem with whichevery inhabitant of our planet came across at least once in a lifetime. To some, this trouble does not cause any special discomfort, so he does not pay attention to it, someone immediately goes to doctors or prefers to be treated by popular methods, but there is a separate category of people who unconditionally trust advertising. They begin to buy the most expensive and well-known shampoos, which should be rid of dandruff in just a couple of days (weeks, months). However, unfortunately, very often a miracle of healing does not occur. It should be understood that you can not start serious and long-term treatment until you have established the cause of the problem, otherwise you can simply aggravate the situation.
Why suddenly there was dandruff
A completely healthy human skin cells onthe head is renewed within 25-30 days, otherwise they do not have time to ripen and begin to stick together. As a result, there is a slight peeling, which with each month only increases. Usually temporary improvement comes immediately after washing your head, which is why even inexpensive and advertised daily shampoos against dandruff are so in demand in our country. Some time after the appearance of flakes, you may experience mild itching, but if at the same time you find redness, inflammation or even wounds, contact the dermatologist urgently, as these symptoms are inherent in more serious diseases that can not be cured yourself. So, the first cause of dandruff can be a glitch in the work of the sebaceous glands. Remember, perhaps you recently got something serious, started eating wrong (consuming too much sweet, harmful, acute and fatty foods), sat on a diet, which led to a lack of vitamins in the body, began to consume a large amount of carbonated rather than ordinary purified water, etc. Also, similar disorders occur in adolescence, when adolescents have an elevated hormonal background, and in the senile, when the glands are no longer able to cope with the task. Your hair quickly zhirneyut, covered with small yellowish and unpleasant to the touch scales? So you have oily seborrhea, which occurs when excessive production of fat glands. If the hair is dry, brittle, and the roots are visible small white flakes - this is dry seborrhea, which is due to a small amount of secretion. However, do not immediately go to the nearest pharmacy and buy expensive drugs for treatment, so sometimes dryness can arise because of a lack of moisture. With the right selection of cosmetics and the use of masks, balms and conditioners, all symptoms will quickly be eliminated. The second reason is a yeast fungus. Many think that they could get infected in hairdressing salons, beauty salons and other similar establishments, where combs, towels, etc. objects could contact with someone else's skin. This is not true, because every person has Pityrosporum Oval, but in healthy people it is in a dormant state. The slightest violation in the body, severe psychological and physiological stress can lead to the fact that the acidity of the skin changes dramatically, the fungus is activated and begins to multiply in a favorable environment. As a result, the skin cells of the scalp begin to update too quickly, the person has dandruff, which can not be cured with a conventional shampoo. Contrary to popular belief, dandruff is equally common in both men and women between the ages of twenty and forty. Simply the representatives of the stronger sex do not so much worry about this and do not often panic, as ladies do. Almost never such a violation does not happen in small children, but teenagers, especially those who do not pay due attention to hygiene, were less fortunate, as in the transition years almost every second has a problem with the skin. Therefore, it is so important to teach your child to watch himself and to teach him to wash his head at least two or three times a week.
What you need to know about dandruff
If members of your family have white flakesin the hair, do not panic, because dandruff is not contagious. But, certainly, each of you should have a hairbrush and a towel, as some other diseases can be transmitted. Also, select for your husband, children and yourself a separate shampoo, since one and the same may not suit everyone. But if, for example, your child complains that the skin is constantly itching, you find that the peeling spots are small and local, or if, for example, hair begins to fall out, you should immediately go to the hospital, as this can be dermatitis, psoriasis and etc. In this case, the doctor will carry out all the necessary studies and appoint a complex of treatment. The same applies if you have tried folk or cosmetology methods that did not give the desired result.
How to choose shampoo against dandruff
It should be understood that not all detergentsare equally good, therefore to the choice of shampoo should be approached seriously. First, it should not contain any fragrances, aromatic additives, etc. substances. A pleasant smell is good, but in this case the main purpose of the product is to remove the keratinized skin particles and inhibit the formation of new ones. Secondly, its composition should include: tar ("Newtar") and ichthyol, so that the cells begin to update normally, zinc pyrithione, klimbazol ("Keto plus"), ketoconazole, etc. components that destroy all harmful microbes. Another nuance that you should pay attention to is the type of your hair. Remember that shampoo can not be universal, no matter how hard the producers try to prove it to you. From a very expensive product, which replaces the shower gel, soap and almost toothpaste, it is better to refuse. Dryness or fatness of the skin should be determined by an experienced hairdresser, as very often people confuse symptoms and begin to be treated with rather expensive means that do not bring any results. If you are sure that you have fatty dandruff, then you will get "Curtiol", dry - "Selengal", "Triazol". There was an irritation and an itch? Use "Friederm with tar", which also has a soothing effect. With increased skin peeling, it is recommended to use Nizoral. Regardless of which brand you choose, be sure to first read the instructions, as each group has its own indications and contraindications. For example, there are means that act even after washing your head, also there is a medical series, which should be applied as a mask on the hair for a few minutes. On average, all the necessary procedures will need to be done a month and a half, not less. Also there are cosmetic dandruff shampoos, which are best used for prevention. These include "Head & Shoulders", "Phytolite", etc. products of famous brands. They contain active substances that kill bacteria that affect the fungus and normalize the exfoliation process, only in a smaller volume. They can be cured at the initial stages, when small flakes appear in the hair. In neglected cases, it is better to give preference to pharmacy products, which should be combined with conventional shampoos. Also do not forget to use masks, balms, conditioners to make your hair look shiny and silky. Especially if you often experiment with a hairdo, visit the pool or go on vacation at sea. With proper care, the risk of dandruff is minimized, especially if you use the medication twice a week. If the shampoo you prefer does not say that it is suitable for daily washing, do not use it too often.
The most popular method of treatment and prevention,which got us from great-grandmothers, is a common decoction of nettles. It is enough to pour a tablespoon of two hundred milliliters of boiling water, insist for 24 hours and strain through a sieve or gauze. Use the resulting liquid can be used as a rinse aid, which does not need to be washed off.
Decoction of this herb is used in those cases,when the hair begins to drop heavily or fatty dandruff appears. The tincture is rubbed into the scalp and left for half an hour, after which it is washed off with an abundant amount of warm water. It is enough to do this procedure twice a week to bring your head in order.
- Kefir, whey
As in the previous case, the fermented milk productdensely applied to the hair, rubbed into the roots and left for thirty minutes. At the end of the procedure, rinse the head with water, which was added a small amount of mustard (from the proportion of st.l. per liter of water).
Prevention of dandruff
To enter into that category of people who once andhave forever forgotten about this problem, you must follow certain rules and monitor your own health. First, start eating properly and limit yourself to fat and carbohydrates. Eat more fruits and vegetables to saturate your body with vitamins, minerals and beneficial microorganisms. Secondly, try to be as nervous as possible. Remember that almost all diseases mainly arise due to nerves and stresses. Do not skimp on cosmetic products, since cheap shampoos contain substances harmful to the scalp, which can even lead to the development of dandruff. Choose products based on the type of your hair (fatty, dry, normal). Do not buy the unique 3-in-1 tools, if you want to achieve a positive effect. Try to buy shampoo, which does not include surfactants (compared to past years, world companies are increasingly added to them). Irons, hair dryers, curds, foams and varnishes - all this and more can lead not only to the appearance of dandruff on the head, but also to baldness, so try to use them as rarely as possible. In many beauty salons, before starting the thermal treatment, special tools are applied to the hair, which protect it from the aggressive action of hot tongs or curlers. Therefore, if you like to make different hairstyles or can not leave the house, until you straighten each hair, be sure to stock up on this product.
What not to do with dandruff?
Do not wash the water with too hot water, as thisHarmful even for healthy skin. Wipe wet hair with light massage movements and use only a soft towel, otherwise such a strong mechanical effect can lead to irritation. Do not use hard brushes with sharp tips, do not comb wet hair, do not dry them with a hair dryer at the highest power and temperature. Also, for dandruff, procedures should be avoided, because of which the skin becomes inflamed: painting, perm (chemical and biological), hair straightening, etc. In no case should you choose the means for washing at your own risk. If you have dry dandruff, and you have purchased a shampoo for a fatty type of hair, you will hurt yourself even more. After each procedure, apply a balm that will give shine to your hair. Do not apply therapeutic cosmetics every day, otherwise your skin will get used to it and you can not do without this shampoo. Use it no more than two or three times a week. Do not sit on a rigid diet and do not starve, as the vitamin deficiency, irritability, stress and everything else that follows will only worsen the situation. Still, alcohol, cigarettes and fast food should be abandoned. Eat as much as possible dairy products (cottage cheese, cheese, kefir), bananas, strawberries, citrus fruits. Additionally, take brewer's yeast, which favorably affects the skin, nails, hair and the whole body. We advise you to read: